hundred and fifty years, superior to the rest in wealth and civilization.
The cause of its superiority is known.
About the year 1612, when James I. was king, there was a rebellion of the Catholics in the north of Ireland.
Upon its suppression, Ulster, embracing the six northern counties, and containing half a million acres of land, fell to the king by the attainder of the rebels.
Under royal encouragement and furtherance, a company was formed in London for the purpose of planting colonies in, and forced to settle upon the plains.
Some efforts, it appears, were made to teach them arts and agriculture.
Robbery and assassination were punished.
And, thus, by the infusion of new blood, and the partial improvement of the ancient race, Ulster, which had been the most savage and turbulent of the Irish provinces, became, and remains to this day, the best cultivated, the richest, and the most civilized.
One of the six counties was Londonderry, the capital of which, called by the same