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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 18: capture of forts Jackson and St. Philip, and the surrender of New Orleans. (search)
thening the river defenses at Forts Jackson and St. Philip; which included obstructions on the river itself, besides the preparation of what might well be considered a formidable naval force. Of the latter, the ram Manassas, was improved and commissioned, while the Louisiana, iron-clad, of sixteen heavy guns, was rapidly nearing completion. Two other powerful iron-clads, intended to clear the southern coast of blockaders, were under construction at New Orleans, while further inland, at Yazoo City, the iron-clad ram Arkansas was almost ready for service. Several other iron-clad vessels were, at the same time, building at various points on the tributaries. Admiral David G. Farragut. A comparison of the work done by the North and the South, up to the advance on New Orleans, is largely in favor of the latter; for not one among all the vessels sent to Farragut possessed any power of resistance, save what had been shown from the time of Nelson. Not only had the North failed to ava
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 21: capture of New Orleans.--first attack on Vicksburg by Farragut's fleet and mortar flotilla.--junction of flag-officers Farragut and Davis above Vicksburg.--ram Arkansas. (search)
ect. Our combined fleet lay there and gazed in wonder at the new forts that were constantly springing up on the hill tops, two hundred and fifty feet above the river, and a mile and a half back from the shore, while water batteries seemed to grow on every salient point It was evident enough that Vicksburg could only be taken after a long siege by the combined operations of a large military and naval force. Flag-officers Farragut and Davis here learned that a large ram was building at Yazoo City, but they did not believe the Confederates had sufficient resources to build a powerful vessel in such an out-of-the-way place, so they let their vessels' steam go down to save coal, which was very hard to get at Vicksburg, and contented themselves with sending the Carondelet and Taylor up the Yazoo River in company with the Ellet ram, Queen of the West. On their way up the Yazoo River, and six miles above its mouth, the two gun-boats met the iron-clad ram Arkansas advancing boldly to a
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 23: destruction of the ram Arkansas.--capture of Galveston.--capture of the Harriet Lane.--sinking of the Hatteras.--attack on Baton Rouge.--Miscellaneous engagements of the gun-boats. (search)
as the most formidable vessel on the Mississippi River, and that there would be no security against her while she floated. To render everything secure at Baton Rouge, Farragut left a sufficient force there to guard against all contingencies, and returned to New Orleans, satisfied that for the present he would hear no more of Confederate rams. He was not aware at the time, that the enemy had been so well satisfied with the performances of the Arkansas that they had commenced to build at Yazoo City two more rams, more powerful than any they had yet planned. Great credit was due the officers and men of the little flotilla, which co-operated so handsomely with General Williams in defeating General Breckenridge. particularly to Lieutenant Roe of the Katahdin and Lieutenant Ransom of the Kineo, who threw the enemy's ranks into confusion by the remarkable accuracy of their fire. The commander of the Arkansas, on this occasion, was Lieutenant H. K. Stevens of the Confederate Navy, h
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 26: siege of Vicksburg. (search)
current drove the steamers against the trees and injured them so much that this plan had to be abandoned. Then some one proposed to cut away the levee at a place called Delta near Helena and open Yazoo Pass. This used to be the main way to Yazoo City and to the Tallahatchie and Yallabusha Rivers, before the Southern railroad was built, and it had been closed up to reclaim some millions of acres of land. It led into the Tallahatchie, and if our Navy could succeed in getting through it, a waand he conducted the operations in an intelligent manner, and though the vessels did not make very rapid headway, they did wonderfully well considering the difficulties. They all had to be carefully handled with hawsers around the bends, for the Yazoo Pass, following the example of the mother Mississippi, was as crooked as a ram's horn. On the second day, the vessels were so torn to pieces that no more harm could be done to them — they had hulls and engines left and that had to suffice. Th
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 27: expedition through Steele's Bayou and Deer Creek. (search)
f war. Grant's decision. the rams run the batteries the Lancaster sunk. the Switzerland joins Farragut. brave volunteers, etc., etc. About the time of the Yazoo Pass expedition, Lieutenant McLeod Murphy, U. S. N., discovered a pass through the woods some ten miles above the mouth of the Yazoo, by which it was thought the guture. This greatly changed their system of defence; guns were removed from prominent points along the Mississippi, while the rivers Tallahatchie, Sunflower and Yazoo were strongly fortified, and were guarded against any attack in the future. Every precaution was likewise taken to protect the flanks of the city, but the soldierrlborough, that though all trials might fail, there was always one way left to get into a fortified city. So evident was it to the Confederates that in both the Yazoo Pass and the Steele's Bayou expedition they had left the northern flank of Vicksburg unprotected, that they removed the depot at once. Not only that, though there
