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1863. Ordered: That Governor Andrew of Massachusetts is authorized, until further orders, to ranies of artillery for duty in the forts of Massachusetts and elsewhere, and such corps of infantry in Philadelphia is a hospital and home for Massachusetts officers; and the family are full of good to start the regiment under a stranger to Massachusetts. If in any way, by suggestion or otherwis. I have given my name to be forwarded to Massachusetts for a commission in the Fifty-fourth Negrohad to be kept secret, and the men sent to Massachusetts in small parties to avoid molestation or eand help us. The question is, will you of Massachusetts take hold? I hear there is some reluctancoat of treason and slavery through the State of Massachusetts. She was first in the War of Independknow Charles Sumner. I need add no more. Massachusetts now welcomes you as her soldiers. . . . received the following reply:— Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Executive Department, Boston, Mar[3 more...]
t the country. Surgeon-General Dale, of Massachusetts, reported on the Fifty-fourth recruits as is regiment than in any that had ever left Massachusetts; but this may have been owing to the fact ent the national flag, the State colors of Massachusetts, and the emblematic banners which the cord, attended with the repeated exhibition of Massachusetts regiments marching from home to the scenesthis vast assembly of friendly citizens of Massachusetts, prepared to vindicate by its future,—as ithe manly zeal, of the colored citizens of Massachusetts, and of those other States which have castoud hearts of citizens. To those men of Massachusetts and of surrounding States who have now madhe beginning till now, the State colors of Massachusetts have never been surrendered to any foe. Th of one of the dearest and noblest boys of Massachusetts. I need not utter the name of Lieutenantplete; but oh, how many there are of these Massachusetts sons, who, like him, have tasted death for[8 more...]
ral Hunter wrote the following letter:— headquarters Department of the South, Hilton Head, Port Royal, S. C., June 3, 1863. His Excellency, Governor Andrew, Massachusetts. Governor,—I have the honor to announce that the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts (colored) troops, Colonel Shaw commanding, arrived safely in this harbor this afwe get the sea breeze. You have probably seen the order from Washington which cuts down the pay of colored troops from $13 to $10. Of course if this affects Massachusetts regiments, it will be a great piece of injustice to them, as they were enlisted on the express understanding that they were to be on precisely the same footing as all other Massachusetts troops. In my opinion they should be mustered out of the service or receive the full pay which was promised them. The paymaster here is inclined to class us with the contraband regiments, and pay the men only $10. If he does not change his mind, I shall refuse to have the regiment paid until I hear fr
Shaw and Lieutenant-Colonel Hallowell conversed. The colonel asked the major if he believed in presentiments, and added that he felt he would be killed in the first action. Asked to try to shake off the feeling, he quietly said, I will try. General Beauregard reported his loss as three killed, twelve wounded, and three missing, which is believed to be an under-estimate. We found two dead Confederates, and captured six prisoners representing four regiments. The Adjutant-General of Massachusetts gives the Fifty-fourth loss as fourteen killed, eighteen wounded, and thirteen missing. Outside our regiment the casualties were very light. General Terry in his official report says:— I desire to express my obligations to Captain Balch, United States Navy, commanding the naval forces in the river, for the very great assistance rendered to me, and to report to the commanding general the good services of Captain Rockwell and his battery, and the steadiness and soldierly conduct of
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 5: the greater assault on Wagner. (search)
cifically stated in a letter which appeared in the Army and Navy Journal, of New York City, written by Asst.-Surg. John T. Luck, U. S. N., who was captured while engaged in assisting our wounded during the morning of July 19, that Gen. Johnson Hagood, who had succeeded General Taliaferro in command of Battery Wagner that morning, was responsible for the deed. The following is extracted from that letter:— . . . While being conducted into the fort, I saw Colonel Shaw of the Fifty-four Massachusetts (colored) Regiment lying dead upon the ground just outside the parapet. A stalwart negro man had fallen near him. The Rebels said the negro was a color sergeant. The colonel had been killed by a rifle-shot through the chest, though he had received other wounds. Brigadier-General Hagood, commanding the Rebel forces, said to me: I knew Colonel Shaw before the war, and then esteemed him. Had he been in command of white troops, I should have given him an honorable burial; as it is, I shal
