as always a fortified outpost threatening the island, not only in earlier times but also recently, in our own times, when Sextus Pompeius caused Sicily to revolt. It was named Rhegium, either, as Aeschylus says, because of the calamity that had befallen this region, for, as both he and others state, Sicily was once "rent"Cp. 1. 3. 19 and the footnote on "rent." from the continent by earthquakes, "and so from this fact," he adds, "it is called Rhegium." They infer from the occurrences about Aetna and in other parts of Sicily, and in Lipara and in the islands about it, and also in the Pithecussae and the whole of the coast of the adjacent continent, that it is not unreasonable to suppose that the rending actually took place. Now at the present time the earth about the Strait, they say, is but seldom shaken by earthquakes, because the orifices there, through which the fire is blown up and the red-hot masses and the waters are ejected, are open. At that time, however, the fire that wa
e Symaethus and all rivers that flow down from Aetna and have good harbors at their mouths; and hedifferent set of colonists there and called it Aetna instead of Catana.476 B.C. And Pindar too cal here for "sacrifices" is "hieron." founder of Aetna." But at the death of Hiero467 B.C. the Catanng, took up their abode in a hilly district of Aetna called Innesa, and called the place, which is eighty stadia from Catana, Aetna, and declared Hiero its founder. Now the city of Aetna is situateAetna is situated in the interior about over Catana, and shares most in the devastation caused by the action of theust as wood-ashes nourish rue, so the ashes of Aetna, it is reasonable to suppose, have some qualitwn time, a certain Selurus, called the "son of Aetna," was sent up to Rome because he had put himsee was placed on a lofty scaffold, as though on Aetna, and the scaffold was made suddenly to break ut is covered with smoke and haze.
Over against Aetna rise the Nebrodes Mountains,Now the Nebrodici.[8 more...]