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 28: passage of the fleet by Vicksburg and capture of Grand Gulf.--capture of Alexandria, etc. (search)
d on the gun-boats, General Grant felt satisfied he could send transports by the batteries of Vicksburg, and shortly afterwards six of these, on a dark night, passed down in charge of their pilots — a daring set of men who never shrunk from any dangerous service,--only one steamer was sunk by the enemy's shot. A sufficient number of gun boats had been left at the mouth of the Yazoo River to take care of the upper Mississippi, and to look out for two formidable rams that were building at Yazoo City, forty miles from the mouth of the river. Sherman remained with his division at Young's Point, ready to make another attack from the Yazoo if opportunity offered, and also to protect the supplies at Milliken's Bend from General Sterling Price, who with a large Confederate force was encamped some thirty miles away on the west bank of the Mississippi. The Mississippi Marine Brigade, consisting of two thousand men, under Brigadier-General Alfred Ellet, in six or seven large steamers, wa
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 29: siege of Vicksburg--continued. (search)
f. midnight attack on Vicksburg by the Army and Navy. attack on Yazoo City by the gun-boats and destruction of three iron-clad rams. attacke Yazoo River with a sufficient force to destroy all the works at Yazoo City, which had been used in the construction of their rams. As this naval force approached Yazoo City, the Confederate property was set on fire by Lieutenant Brown,late commander of the Arkansas, and our men no effort was left untried to reach the place and destroy her. Yazoo City fared badly for its misfortune in being selected as a site for a es left nothing that could be used towards building a boat even. Yazoo never built another ram; the people were quite satisfied to have thy other vessels on the tributaries of the Mississippi, and though Yazoo City was for some time after the rendevous of the cowardly guerillas, d, the corn on which an enemy could subsist was destroyed, and at Yazoo City the crews landed and brought away all the bar, round and flat iro
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 30: (search)
: Naval and military expedition to Yazoo City. capture of the enemy's works. the Baron dat General Joseph E. Johnston was fortifying Yazoo City, with the apparent intention of occupying thhad been hiding in the Tallahatchie, were at Yazoo City and employed in supplying Johnston's troops. steamers and break up the enemy's resort at Yazoo City. The Baron deKalb, New National, Kenwood omposed the military part. On approaching Yazoo City the enemy appeared in force, and the DeKalb, citizens from placing torpedoes in front of Yazoo City, and it was supposed that it would not be pes, should the Union forces get possession of Yazoo City. Lieutenant-Commander Walkertherefore felt cand many of them captured by General Herron. Yazoo City was never again troubled by the Confederatestion of the three iron-clad rams building at Yazoo City, and with their assistance hoped to drive ofimen of the iron-clad that could be built at Yazoo City, the Federals had cause to congratulate them
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 31: operations of Farragut's vessels on the coast of Texas, etc. (search)
d dismay to the hearts of the Confederates. The latter element predominated very largely, yet on the whole the people of New Orleans were pleased with the hope of seeing the commerce of the North and West return to their once flourishing city and again crowd its levees with the splendid steamers that formerly kept their storehouses supplied with the products of the Upper Mississippi. But war had made sad ravages in this class of vessels; hundreds of them had been sunk or burned in the Red, Yazoo, Arkansas and White Rivers, and the few that now came creeping out of the bayous and small streams where they had been laid away, were in so dilapidated a condition that on their appearance at the levee, the very sight of these vessels called to mind the decayed condition of this once flourishing city and brought tears of sorrow to many an eye. These people were only repaid for their faithlessness to a form of government under which they had reaped so much prosperity and from which, even in
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 32: Navy Department.--energies displayed.--building of iron-clads (search)
man, Mr. James B. Eads, we got some iron-clads afloat on the Mississippi, but it was not until the 17th of June, 1861, that the Quartermaster-general of the Army issued proposals for building the vessels. Great progress was made upon these quasi iron-clads when the work was once under full headway; but with all the remarkable services they performed, what were they when compared with the Virginia, the Louisiana, the Albemarle, Atlanta, Mobile, and three large vessels built or building at Yazoo City — the Mississippi, burnt at New Orleans — the Tennessee, that fought a whole squadron (including three iron-clads) in Mobile Bay — and the Arkansas, that passed through a fleet of vessels (carrying 150 guns), without receiving more serious injury than the wounding of some fifteen men and the slight derangement of part of her armor and machinery? Previous to the civil war it had been the aim of the United States Government to excel all other nations in the quality and size of its vessels<
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