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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 14: battle and capture of Fort Henry by the Navy. (search)
of the Alleghany Mountains). These armies threatened Northern Kentucky and protected Nashville and Middle Tennessee. At the centre of this strategic line the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers formed the natural avenues into all the disputed territory north of the cotton States. These two streams approach within twelve miles of ements from Danville and the mouth of Sandy River, as well as from Fort Donelson. The country around Fort Henry was all under water from the overflow of the Tennessee River, which impeded the movements of the troops on both sides. The rain fell in torrents on the night of the 5th of February, and Grant having an insufficiency of2, the iron-clad gun-boat Essex, whilst lying off Fort Holt, received orders from Flag-officer A. H. Foote, commanding the Western flotilla, to proceed up the Tennessee River, and anchor some five miles below Fort Henry, blockading the river at that point. The ironclads Carondelet, Commander Henry Walke; the Cincinnati, Commander
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 15: capture of Fort Donelson and battle of Shiloh. (search)
age to Halleck. the Army in front of Donelson. the gun-boats push up the Tennessee river. burning of the Confederate transports. Fort Donelson and its strategic nry still urged him to take Fort Donelson; that is, to get the control of the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers and be able to penetrate into the heart of Tennessee withe batteries before the army made its assault. But the great rise in the Tennessee River prevented Grant from completing his proposed movement. The water overflowntucky and Tennessee at once fell into the hands of the national forces — the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers were opened to national vessels for hundreds of miles. g down towards Columbus. or else they were employed on the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to deter the enemy from erecting batteries along the banks; also to assureo tidings of you here tonight. The Taylor has just returned from up the Tennessee River, as far as navigable. She, with the Lexington and Conestoga, destroyed or
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 16: operations on the Mississippi. (search)
sion of the capital of Tennessee. Foote finding there was nothing further to be done on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, turned his attention to Fort Columbus, which still held out, though by s information was to the following effect: At Corinth, Mississippi, eighteen miles from the Tennessee River, the junction of the Mobile and Ohio, and Memphis and Charleston railroads, there were fromifteen to twenty thousand Confederate troops; at Henderson Station, eighteen miles from the Tennessee River and thirty-five miles by rail from Corinth, there were some ten or twelve thousand more, wiesboro on Decatur, Alabama, the point where the Memphis and Charleston Railroad crosses the Tennessee River and joins the railroad leading to Nashville; showing that the Confederates were making everlabama and Georgia, with parts of North Carolina and Virginia. With the Cumberland and the Tennessee Rivers, and all the railroads in the Union possession, the rebellion would have been Commander J
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 29: siege of Vicksburg--continued. (search)
of all the movements of the enemy, and enabling me to make the proper dispositions to check him, exercising a most discreet judgment in moving the vessels to meet the rebels when there was no time to hear from me. The war on the banks of the Tennessee and Cumberland has been carried on most actively. There has been incessant skirmishing between the guerrillas and gun-boats, in which the rebels have been defeated in every instance. So constant are these attacks that we cease to think of them as of any importance, though there has been much gallantry displayed on many occasions. Lieutenant-Commanders Phelps and Fitch have each had command of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, and have shown themselves to be most able officers. I feel no apprehension at any time with regard to movements in that quarter. Had it not been for the activity and energy displayed by Lieutenant-Commander Fitch, Captain Pennock and Lieutenant-Commander Phelps, General Rosecrans would have been left wi
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 30: (search)
operations of Lieutenant-Commander Le Roy Fitch on the Tennessee River. attack on colored troops at Milliken's bend. attackportant services of Lieutenant-Commander Phelps in the Tennessee River. vessels employed at Vicksburg during the siege, within-chief of the Mississippi squadron to proceed to the Tennessee River before reporting at Vicksburg, and help put down the n3, Lieutenant-Commander LeRoy Fitch was patrolling the Tennessee River with the gun-boats Lexington, Robert, and Silver Lake.t of the Confederates were killed. The water in the Tennessee River becoming too low for the Marine Brigade steamers to opd much valuable service. After the Brigade left the Tennessee River the guerillas re-commenced their operations, but the cthe Mississippi from Cairo to Red River, and on the Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. The gun-boats were in divisions emander S. L. Phelps performed important service in the Tennessee River, his command extending from Fort Henry as far up strea
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 42: Red River expedition.--continued. (search)