a. There was no firing of consequence that night. In the morning the Fifty-fourth was moved forward into the trenches. Capt. D. A. Partridge, left sick in Massachusetts, joined July 21, and, as senior officer, assumed command. Preparations were made for a bombardment of Sumter as well as for the siege of Wagner. Work beganed but a few score of men, and this appointment seemed as if given to secure him command commensurate with the rank he held. It gave rise to much criticism in Massachusetts as well as in the regiment, for it was made contrary to custom and without the knowledge of Governor Andrew. Though silently dissatisfied, the officers renderurth details day and night with more or less officers and men at the front, the casualties in the regiment during the siege as given by the Adjutant-General of Massachusetts were but four killed and four wounded. Shortly after the fall of Wagner the following order was issued to the troops. Department of the South, Morris Isl
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 7: bombardment of Charleston. (search)
tanding the generous action of the State authorities, the men of the Fifty-fourth had enlisted as other soldiers from Massachusetts, and that they would serve without pay until mustered out, rather than accept from the United States less than the amall he distinctly told us that we were to be subsisted, clothed, paid, and treated in all respects the same as other Massachusetts soldiers. Again, on the presentation of flags to the regiment at Camp Meigs, the Governor reiterated this promise, othe United States paymaster, contenting ourselves with a simple refusal to acknowledge ourselves different from other Massachusetts soldiers. Once, in the face of insult and intimidation such as no body of men and soldiers were ever subjected to bether things he wrote,— They are not willing that the Federal Government should throw mud upon them, even though Massachusetts stands ready to wipe it off. And perhaps it is not unsoldierly in a soldier, white or black, to object to being insul
tates Colored Troops went into line on the left. Henry, with the Fortieth Massachusetts (mounted) and the Massachusetts Cavalry Battalion, held the flanks. Opposeezar of Company D, found breath to shout their battle-cry, Three cheers for Massachusetts and seven dollars a month! As the Fifty-fourth advanced, the field hospitaever. Our losses in the Fifty-fourth are given by the Adjutant-General of Massachusetts as three officers wounded, and of enlisted men thirteen killed, sixty-three rest after the march of twenty-two miles that day. The Adjutant-General of Massachusetts reported that the Fifty-fourth marched 120 miles in 102 hours, yet the roll in one hundred papers of the United States calling colored men to arms for Massachusetts. The War Department knew of it. It was a government contract. The Governmhe enlisted men of every company of the Fifty-fourth, which was done. In Massachusetts the friends of the regiment were, through the committee, doing much to aid
. On May 12, a private of Company B, for refusing duty, was slightly wounded by a pistol-shot from an officer; and on the 21st another man (of Company H) was shot at and slightly wounded by an officer for a similar offence. This summary punishment inflicted was effective in its results to the command. Colonel Hallowell on June 4 informed Governor Andrew that the regiment had not been paid, and requested that he demand of the Secretary of War that the Fifty-fourth be paid or sent to Massachusetts for muster-out, as the contract was broken. For the further security of Black Island, early in May, Company E was ordered to encamp within the fort to guard against sudden attack; and Lieutenant Spear, in charge of the picket-boats from there, placed a boom of barrels, connected by chains, across the creek, in advance of his night stations. While visiting the pickets in the patrolboat after dark, Captain Homans on one occasion discovered a floating torpedo, which he secured and broug
strict of Beaufort, Oct. 17, 1864. my dear Colonel,—I have received your letter of the 7th, forwarding $1,545, as a contribution from the enlisted men of your regiment to the monument soon to be erected in memory of their former colonel, Robert Gould Shaw, and those who fell with him in the assault on Fort Wagner. Please inform the donors that their generous contribution with that contributed by the freedmen in this Department makes the fund now about $3,000. It is safely invested in Massachusetts interest-bearing bonds. The glorious work which our armies in the field and patriots at home are now doing means that the day is not far distant when a granite shaft shall stand unmolested on South Carolina soil, to mark the spot where brave men died, not, as recent developments have shown, alone as soldiers, but as martyrs in the cause of Freedom. When for a month under my command, your brave regiment guarded so vigilantly and so soldierly six hundred Rebel officers near the spot wher
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