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Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 12 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Springfield (Arkansas, United States) or search for Springfield (Arkansas, United States) in all documents.

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ntire people, that vital element of republics which proclaims that government derives its just powers from the consent of the governed, and that nearly half of the people were prepared to resist rather than consent to his authority, assumed, as they believed, upon principles at variance with the law as enacted and expounded by the courts of last resort. Mr. Lincoln had already, before the taking of the Little Rock arsenal, written to his friend Washburne, of Illinois, as follows: Springfield, December 21, 1860. Present my compliments to Lieutenant-General Scott, and tell him confidentially, I shall be obliged to him to be as well prepared as he can to either hold or retake the forts, as the case may require, at and after the inauguration. The taking of the Little Rock arsenal produced a revulsion of feeling, which caused those who hoped to keep Arkansas in the Union to abandon that hope. The conviction that resistance by the Southern States to the authority of the gen
deral advance under Curtis battle of Elkhorn Tavern death of McCulloch and McIntosh headquarters at Pocahontas Van Dorn Prepares to Cross the Mississippi the noble women of Arkansas. After the battle of Oak Hills and the occupation of Springfield by the Confederates, General Price, having failed to induce General McCulloch, commanding the Arkansas troops, to unite with him, made a forward movement toward the Missouri river with his Missouri command, directing his march against Lexington subsequently received, it is believed that this body of troops was General Sigel's division, numbering from 5,000 to 7,000 men. Colonel Gates, pressing upon the retreating enemy, engaged his rear guard a short distance beyond the town on the Springfield road. Here, besides the capture of prisoners and a baggage-wagon laden with arms and ammunition, our cavalry killed and wounded several of the enemy and compelled the main body to continue its retreat, pursuing it until dark. The other regim
Notwithstanding the Confederates had been for months in camps of instruction, the infantry on Mazzard prairie, near Fort Smith, where they were organized and drilled by officers appointed by General Hindman, were poorly equipped to meet the well-armed, well-fed and insolent invaders. The cavalry had few other arms than double-barrel shotguns. But they were well mounted, and relied on their weapons in a charge at close quarters. The infantry had been supplied with the Virginia make of Springfield army rifles, and presented a more military appearance. The force now assembled in north Arkansas, under Hindman, numbered about 20,000 men. He was encamped with the infantry south of the junction of the roads leading, one from Fayetteville, and the other from Huntsville, to Ozark, on the north or east bank of the Arkansas river where he could not be attacked from the rear by the enemy marching from either Fayetteville or Huntsville. McCrae's brigade of Arkansas infantry and Woodruff's b
ntages under which the Southern soldiery campaigned, and the suffering which the people were compelled to endure. Of these raids, battles and skirmishes only a few can be named, and the story of them cannot in the space of this volume be fully told. While the Confederates in Tennessee were battling with Rosecrans, December 31, 1862, General Marmaduke was marching from Lewisburg, on the Arkansas river, with Shelby's brigade, MacDonald's and Porter's commands, for a raid into Missouri. Springfield was attacked, and the forts at Hartville and Hazlewood were burned. Among the killed in the action at Hartville were the brave Col. Emmet MacDonald, Lieutenant-Colonel Weimer, Major Kirtley, and others. From Hazlewood the Confederates returned to Batesville, Ark., January 18, 1863. Carroll's Arkansas brigade, commanded by Col. J. C. Monroe, started under General Marmaduke upon this raid, but was detached by orders from General Hindman's headquarters, and directed to operate against th
ont, followed by the whole line, and the enemy was silenced in twenty minutes. The regiment was twenty days behind the defenses at Jackson, Miss. It was ordered to the relief of Port Hudson, where it endured the siege of forty-eight days under General Beall. After it was exchanged, it was attached, March 25th, to Reynolds' brigade, and under him was engaged in the last battle of the war, in which their brigadier-general lost a leg. The Tenth Arkansas regiment was organized at Springfield, Conway county, July, 1861, by the appointment of Col. Thomas D. Merrick, a merchant of Little Rock, its commander; Lieut.-Col. S. S. Ford, Maj. Obed Patty. Adjt. Robert C. Bertrand acted as such until February, 1862, when George A. Merrick was made adjutant. The company officers were: Company A, Capt. A. R. Witt, of Van Buren county, First Lieut. W. W. Martin, Second Lieut. C. M. Cargile, Third Lieut. Israel Davis. Company B, Capt. James Venable, First Lieut. John K. Griffith, Second Lieut. Ben
surgeon Hawthorn's Arkansas infantry. Thomas W. Mathews, Fort Smith, Ark., surgeon Parsons' Texas cavalry. Junius Terry, Lexington, Mo., assistant surgeon Roberts' Missouri battery. Francis D. Cook, Denton, Tex., assistant surgeon Darnell's Texas cavalry. John H. Gaines, Selma, Ark., surgeon Portlock's Arkansas infantry (taken prisoner at Post of Arkansas and escaped at Memphis). Albert G. Quarles, Garrettsburg, Ky., assistant surgeon Hawthorn's Arkansas infantry. Nathan H. Wynskoop, Springfield, Tex., assistant surgeon Fifteenth Texas cavalry. Albert B. Hoy, Utica, Mo., surgeon Pine Bluff hospital. Rufus L. Talbot, Roseville, Ark., surgeon Carroll's Arkansas cavalry. Charles P. Bogan, Shiloh, Ark., assistant surgeon. Henry Dye, Plano, Tex., assistant surgeon Little Rock hospital. Robert Duncan, St. Louis, Mo., assistant surgeon Shaler's Arkansas infantry. W. B. Welch, Boonsboro, Ark., surgeon Brooks' Arkansas infantry. John R. Lowther, Clarksville, Ark., assistant surgeon hospi