kansas, with all the forts and stations in the Gulf of Mexico, except the forts in Mobile Bay — are swept by one stroke of the pen from McDowell's Division of the South.
Next morning brings Sheridan an assurance from the Adjutant-General, Townsend, that his conduct is approved: to which assurance he replies by sending up his scheme for dealing with the Southern States; a document likely to be famous in the story of American Liberty.
No Spanish viceroy in Sicily, no Muscovite governor of Poland, ever asked imperial masters for such license as Sheridan asks of President Grant.
His scheme for governing the South rests on a proposal to have the chief citizens of these rich and prosperous States denounced by Government as outlaws and banditti, and delivered over to his subalterns for punishment!
This startling telegram to Belknap runs:
New Orleans: Jan. 5, 1875.
I think that the terrorism now existing in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas could be entirely removed, and co
having either father or mother born on foreign soil.
One in seven was therefore a stranger by birth, nearly one in three a stranger by blood.
No other foreign country has so many strangers on her soil.
Out of an aggregate approaching eight millions, who have come from all quarters of the globe into America, more than five millions have come from the British Islands and British America; nearly two millions and a half from Germany, including Prussia and Austria, but excluding Hungary and Poland. France and Sweden follow at a distance.
Of the non-European nations, China has supplied the largest number; after her come the West Indies and Mexico.
But the supplies of settlers from Asia, Africa, Australia, and America (excluding men of English race) do not amount to one man in every dozen men. Thus, the planting of America has been mainly done by persons sailing from English and German ports.
Are these migrations from English and German ports likely to go forward on the same grand