Browsing named entities in Adam Badeau, Military history of Ulysses S. Grant from April 1861 to April 1865. Volume 3. You can also browse the collection for Martinsburg (West Virginia, United States) or search for Martinsburg (West Virginia, United States) in all documents.

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tomac, and Early to advance at the same time from Martinsburg. This was frustrated by Early being compelled toions of infantry and a large force of cavalry, to Martinsburg, twenty-two miles away, to do what damage he coulnchester, and then the two that had been moved to Martinsburg. Accordingly, on the afternoon of the 18th, his of importance, he at once set out to return. At Martinsburg . . I learned that Grant was with Sheridan that dnearer, were marching rapidly up on the road from Martinsburg. Sheridan was promptly informed of these disposiover; but by this time Early's two divisions from Martinsburg had come upon the ground, and the rebels were notstrength was opposite Sheridan's right, where the Martinsburg road comes in, and Crook was now directed to findme moment Torbert's. cavalry came sweeping up the Martinsburg road, overlapping Early's left, and driving the rer, Sheridan reported: I am now eighty miles from Martinsburg, and find it exceedingly difficult to supply this
rnment: Turning what bid fair to be disaster into glorious victory stamps Sheridan what I have always thought him, one of the ablest of generals. His antagonist, however, had not been altogether incompetent. Early was skilful, if over cautious, in his operations at the mouth of the Valley, and although he accomplished no more positive results, he nevertheless prevented Sheridan for some weeks from achieving anything of importance. He finally blundered, in dispatching two divisions to Martinsburg, in the presence of a wary opponent. They were brought rapidly back, it is true, when the danger became manifest; but the mistake undoubtedly contributed to his disaster at Winchester. Early, however, was always quick to return upon Sheridan's steps, when that commander made a retrograde movement; he was rarely deficient in vigor, and the plan of the battle of Cedar Creek was full of design as well as boldness; but, judging from results, he must have lacked clearness of judgment and qui
28445,487 This return is the only one made by Sheridan to the Adjutant-General prior to the battle of Winchester; and, as it was accompanied by a statement of its incompleteness, I applied to his Headquarters for a return of his effective strength, but, owing to the loss of all his papers in the Chicago fire, I was unable to obtain either the numbers or organizations detached from his army south of the Potomac. It was stated, however, that the garrisons of Harper's Ferry, Charleston, Martinsburg, and other points, together with escorts to trains, were of sufficient size to reduce the force in the field to the numbers given in Sheridan's report to Grant, which were taken at the time from the official returns of effective or fighting strength present for duty. But as these returns were never sent to Washington, and were destroyed as above stated, it was impossible to furnish copies of them. At Grant's Headquarters it was always understood that Sheridan's effective force in the
l: In advance of a detailed report, I have determined to give you an informal account of the recent disasters to my command, which I have not had leisure to do before. On the 17th of September, I moved two divisions-Rhodes's and Gordon's—from Stevenson's depot, where they, together with Breckenridge's division, were encamped (Ramseur's being at Winchester, to cover the road from Berryville), to Bunker Hill; and, on the 18th, I moved Gordon's division, with a part of Lomax's cavalry, to Martinsburg, to thwart efforts that were reported to be making to repair the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. This expedition was successful, and the bridge over Back creek was burned by a brigade of cavalry sent there. On the evening of the 18th, Rhodes was moved back to Stevenson's depot, and Gordon to Bunker Hill, with orders to start at daylight to return to his camp at Stevenson's depot, which place he reached at a very early hour next morning. About the time of Gordon's arrival on that morning,
ties, 630; terms disapproved by government, 631; President Johnson's action towards, 631; denounced by Stanton, 63; protected by Grant, 635; error in judgment of, 635; Grant's indignation at Stanton's treatment of, 636; final conference with Johnston, 633. Shiloh, battle of, i., 72-95; determination of troops on both sides, 95; false reports at the West of, 100. Sigel, General, Franz, in Valley of Virginia, II., 416; beaten by Breckenridge, 417; superseded by Hunter, 417-; evacuates Martinsburg, 432; removal from command, 436. Signals, in use by both armies, the same code of, II., 222. Slavery, cause of the rebellion, i., 2. Slaves rebel proposal to arm? III., 352; rebel apprehension regarding, 354; conduct of, during the war, 355; arming the, 356. Slocum, General II. W., takes possession of Atlanta, II., 546; in command of Sherman's left wing in march to sea, III., 283; in front of Savannah, 295; in campaign north of Savannah, 373; at battle of Averysboro, 428; at