urt the name of Chus; for the Ethiopians, over whom he
reigned, are even at this day, both by themselves and by all men in Asia,
called Chusites. The memory also of the Mesraites is preserved in their
name; for all we who inhabit this country [of Judea] called Egypt Mestre,
and the Egyptians Mestreans. Phut also was the founder of Libya, and called
the inhabitants Phutites, from himself: there is also a river in the country
of Moors which bears that name; whence it is that we may see the greateas now has been by
change given it from one of the sons of Mesraim, who was called Lybyos.
We will inform you presently what has been the occasion why it has been
called Africa also. Canaan, the fourth son of Ham, inhabited the country
now called Judea, and called it from his own name Canaan. The children
of these [four] were these: Sabas, who founded the Sabeans; Evilas, who
founded the Evileans, who are called Getuli; Sabathes founded the Sabathens,
they are now called by the Greeks Astaboran
he Flood, there was among
the Chaldeans a man righteous and great, and skillful in the celestial
science." But Hecatseus does more than barely mention him; for he
composed, and left behind him, a book concerning him. And Nicolaus of Damascus,
in the fourth book of his History, says thus: "Abram reigned at Damascus,
being a foreigner, who came with an army out of the land above Babylon,
called the land of the Chaldeans: but, after a long time, he got him up,
and removed from that country also, with his people, and went into the
land then called the land of Canaan, but now the land of Judea, and this
when his posterity were become a multitude; as to which posterity of his,
we relate their history in another work. Now the name of Abram is even
still famous in the country of Damascus; and there is shown a village named
from him, The Habitation of Abram."
THAT WHEN THERE WAS A FAMINE IN CANAAN, ABRAM WENT THENCE
INTO EGYPT; AND AFTER HE HAD CONTINUED THERE A WHILE HE RETURNED BACK AGAIN.
care of the preservation of Symeon, lest, by attempting
to hinder Benjamin's journey, Symeon should perish. He exhorted him to
trust God for him; and said he would either bring his son back to him safe,
or, together with his, lose his own life." So that Jacob was at length
persuaded, and delivered Benjamin to them, with the price of the corn doubled;
he also sent presents to Joseph of the fruits of the land of Canaan, balsam
and rosin, as also turpentine and honey. Of
the precious balsam of Judea, and the turpentine, see the note on Antiq.
B. VIII. ch. 6. sect. 6.
Now their father shed many tears at the departure of his sons, as well
as themselves. His concern was, that he might receive them back again safe
after their journey; and their concern was, that they might find their
father well, and no way afflicted with grief for them. And this lamentation
lasted a whole day; so that the old man was at last tired with grief, and
staid behind; but they went on their way for Egypt, endeavor
veral sorts of calamities, and those worse
than the foregoing, which yet had so generally afflicted them; for their
bodies had terrible boils, breaking forth with blains, while they were
already inwardly consumed; and a great part of the Egyptians perished in
this manner. But when the king was not brought to reason by this plague,
hail was sent down from heaven; and such hail it was, as the climate
of Egypt had never suffered before, nor was it like to that which falls
in other climates in winter time, As to this winter or spring hail near Egypt and Judea, see the like on
thunder and lightning there, in the note on Antiq. B. VI. ch. 5. sect.
but was larger than that which falls in the middle of spring to those that
dwell in the northern and north-western regions. This hail broke down their
boughs laden with fruit. After this a tribe of locusts consumed the seed
which was not hurt by the hail; so that to the Egyptians all hopes of the
future fruits of the ground were entirely lost.