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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ireland, John 1838- (search)
and liberty. The value of the aid given to us by France in our war for independence is inestimable. The joy which the memory of it awakens in our souls is that which comes to us through the consciousness of our national life itself. France stood first sponsor for our nationhood. We entered into the great family of nations leaning on her arm, radiant with the reflection of her histrionic splendor, and strong in the protection of her titanic stature. When Franklin stood in the palace of Versailles, the acknowledged envoy of America, and Gerard de Rayneval, as the minister of France, saluted the Congress of America at Philadelphia, the young republic thrilled with new life and leaped at once into a full sense of security and a true consciousness of her dignity. Let historians relate as they will that the King and minister of France saw in the revolt of the American colonies, and in the assistance that might be given them, an opportunity for France to avenge the humiliation of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- (search)
r England under a partial cloud of ministerial displeasure, and he hoped to close his career in America by some brilliant act. Lafayette's headquarters near Chadd's Ford. After a short winter passage from Boston to Brest, in February, 1779, Lafayette joined his family and friends in his native land. His offence in sailing for America in defiance of the King's command was atoned for by a week's exile to Paris, and confinement in the house of his father-in-law. He was then received at Versailles, when the King gently reprimanded him, while the Queen eagerly sought information concerning America from his own lips. His fame made him the admired of Court society as well as of the populace of the French capital. The young marquis observed with alarm that everybody was talking of peace, while America was struggling with armed champions of royalty, and he felt that the independence of the colonies was in peril. With great earnestness he pleaded for aid for the Americans, and was succ
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
n. 12, 1779 British under Major Gardiner driven from Port Royal Island by General Moultrie Feb. 3, 1779 Franklin commissioned sole minister plenipotentiary to France, and Adams recalled Feb., 1779 Battle of Kettle Creek, Ga., American victory Feb. 14, 1779 Americans under Major Clarke capture Vincennes Feb. 20, 1779 Battle of Brier Creek, Ga., British victory March 3, 1779 Salt works at Horseneck, Conn., destroyed by General TryonMarch 26, 1779 American ministers recalled, except at Versailles and Madrid April, 1779 Americans repulsed at Stono Ferry, S. C.June 20, 1779 Spain declares war against Great Britain June, 1779 British under Tryon plunder New Haven, July 5, and burn Fairfield, July 8, and Norwalk July 12, 1779 Americans under Wayne take by storm Fort Stony Point, N. Y. July 16, 1779 Expedition against the British at Fort Casting, Me., repulsed July 25, 1779 American fleet arrive at Penobscot, July 25, and are dispersed by British fleet Aug. 13, 1779 Congress agre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washingtoniana. -1857 (search)
ont of the pedestal to be engraved as follows: The United States, in Congress assembled, ordered this statue to be erected in the year of our Lord 1783, in honor of George Washington, the illustrious commander-in-chief of the armies of the United States of America during the war which vindicated and secured their liberty, sovereignty, and independence. It was further resolved that the statue should be made by the best artist in Europe, under the direction of the United States minister at Versailles (Benjamin Franklin), and that the best resemblance of General Washington that could be procured should be sent to the minister, together with the fittest description of the events which are to be the subject of the bassorelievo. Happily for historic truth, that statue of Washington in a Roman dress was never executed. Washington died on Dec. 14, 1799, and on the 23d The State-House, Annapolis, Md. Congress adopted a joint resolution that a marble monument should be erected to the mem