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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Annual Reunion of the Association of the Army of Northern Virginia. (search)
tes them by a chain of mighty States to the cliffs of the rude Atlantic. Massachusetts the mother of secession. Sentiment or considerations of abstract right hy for what she styled the abuse of the powers of the general government. Massachusetts, the mother of secession, which she had taught to her sister colonies in 17e administration of Washington, and at that time United States senator from Massachusetts, in a letter referring to what he considered the abuse of the Federal power of our Revolution point to the remedy—a separation. * * * It must begin in Massachusetts. The proposition would be welcomed in Connecticut, and could we doubt of Nnocked at the door of the Union for admission as a State, Josiah Quincy, of Massachusetts, said upon the floor of Congress, If this bill passes, it is my deliberate t ended only when Lee laid down his arms at Appomattox. I have said that Massachusetts was the mother of secession—nor need she or any other State be ashamed to o
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Life, services and character of Jefferson Davis. (search)
rmer friendship, from recent defection to the time when Massachusetts and Virginia, the stronger brothers of our family, stoohe groups of colonists which settled in Virginia and in Massachusetts, and which they think impressed upon the incipient civis not the first statute establishing slavery enacted in Massachusetts in 1641, with a certain comic comprehensiveness providistill existed in every one of the thirteen States, save Massachusetts only. True, its decay had begun where it was no longerf the Union. While Jefferson was annexing Louisiana, Massachusetts legislators were declaring against it as forming a new xed, and Jefferson Davis was in Congress advocating it, Massachusetts was declaring it unconstitutional, and that any such alie then assumed was the same that he had occupied when Massachusetts had been arraigned at the bar of the Senate, and when tion then was the same as it is now. I then said that if Massachusetts chose to take the last step which separates her from th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The unveiling. [Richmond Dispatch, June 10, 1890.] (search)
oser interpretation of that instrument, while the South as strenuously clung to the strict construction of the fathers of the Republic. Deeper than the question of slavery lay the essential cause of the great civil conflict—but slavery furnished the occasion, and as the North became more radical in its demands, and nullified with fiercer passion the explicit guarantees of the Constitution, the South met defiance with defiance, and finally claimed the right of secession, which not even Massachusetts had denied previous to 1830—nay, a right which that State explicitly affirmed by legislative resolution as late as 1845. The North was strong and resolute, and how terribly in earnest was the South may be gauged by the simple fact that five millions of people, destitute of arms and arsenals, shut off from the outer world by a rigorous blockade, ringed around by steel and fire, took twenty-two millions by the throat—a people rich in all appliances of war, with ports wide open, and Eur<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Development of the free soil idea in the United States. (search)
to contract in the Dominion of Canada and the Northern American colonies, owing to the unprofitable conditions of slave labor upon the one hand, and the development and the assertion of equal and universal rights upon the other, so that in 1784, Rhode Island had led the way in the interdiction of importing slaves into her territory, and in the year following enacted a law for their gradual emancipation. When the census of 1840 was taken, she had but five slaves left within her borders. Massachusetts, by her bill of rights, abolished slavery in 1780, and the act went into full effect by the decision of her courts in 1783, and no slaves are shown by the census of 1790. In the same year Pennsylvania barred the further introduction of slaves, and also enacted a law for their gradual emancipation, and the census taken in 1840 found but sixty-four in servitude within her boundaries. In 1784 Connecticut followed her example, and in 1840 she had only seventeen persons in voluntary servit
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 17. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Index. (search)
e of, in the War, 238. Savannah, Ga., The Siege and Evacuation of, December, 1864, by Colonel C. C. Jones, Jr., Ll.D., 60 Schofield, General J. M., 348. Scotch-Irish, The, 5. Scott's, General W., Estimate of Lee, 319. Secession, Massachusetts the Mother of, 91; Right of 145; Opposition of the South to, 223; Of the South, 219 Seven Pines, The Battle of, 322. Sharpsburg, The Battle of, 325. Skinker, Major Charles R, 285. Slavery, The Effect of, 7; Unity of the Southern Colonies Against, 135; in Massachusetts, 136; Sentiments of Lincoln Regarding, 137; Decay of, in the North and Growth of, in the South 138; Discussed, 217; Questions Connected with, 226. Smith, General G. W., 74. Smith, Colonel, L. Jacquelin, 68. Smith, Hon. W. E., Death of, 62. Smith, Hon. W. N. H., Death of, 62. Sons of Veterans, The, 254, 279. South Carolina Troops at the Dedication of the Lee Monument, 267. South, The, Directing Men from, 5, 12; Stands for Race Integrity, 14