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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 2: bombardment and fall of Fort Sumter.--destruction of the Norfolk Navy Yard by the Federal officers. (search)
caused by the destruction of the Navy Yard, was the loss of at least twelve hundred fine guns, most of which were uninjured. A number of them were quickly mounted at Sewell's Point to keep our ships from approaching Norfolk; others were sent to Hatteras Inlet, Ocracocke, Roanoke Island and other points in the sounds of North Carolina. Fifty-three of them were mounted at Port Royal, others at Fernandina and at the defences of New Orleans. They were met with at Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Island No.10, Memphis, Vicksburg, Grand Gulf and Port Hudson. We found them up the Red River as far as the gunboats penetrated, and took possession of some of them on the cars at Duvall's Bluff, on White River, bound for Little Rock. They gave us a three hours hard fight at Arkansas Post, but in the end they all returned to their rightful owners, many of them indented with Union shot and not a few permanently disabled. Had it not been for the guns captured at Norfolk and Pensacola, the Confederat
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 15: capture of Fort Donelson and battle of Shiloh. (search)
rom erecting batteries along the banks; also to assure the inhabitants that they would be protected by the Federal government, and that the Confederates would soon be driven out of the State. These, however, are mere details of duty which cannot be brought out in a history of this kind. The fall of Forts Henry and Donelson compelled the Confederates to change their plans almost immediately. Their line of defense was moved farther South and was now established on the following points: Island No.10, Fort Pillow and Memphis on the Mississippi, a point in Tennessee near Pittsburg, and the town of Chattanooga. All of these points were strongly fortified and defended by large armies, thus closing up East Tennessee, and preventing our armies from marching southward. On the 15th of February, Gen. Grant was assigned to the new military district of West Tennessee, with limits undefined, and Gen. W. T. Sherman to the command of the district of Cairo. Grant commenced at once to concent
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 16: operations on the Mississippi. (search)
Operations against Fort Columbus and Island no.10. running of the batteries by the gun-boatsn the Mississippi, and had also re-inforced Island No.10. Gen. Pope, with an army of ten thousand me on the west bank of the Mississippi, below Island No.10, and he at once detected the weakness of th, with the mortar vessels, were lying above Island No.10, throwing shells into the enemy's batteriessburgh, silenced the heaviest battery below Island No.10 and spiked the guns, picking up a number ofjustice in these pages. The surrender of Island No.10 and the adjacent works opened the Mississipetter will throw some light on the siege of Island No.10, and give credit where it is justly due: d eventuated in the surrender to yourself of Island 10, and finally, to the capture by General Popeid of the flotilla above, the possession of Island No.10, and the adjacent batteries on the Tennesse6th, 1862. U. S. Flag Steamer Benton, Island No.10, April 11, 1862. Sir:--I have the honor [20 more...]
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 17: evacuation of Fort Pillow and battle of Memphis. (search)
ght of the fleet, but turned and attempted to escape. She was captured by a fast tug, with a body of armed men. under the command of Lieut. Joshua Bishop: she proved to be a valuable prize. At 8 P. M. the fleet anchored at the lower end of Island No.45, a mile and a half above the City of Memphis. The mortarboats, tow-boats, ordnance and commissary vessels, anchored for the night at Island 44. At daylight the enemy's fleet of rams and gun-boats, now numbering eight vessels, was discoverecious care of the wounded. With regard to Col. Fitch, who stormed and carried the fort with his soldiers, we have only to say that he exhibited that cool courage and judgment which he had always displayed since co-operating with the Navy at Island No.10. This victory, though a small one, was very important, as it opened the White River to our gun-boats and transports, and showed the enemy the futility of attempting to bar the way against our vessels with Confederate batteries. It also sho
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 19: battle of the forts and capture of New Orleans. (search)
her side of the river were at all times totally invisible, the best glasses failing to distinguish their bush tops from the trees around them. During the bombardment the only guns that were much used were the rifled guns, of which there were three, and the four 10-inch columbiads and Dahlgren 8-inch guns, eight in number. The mortars (in the fort) fired occasionally. One of the rifled guns, mounted on the fort proper before the bombardment, was sent two days before the fire opened to Island No.10. One of the rifles in the water battery was originally one of the barbette guns, a 32-pounder. It was sent to New Orleans to be rifled, and a week after the second one was sent; but the first, on trial, proving a failure, the second was not changed. The large columbiad in the water battery was made somewhere in Secessia, but exactly where my informant did not know. The fort was in perfect order when the bombardment commenced, it having always been very strictly policed, and the
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 26: siege of Vicksburg. (search)
inden, Signal, Romeo, Juliet. Forest Rose, and Marmora, light-draughts; the Taylor and Black Hawk, wooden armed steamers; Queen of the West, Monarch, Switzerland, and Lioness, rams; During the following month the Lafayette and Indianola, iron-clads, joined the fleet. The carpenter shops, machine shops, provision boats, ordnance department, hospital, etc., (all on large steamers) were ordered to the mouth of the Yazoo; also ten of the mortar boats which had been used by Foote and Davis at Island No.10 and Fort Pillow. Besides these, there were a number of tin-clads with light batteries stationed all along the river from Cairo to Vicksburg, each vessel having its beat. In this manner the Army transports were conveyed from one station to another, and the gun-boats performed this duty so efficiently that during the whole siege of seven months, the transportation of troops and stores was not interrupted. The guerillas along the bank were so handled by these small vessels, and so sum