state while it is in force,”Theaetetus 177 D.
The formula “justice is the advantage of the
superior” means, as explained in Laws 714, that
the ruling class legislates in its own interest, that is, to keep itself
in power. This interpretation is here drawn out of Thrasymachus by
Socrates' affected misapprehensions (cf. further Pascal, Pensees iv. 4,
“la commodite du souverain.” Leibniz approves
Thrasymachus's definition: “justum potentiori utile . . . nam
Deus ceteris potentior!”).
WeIl, why don't you applaud? Nay,
you'll do anything but that.” “Provided only I first
understand your meaning,” said I; “for I don't yet
ics of Plato's style, namely the representation
of thought as adventure or action. This procedure is, or was, familiar
to modern readers in Matthew Arnold's account in God and the
Bible of his quest for the meaning of god, which in turn is
imitated in Mr. Updegraff's New
World. It lends vivacity and interest to
Provinciales and many other examples of it can be
found in modern literature. The classical instance of it in Plato is Socrates' narrative in the
Phaedo of his search for a satisfactory explanation
of natural phenomena, 96 A ff. In the Sophist the
argument is represented as an effort to track and capture the sophist.