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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 0 Browse Search
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition 2 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Fribourg (Switzerland) or search for Fribourg (Switzerland) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal Union, the John Fiske (search)
significance. The old League of High Germany, which earned immortal renown at Morgarten and Sempach, consisted of German-speaking cantons only. But in the fifteenth century the League won by force of arms a small bit of Italian territory about Lake Lugano, and in the sixteenth the powerful city of Bern annexed the Burgundian bishopric of Lausanne and rescued the free city of Geneva from the clutches of the Duke of Savoy. Other Burgundian possessions of Savoy were seized by the canton of Freiburg; and after awhile all these subjects and allies were admitted on equal terms into the confederation. The result is that modern Switzerland is made up of what might seem to be most discordant and unmanageable elements. Four languages— German, French, Italian, and Rhaetian— are spoken within the limits of the confederacy; and in point of religion the cantons are sharply divided as Catholic and Protestant. Yet in spite of all this, Switzerland is as thoroughly united in feeling as any natio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Initiative and referendum (search)
r of signatures (generally from 5,000 to 6,000), demanding action upon any matter whatever, must be given attention by the council, which, after passing upon it, must submit it to the popular vote. This course must be taken even if a proposed measure is unfavorable to the council. Again, in a number of the cantons, the people have the right of veto power. In about a month's time after any measure has been adopted by the cantonal council it may he brought before the people by a petition, and according to their vote made to stand or fall. This veto power, however, may be said to be included in the referendum. In all the cantons, except Freiburg, the right of the people to have every important act of legislation referred back to them for adoption or rejection is now established by law. In recent years the principle of the initiative and referendum has met with much favor in the United States, and in several States there has been an influential movement to bring about its adoption.