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Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 3, chapter 4 (search)
badly the enemy departed, while the Greeks continued their march unmolested through the remainder of the day and arrived at the Tigris river.
Here was a large deserted cityThis city, called by Xenophon “Larisa,” was the great Assyrian city of Calah, mentioned in Genesis, X. 11, 12.; its name was Larisa, and it was inhabited in ancient times by the Medes. Its wall was twenty-five feet in breadth and a hundred in height, and the whole circuit of the wall was two parasangs. It was built of claronghold, deserted and lying in ruins. The name of this city was Mespila,The ruins which Xenophon saw here were those of Nineveh, the famous capital of the Assyrian Empire. It is curious to find him dismissing this great Assyrian city (as well as Calah above) with the casual and misleading statement that “it was once inhabited by the Medes.” In fact, the capture of Nineveh by the Medes (c. 600 B.C.) was the precise event which closed the important period of its history, and it remained under t