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Apollodorus, Library (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book 3 (search)
, ed. Bode, i.
pp. 47, 100 (First Vatican Mythographer 148; Second Vatican Mythographer 76).
The connexion which the myth of Zeus and Europa indicates between Phoenicia and Crete receives a certain confirmation from the worship at Gaza of a god called Marnas, who was popularly
identified with the Cretan Zeus. His name was thought to be derived from a Cretan word
marna, meaning “maiden”; so that,
as Mr. G. F. Hill has pointed out, marnas might signify
“young man.” The city is also said to have been called Minoa, after Minos. See Stephanus Byzantius, s.v.
*ga/za. The worship of Marnas, “the
Cretan Zeus,” persisted at Gaza till
402 A.D., when it was finally suppressed and his sanctuary, the Marneion, destroyed. See
Mark the Deacon's Life of Porphyry, Bishop of Gaza, 64-71, pp.
73-82, G. F. Hill's translation （Oxford, 1913）. From this
work (ch. 19, p. 24) we learn that Marnas was reg