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hen policy indicated it, the declaration came, as will be seen hereafter. Meantime, General Fremont, in command in Missouri, issued a proclamation on August 31, 1861, declaring the property, real and personal, of all persons in arms against the United States, or taking an active part with their enemies, to be confiscated, and their slaves to be free men. This was subsequently modified to conform to the terms of the above-mentioned confiscation act. General Thomas W. Sherman, commanding at Port Royal in South Carolina, was instructed on October 14, 1861 to receive all persons, whether slaves or not, and give them employment, assuring all loyal masters that Congress will provide just compensation to them for the loss of the services of the persons so employed. To others no relief was to be given. This was, by confiscation, to punish a class of citizens, in the emancipation of every slave whose owner rendered support to the Confederate States. Finally General Halleck, who succeeded Fr
t Hatteras Inlet expedition of the enemy to Port Royal expeditions from Port Royal system of coasPort Royal system of coast defenses adopted by us Fort Pulaski. At the ensuing nightfall our victorious army retired fromsand men, appeared off the harbor of Port Royal, South Carolina, on November 4, 1861. This harbor i2 several reconnaissances were sent out from Port Royal, and subsequently an expedition visited Daristance carried them and gained possession of Port Royal. This is the best harbor in South Carolina,ants along the entire coast. The capture of Port Royal gave to the Federals the entire possession on and Savannah Railroad. The main road from Port Royal to Pocotaligo crosses the channel at this po of Beaufort Island, followed the capture of Port Royal. This exposed Savannah, only about twentyfireached without opposition by the route from Port Royal to Pocotaligo. Such was the state of affaverlooking the approach to the railroad from Port Royal, and soon infused into his troops a part of
he had been engaged with the United States steamer Hatteras, a larger ship than the Alabama by one hundred tons, with an equal number of guns, and a crew numbering two less than that of the Alabama. There was a considerable disparity between the two ships in the weight of their pivot-guns, and the Alabama ought to have won the fight, which she did in thirteen minutes. The Alabama had received no appreciable injury, and, continuing her cruise to the Island of Jamaica, entered the harbor of Port Royal, where, by the permission of the authorities, Captain Semmes landed his prisoners, putting them on parole. As an answer to the stereotyped charges against Captain Semmes as a pirate and robber, I will select from the many unarmed ships captured by him one case. He had gone to the track of the California steamers between Aspinwall and New York, in the hope of capturing a vessel homeward bound with government treasure. On the morning before such a vessel was expected, a large steamer, t
to be in insurrection, etc. Under it some licenses were issued to places in Kentucky and Missouri where the United States forces were located, without any fruitful results. Some strong military and naval expeditions were fitted out to invade us and occupy the ports where cotton and other valuable products were usually shipped. An advance was made up the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers and down the Mississippi, as has been stated elsewhere. The ports of Beaufort, North Carolina, Port Royal, South Carolina, and New Orleans, Louisiana, were declared by proclamation of the President of the United States to be open for trade under the new system. Licenses were granted to foreign vessels by United States consuls and to coasting vessels by the Treasury Department, and the blockade was relaxed so far as related to those ports except as to persons, property, and information contraband of war. Collectors were appointed at the above-mentioned ports, and a circular was addressed to the forei
o advance toward Fredericksburg. As some of the enemy's gunboats had appeared in the river at Port Royal, and it was possible that an attempt might be made to cross in that vicinity. D. H. Hill's diere closely guarded by our cavalry, and the brigade of General W. H. F. Lee was stationed near Port Royal to watch the river above and below. The interval before the advance of the foe was employed iies immediately turned upon him and, upon his withdrawal, the enemy extended his left down the Port Royal road, his numerous batteries opening with vigor upon Jackson's line. Eliciting no response, ee's brigade picketing the Rappahannock above the mouth of the Rapidan and W. H. F. Lee's near Port Royal. General Longstreet, with two divisions of his corps, was detached for service south of James t Kelly's Ford and the Rappahannock Bridge; at the same time a demonstration was made opposite Port Royal. These movements indicated that the army, now commanded by Major General Hooker, was about to
onies and capital offenses, which are punishable by all laws human and divine. Inquiries were made by letter relative to a few of the bestau-thenticated cases. It was announced that Major General Hunter had armed slaves for the murder of their masters, and had thus done all in his power to inaugurate a servile war, which is worse than that of the savage, inasmuch as it superadds other horrors to the indiscriminate slaughter of all ages, sexes, and conditions. In a letter dated Port Royal, South Carolina, June 23, 1862, General Hunter said: It is my hope to have organized by the end of next fall, and to be able to present to the Government, from forty-eight to fifty thousand of these hardy and devoted soldiers. Brigadier General Phelps was reported to have initiated at New Orleans the example set by General Hunter in South Carolina. Brigadier General G. N. Fitch was stated in the public journals to have murdered in cold blood two peaceful citizens, because one of his men, w
proclamation for the arrest of certain persons charged with complicity in the assassination of Lincoln), General Wheeler, the distinguished cavalry officer, and his adjutant, General Ralls. My private secretary, Burton N. Harrison, had refused to be left behind, and though they would not allow him to go in the carriage with me, he was resolved to follow my fortunes, as well from sentiment as from the hope of being useful. His fidelity was rewarded by a long and rigorous imprisonment. At Port Royal we were transferred to a seagoing vessel, which, instead of being sent to Washington city, was brought to anchor at Hampton Roads. One by one all my companions in misfortune were sent away, we knew not whither, leaving on the vessel only Clay, his wife, me and my family. After some days' detention, Clay and I were removed to Fortress Monroe, and there incarcerated in separate cells. Not knowing that the government was at war with women and children, I asked that my family might be permit
, 457. Poindexter, Doctor. 122. Point Comfort, 7 Polignac, General, 455. Polk, General, Leonidas, 20, 40-41, 43, 44, 46, 47, 55, 192, 324, 359, 360, 361, 460, 466, 468, 496. Extract from report on battle of Shiloh, 51. Death, 469. Pope, Gen. John, 58, 59, 61, 114, 262, 265, 269, 270, 271, 275, 276, 498-99, 618, 630, 631,633, 634. Orders to devastate Virginia, 262-63. Port Hudson. Siege, 351-52, 353. Port Republic, Battle of, 94-96. Gen. Taylor's description, 95-96. Port Royal, S. C., 8. Porter, General, 114, 275, 283. Admiral, D. D., 23, 182, 184, 185, 332, 333, 347, 455-56, 458, 548, 581. Statement concerning Confederate use of torpedo naval defense, 174. Posey, General, 300. Powers, Maurice, 201. Powhatan (ship), 207-08. Prentiss, General, 48, 50. Preston, General, 361. Prestonburg, Battle of, 15. Price, General, Sterling, 39, 40, 326-27, 328, 329, 496. Prisoners. Treatment, 9-10. Exchange, 11-13, 492-98, 501-13. Pritchard, Colonel, 595. Edwar