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wished to go to Centreville the second day, which would have taken us there on the 17th, and enabled us, so far as they were concerned, to go into action on the 19th, instead of the 21st; but when I went forward from Fairfax Court House, beyond Germantown, to urge them forward, I was told it was impossible for the men to march further. They had only come from Vienna, about six miles, and it was not more than six and a half miles farther to Centreville — in all a march of twelve and a half milesot done, and the enemy was free to assemble from every direction in numbers only limited by the amount of his railroad rolling-stock and his supply of provisions. To the forces, therefore, we drove in from Fairfax Court House, Fairfax Station, Germantown, and Centreville, and those under Beauregard at Manassas, must be added those under Johnston from Winchester, and those brought up by Davis from Richmond, to other places at the South, to which is to be added the levy en masse ordered by the Ri
extra black, as if they did not care about being fought for. A short way beyond this village, Germantown, the scene of the recent excesses of the Federalists, afforded evidence in its blackened ruinsormed us we could get to Centreville by the route we were pursuing, instead of turning back to Germantown, as we should have done. Centreville was still seven miles ahead. The guns sounded, however,ted, a byroad somewhere to the left front, but people who had tried its depths had returned to Germantown with the conviction that it led to any place but Centreville. Our driver, however, wished to d quadruped, combined, or rather at variance with the callosities of the English saddle. From Germantown, onward by the right road, there was nothing very remarkable. At one place a group of soldiers been said, they were scandalously handled. A detour by a cross road from Centreville to the Germantown road would have placed the horse in the rear of the retreating mass in half an hour, and it is
or pillaging, and were sent back under guard to Alexandria. At Germantown, and also in the vicinity of Fairfax Court House, several houses f, escorted by a squadron of United States dragoons, proceeded to Germantown, where the division of General Tyler was halted. It was the purp its march at five o'clock to-morrow morning. Its destination is Germantown, a village one mile west of Fairfax Court House. Gen. Tyler's or to square up their Vienna account. --N. Y. Herald, July 18. Germantown, July 17--1 P. M. The second day's movements of the First divi were still burning in the rear of it. Half a mile further on, Germantown, a hamlet of half a dozen houses, was reached and found almost deing made for dinner by the First division, in the woods adjoining Germantown. The division will move on this afternoon to the vicinity of Cenhough Col. Tyler's Division holds position about half way between Germantown and Centreville. Col. Heintzelman had not been heard from at thr
ge at Fairfax Court House. It consisted of about 6,000 men, and was led by the Second Rhode Island regiment, under Gov. Sprague. The right column, which had taken the upper road, and under Col. Tyler was to enter Fairfax from the direction of Germantown, consisted of about 12,000. To the south of us were Col. Miles with 5,700, and Col. Heintzelman with 10,000 men. We had thus a force of about 35,000 advancing from this point towards Manassas Junction. It is understood also that Gen. Pattersoe men stopping for the delicious blackberries that filled the fields. Gen. McDowell informed us that he was concentrating four columns at Fairfax Court House--one on the right, under Gen. Tyler, of about 12,000 men, through Falls Village and Germantown; one on the left, of about 5,700 under Miles, and the left wing, under Heintzelman, with about 6,000. Suddenly, as we were picking berries by the road-side, came the word Halt! An orderly rode up and said, General, we are in a trap; trees are
Doc. 103.-General McDowell's despatch. Fairfax Court House, July 18, 1861. To Colonel E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant-General, Washington:-- The First Division, under General Tyler, is between Germantown and Centreville. The Second (Hunter's) is at this place, just about to move forward to Centreville. The Fifth (Miles') is at the crossing of the old Braddock road with the road from this to Fairfax Station, and is ordered forward to Centreville by the old Braddock road. Barry's battery has joined it. One of Colonel Heintzelman's brigades (Wilcox) is at Fairfax Station. Colonel Heintzelman and his other brigade are below the station, but he has not reported to me since we have been here, and I have not been able to communicate with him. I think they are at Sangster's Station. The four men wounded yesterday belonged to Colonel Miles' division, who had some slight skirmishing in reaching the position. Each column encountered about the same obstructions — trees felled a
1. General: I have the honor to report that I left the camp at Germantown at an early hour yesterday morning, my brigade consisting of the cuted effort to cut off the retreat of Bonham's brigade--first at Germantown, and subsequently at Centreville, whence he withdrew by my directtions, at 10 A. M. I started after the main body of the army, via Germantown, where I found three of the fine buildings of which the village hion of Col. Heintzelman's division was in the rear, in and around Germantown. Those seen on the road to Centreville were principally of Gen. te females there wore brighter countenances than their sisters of Germantown. When the enemy evacuated the place, (its males having been imprhere has been most happy, indeed, making up for it at Fairfax and Germantown. I proceeded as soon as possible on towards the direction of tted them had we advanced instead of halting for the night between Germantown and Centreville, and thus prevented their joining the rebel force
ive of some of the volunteer corps stumbling upon a masked battery, and thus precipitating a general engagement. The loss of the Confederates was not known, but is conjectured by the Federalists to have been heavy. Among the killed, is said to be one Colonel Fountain--at least, a deserter so stated. The excesses of the Federal troops in Virginia are exciting general indignation among army officers. A member of Congress, who visited the scene this morning, states that the village of Germantown has been entirely burnt, with the exception of one house, in which lay a sick man, who had been robbed, he was told, by an army surgeon, of nearly every article he possessed of the slightest value, even to his jack-knife. Gen. McDowell has issued orders that the first soldier detected in perpetrating these depredations shall be shot, and has ordered that a guard be placed over the principal residences of any town the troops may enter. Memphis appeal account. Richmond, July 19, 1