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, the Governor was not idle. A constant correspondence was kept up with our members of Congress and the Governors of other States. Leading merchants, and other gentlemen of experience and wisdom, were daily consulted. The militia was strengthened. A cipher key was arranged, to be used in transmitting messages which required secrecy. The defenceless condition of the forts in Boston harbor was considered. In Fort Warren there was but one gun; in Fort Winthrop none at all; and, in Fort Independence, hardly twenty guns, and most of them were trained on the city itself. The casemates were unfit for human occupation. The grounds inside the forts were covered with workshops and wooden shanties; and, instead of being a defence to the city and harbor, the fortifications of Boston were a standing menace to them, and invited seizure by the enemy. The entire coast of Massachusetts was open to attack from sea; not a fort or an earthwork or a gun was in proper condition. There were neit
s of war, to be deposited, prior to distribution, in Faneuil Hall and the State House. On Saturday, the 13th of April, two days prior to the call for troops, the Adjutant-General, by direction of the Governor, had written to the Secretary of War, asking the privilege of drawing, from the United-States Armory at Springfield, two thousand rifled muskets in advance of the annual quota becoming due; also urging the President to order two regiments of volunteers to garrison Fort Warren and Fort Independence in Boston harbor, to be there drilled and exercised, until called by the President for active service in the field. Neither request was granted. While the troops ordered out were getting to Boston with all diligence, and making ready for instant departure, another telegram was received (April 16) from Senator Wilson, stating that Massachusetts was to furnish immediately four regiments, to be commanded by a brigadier-general; on receipt of which, orders were issued for the Fifth Reg
ousand percussion muskets at the armories, either at Quebec or Montreal. Will you ascertain if there is any way in which they can be bought? Governor to General John E. Wool, commanding Department of the East, New York: I have garrisoned Fort Independence, on Castle Island, in Boston harbor, with a battalion of infantry of one hundred and fifty men; and shall have another battalion of the same strength in Fort Warren, on George's Island, on Monday morning. I have a third battalion, which I can station at Fort Winthrop; and there are from two to three thousand volunteers, whom I wish to place under drill and discipline, in these forts. In Fort Independence, there are none of the casemate guns mounted, and no barbette guns on the face which vessels entering the harbor approach. In Forts Warren and Winthrop there are no guns. This important harbor, therefore, seems to be almost entirely undefended. I would therefore request you to order Captain Rodman [Watertown Arsenal] to suppl
he 24th of April, ordered the Fourth Battalion of Infantry, under command of Major Thomas G. Stevenson, to garrison Fort Independence, where it remained until the 21st of May. On the 29th of April, the Second Battalion of Infantry, under command ountil Nov. 18, 1861. On the 21st of May, the Fourth Battalion of Rifles, Major Samuel H. Leonard, was ordered to Fort Independence, where it was recruited to a regiment of three years volunteers, afterwards known as the Thirteenth Regiment. A casland; also, the Second Battalion, for garrison duty at Fort Warren, and the Fourth Battalion, for garrison duty at Fort Independence, one dollar a day, including rations to each man while in service; which was referred to Special Committee on Goverrganized at Fort Warren. It left Boston for Washington, July 23, 1861. The Thirteenth Regiment was recruited at Fort Independence. The Fourth Battalion of Rifles formed the nucleus of this regiment. It had been ordered, on the 25th of June, to
; and appointments continued to be made by the Governors of States, until the end of the war. On the same day, he writes a long and interesting letter to Major-General McClellan, thanking him for the assurance of your valuable aid in establishing our coast defences, furnishing instructors for our volunteer artillerists, and asking his influence to have a company accepted, the rank and file of which will be mechanics, riggers, carpenters, smiths, &c., for the special duty of garrisoning Fort Independence, putting the fort in order, mounting and serving the guns. This company was, long afterwards, raised and accepted, of which Stephen Cabot was commissioned captain, and became the nucleus of the Fort Warren Battalion. On the 13th of January, the Governor writes three letters, in regard to our coast defences,—one to the President, one to our Senators and Representatives in Congress, and one to Secretary Seward,—in which he argued the importance of the subject, and that the General G
addressed to him on other matters:— There is nothing new here that requires mention. Every thing, I believe, is progressing in the right direction. Camp day (North Cambridge) was broken up yesterday, and the recruits transferred to Fort Independence, which, I understand, will hereafter be the rendezvous for recruits for old regiments. If we could only have some energetic person appointed at the head of the recruiting service, and have two-thirds of the officers now here, ostensibly onl. We find the following note among the Adjutant-General's letters, dated April 20, 1863:— I have been ordered by His Excellency the Governor to proceed this evening to New York, to see General Wool. There is a man, a deserter, at Fort Independence, who is sentenced to be shot, and the Governor is very anxious to have the sentence commuted. General Wool has power to do it. If I am successful, I save a poor fellow's life; if unsuccessful, I will have the satisfaction of having done wh
th United-States Infantry, in command of Fort Independence, came up with a company of his men, and ry, Massachusetts Volunteers, on duty at Fort Independence, also came to the city; and upon represe A telegraph wire was laid, connecting Fort Independence and Fort Warren, which was completed Octmate relations this day established with Fort Independence. Colonel Jones, United-States Army, was at this time in command of Fort Independence. On the same day, the Governor wrote to Senatorbiads, miserable. Total, 107 From Fort Independence I crossed over to Fort Winthrop to see Mll be ready for the four 15-inch guns at Fort Independence this fall. He is ready now for fifty-fo The casemate armament of Forts Warren and Independence is complete. No foreign-made guns are inn. Co. C, 3. Captain Lyman B. Whiton, Fort Independence, 119 men. Co. D, 4. Captain C. F. Liv men claimed as drafted. The men are at Fort Independence. Company M (12), Captain J. M. Richar[1 more...]
been excited by the defenceless condition of the coast of Massachusetts; and as early as April 24, 1861, he sent a detachment of the volunteer militia to occupy the forts in Boston Harbor, in which, since the withdrawal of the garrison from Fort Independence for service in the South, the United States had left only one or two elderly ordnance-sergeants. These detachments were sufficient to guard the forts from being seized by a surprise, and held by the enemy; but the armament of the fort was so defective, that they could not have been defended against a serious attack. In Fort Warren there was only one old condemned gun; Fort Winthrop was equally manned; and, though Fort Independence appeared to be better protected, yet its few guns were so old, and of such small calibre, as to be in reality of little value. The other important points of the Massachusetts coast were either not at all or still worse prepared for defence. Earnest and unceasing efforts were made to induce the
dred and twenty-five dollars. Three hundred dollars' worth of poultry was also sent to the camp at Readville, and the same amount to Gallop's Island. Two hundred dollars' worth was sent to Fort Warren; one hundred dollars' worth was sent to Fort Independence; five hundred dollars' worth was sent to the United-States sailors at the Navy Yard at Charlestown; besides Thanksgiving supplies and money for the soldiers in barracks on Beach Street, and the Discharged Soldiers' Home on Springfield Streen, Elish and Joe, orderlies detailed at regimental headquarters. On our way, we stopped at the headquarters of the Eleventh Regulars, which had been ordered to New York. Here I met Lieutenant Bentzoni, who was for many months stationed at Fort Independence, and other regular officers whom I knew. We stopped here about an hour, and then passed on to Major-General Meade's headquarters, my intention being to pass the night with Colonel Rivers, of the Massachusetts Eleventh. Our route lay for m