whole ground around — knew every hill, ravine, and pathway — had made all the necessary arrangements and planned the battle.
Not knowing at what point of a semicircle of ten miles around Manassas the enemy would attack, his forces had to be scattered in such a way as to guard all points, prevent a flank movement on either side, and guard his intrenchments and supplies in the centre.
We got up in the morning at daylight, took a cup of coffee and remained quietly laughing and talking at Headquarters, while the scouts were passing in and out bringing news from the enemy.
At a quarter past six in the still, bright morning, we heard the first deep-toned sound of cannon on the centre of our line, about three miles off. We waited till nine for further information, and at nine the generals ordered to horse, and away we dashed to the hill overlooking the point at which cannon, like minute guns, had continued slowly to fire.
The enemy could not see any of our troops, but were firing at the