He bade them hoist sail, and so they did; and they turned the bows from the land, and sailed out to sea with a west-south wind three days, and saw a third land; but that land was high, mountainous, and covered with glaciers.
Possibly Newfoundland. They asked then if Biarni would put ashore there; but he said he would not, for this land seems to me not very promising.
They did not lower their sails, but held on along this land, and saw that it was an island; but they turned the stern that the land was good for nothing.
Then said Leif, We have not done about this land like Biarni, not to go upon it: now I will give a name to the land, and call it Helluland (flat-stone land).
Perhaps Labrador, where flat stones abound, or Newfoundland. Then they went to their ship.
After that they sailed into the sea, and found another land, sailed up to it, and cast anchor; then put off a boat, and went ashore.
This land was flat, and covered with wood and broad white sands wherever they
in the year of our Lord 1534. . . .
After that, Sir Charles of Mouy, Knight, Lord of Meilleraie, and Vice-Admiral of France, had caused the captains, masters, and mariners of the ships to be sworn to behave themselves faithfully in the service of the most Christian King of France.
Under the charge of the said Cartier, we departed from the Port of St. Malo with two ships of threescore tons' apiece burden, and sixty-one well-appointed men in each one. . . .
[Cartier sailed first to Newfoundland, and then made further discoveries.]
Upon Thursday, being the 8th of the month,
July. because the wind was not good to go out with our ships, we set our boats in a readiness to go and discover the said bay; and that day we went twenty-five leagues within it. The next day, the wind and weather being fair, we sailed until noon, in which time we had notice of a great part of said bay, and how that over the low lands, there were other lands with high mountains: but, seeing that there w
‘by water as by land!’ In the first watch of the night, Without a signal's sound, Out of the sea, mysteriously, The fleet of Death rose all around. The moon and the evening star Were hanging in the shrouds; Every mast, as it passed, Seemed to rake the passing clouds. They grappled with their prize, At midnight black and cold: As of a rock was the shock; Heavily the ground-swell rolled. Longfellow,
The death of Sir Humphrey Gilbert.
[Sir Humphrey Gilbert sailed from England for Newfoundland with a fleet of five vessels.
The largest of these (two hundred tons), fitted out by Sir Walter Raleigh, soon returned to England; the next in size was lost; and the three others were the golden hind, forty tons; the Swallow, of the same size; and the Squirrel, of only ten tons,— merely a sail-boat.
The loss of their largest vessel, or admiral, discouraged the crews very much; and they finally insisted on returning, as appears in the narrative which follows.
The original account is in <
Crowded. our ship so with codfish, that we threw numbers of them overboard again.
And surely, I am persuaded, that in the months of March, April, and May, there is upon this coast better fishing, and in as great plenty, as in Newfoundland; for the skulls of mackerel, herrings, cod, and other fish, that we daily saw as we went and came from the shore, were wonderful.
And besides, the places where we took these cods, and might in a few days have laden our ship, were but in seven fathoms water, and within less than a league from the shore; where,
Whereas. in Newfoundland, they fish in forty or fifty fathoms water, and far off.
From this place we sailed round about this headland almost all the points of the compass, the shore very bold; but, as no coast is free from dangers, so I am persuaded this is as free as any. The land somewhat low, full of goodly woods, but in some places plain.
At length we were come amongst many fair islands, which we had partly discerned
wood, which always costs us a great deal of labor.
By that time we had done, and our shallop come to us, it was within night; and we fed upon such victuals as we had, and betook us to our rest, after we had set our watch.
About midnight we heard a great and hideous cry; and our sentinels called, Arm, arm!
So we bestirred ourselves, and shot off a couple of muskets, and the noise ceased.
We concluded that it was a company of wolves or foxes; for one told us he had heard such a noise in Newfoundland.
About five o'clock in the morning, we began to be stirring; and two or three, which doubted whether their pieces would go off or no, made trial of them, and shot them off, but thought nothing at all. After prayer, we prepared ourselves for breakfast, and for a journey; and, it being now twilight in the morning, it was thought meet to carry the things down to the shallop.
Some said it was not best to carry the armor down.
Others said they would be readier.
Two or three said they wo
he clock, and the fleet seemed to be within a league of us: therefore our captain, because he would show he was not afraid of them, and that he might see the issue before night should overtake us, tacked about, and stood to meet them.
And, when we came near, we perceived them to be our friends,—the Little Neptune, a ship of some twenty pieces of ordnance, and her two consorts, bound for the straits; a ship of Flushing, and a Frenchman, and three other English ships, bound for Canada and Newfoundland.
So, when we drew near, every ship, as they met, saluted each other, and the musketeers discharged their small shot; and so, God be praised!
our fear and danger was turned into mirth and friendly entertainment.
V.—Governor Winthrop's night out of doors.
The governor, being at his farm-house at Mistick,
A part of Medford, Mass. The farm still retains the name which he gave it,—Ten-Hills Farm.
walked out after supper, and took a piece
Gun. in his hand, supposing he might see<