d about that time gone to Chattanooga on a tour of inspection, and thought the Red River expedition of so little importance that he directed General Banks to send back A. J. Smith's command to Sherman after the 5th of May. General Grant was opposed to making any great effort to carry on the war west of the Mississippi, where it would take a large army and a large portion of the Navy even to hold the central portion of Louisiana, which forces would soon be wanted on the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers. All that was required was for Banks to hold New Orleans against General J. E. Johnston, who might pounce upon it if left unprotected. Banks had not troops enough in his command to authorize the withdrawal of a large force from New Orleans. All he could expect to do was to hold several points on the west bank of the Mississippi, forage in West Louisiana, and prevent supplies from crossing the Mississippi from Texas, and occasionally threatening Mobile, until such time as Grant should
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 43: operations of the Mississippi squadron, under Admiral Porter, after the Red River expedition. (search)
perations of the Mississippi squadron, under Admiral Porter, after the Red River expedition. Operations on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. suppressing guerillas. gun-boats co-operating with Sherman in expedition to Meridian. silencirs that might attempt to show themselves in an offensive attitude. While the squadron was employed up Red River, the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers became now and then the scene of active operations. Tennessee, lying adjacent to so many Southerederal armies. In February, 1864, Lieutenant-Commander LeRoy Fitch still commanded a fleet of gun-boats on the Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. The banks of these rivers were infested by bands of guerillas, who, posting themselves on promieir operations to some other quarter. With the exception of some trouble with the guerillas up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, the operations for the year 1864 ended favorably for the Union cause, as far as the Navy was concerned. The Confed
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 53: operations of the West Gulf Squadron in the latter part of 1864, and in 1865.--joint operations in Mobile Bay by Rear-Admiral Thatcher and General Canby. (search)
ting that a portion of the gun-boats should be kept at Galveston for the protection of the city! All the forts throughout the State as far as Brownsville were soon after garrisoned by United States troops, and thus ended the war in Texas. When peace was concluded, the Texans were determined to observe the terms religiously. These people had fought bravely and squarely, resorting to few, if any, of the tricks and offensive measures pursued by the home-guards along the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers; and when they laid down their arms and returned to their homes, it was evidently with the intention of not taking them up again except to defend the flag against which they had been so lately fighting. The gallant old officer, Acting-Rear-Admiral Thatcher, was relieved a short time after from his command, which he had conducted with vigor and remarkable judgment. He was made a full Rear-Admiral for the services he had rendered during the war, and no officer in the Navy better deser
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 55: operations of the Mississippi Squadron in the latter part of 1864 and in 1865. (search)
effective work performed by the Squadron in conjunction with the Army. destroying the Confederate batteries on the Tennessee River. General George H. Thomas compliments the Navy. General Hood's retreat and losses. the Confederate ram Webb. galpedition, was enabled to effect a secure lodgment near Hood's army. The efficient co-operation of the Navy on the Tennessee River, in fact, contributed largely to the demoralization of General Hood's forces, as the gun-boats chased the Confederating an ammunition-train of fifteen (15 or twenty (20) wagons about a mile beyond. Your official co-operation on the Tennessee River has contributed largely to the demoralization of Hood's army. Major-General A. J. Smith, commanding detachment ofn the history of the Mississippi Squadron, as the war was now drawing rapidly to a close. The retreat of Hood left the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers comparatively free from Confederates, and there was little prospect of another invasion of the St
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 58: conclusion. (search)
rts of the enemy, but could remind unfriendly nations that the more severely this nation was tested, the more she would rise in her strength. The State of Tennessee, the great prize and battle-ground (upon which the enemy expended a large portion of their resources, and through which they hoped to attack the northwestern States), was under the control of the gun-boats, and the Army was placed by their aid securely in the heart of the State. From the time a naval force was placed on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, the stay of the Confederate forces was very problematical, and it cannot escape the attention of the reader how persistent were the naval officers who commanded the Western Squadron in keeping open two rivers, which were in all cases the keys to the situation. Only two important points on the seacoast had been maintained by the enemy — Charleston and Wilmington — but, though they flourished for a time, afforded great assistance to the Confederate cause, and kept u