f Pennsylvania, was selected in his stead.
Mr. Polk had been an early, and was a zealous, champion of Annexation, as always of every proposition or project calculated to aggrandize the Slave Power.
The Convention, in its platform,
Resolved, That our title to the whole
That is, up to 54° 40′; including what is now British Columbia. territory of Oregon is clear and unquestionable; that no portion of the same ought to be ceded to England or any other power; and that the reoccupation of Oregon, and the reannexation of Texas, at the earliest practicable period, are great American measures, which the Convention recommends to the cordial support of the Democracy of the Union.
Col. Thomas H. Benton, in a speech in the Senate, May 6, had set forth the objections to Messrs. Tyler and Calhoun's Treaty of Annexation, on the ground of its assuming, on the one hand, to cede, and on the other, to accept and maintain, the entire territory claimed by Texas, including all that portion of Ne
To swell the resistless tide, Minnesota and Oregon--both in the extreme North--each framed a Statwith the dominant party--Minnesota by a small, Oregon by an overwhelming, majority — the two swellin one increased to nearly 6,000. California and Oregon still adhered to Democracy of the most pro-Slaenty-four. Indiana, Minnesota, California, and Oregon, were still represented by Democrats, as were on, of Ark., Johnson, of Tenn., Kennedy, Lano (Oregon), Latham, Mallory, Mason, Nicholson, Pearce, Piana, Gwin and Latham, of California, Lane, of Oregon--in all, seven from Free States; with Messrs. ittee from all the Free States but California, Oregon, and Massachusetts--States entitled to choose Tennessee, 11; Kentucky, 9 1/2; California, 4; Oregon, 3--138.
Hereupon, Mr. L. P. Walker, of Al S. Dickinson, of New York, 7; Joseph Lane, of Oregon, 6; Isaac Toucey, of Connecticut, 2 1/2; Jeffeania, New Jersey, Connecticut, California, and Oregon--the leaders of the Democracy in previous cont
The three Lincoln Electors who had to confront the full vote of the coalesced anti-Republican parties were defeated by about 4,500 majority.
And, although this was not ascertained that night, nor yet the fact that California and Oregon had gone with the other free States, yet there were 169 Lincoln Electors chosen (out of 303) outside of these three States; with, these, Mr. Lincoln had 180, to 123 for all others.
Of these, Breckinridge had 72; Bell 39 (from Virginia, Kentucky,4
Indiana 139,033 115,509 12,295 5,306
Illinois 172,161 160,215 2,404 4,913
Michigan 88,480 65,057 805 405
Wisconsin 86,110 65,021 888 161
Minnesota 22,069 11,920 748 62
Iowa 70,409 55,111 1,048 1,748
California 39,173 38,516 34,334 6,817
Oregon 5,270 3,951 5,006 183
Total Free States 1,831,180 1,128,049 279,211 130,151
States. Lincoln. Douglas. Breckinridge. Bell.
Delaware 3,815 1,023 7,337 3,864
Maryland 2,294 5,966 42,482 41,760
Virginia 1,929 16,290 74,3
-25 [all Republicans].
Nays.--Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bragg, Bright, Clingman, Crittenden, Fitch, Green, Gwin, Hunter, Johnson, of Tennessee, Kennedy, Lane, of Oregon, Mason, Nicholson, Pearce, Polk, Powell, Pugh, Rice, Saulsbury, and Sebastian-23 [all Democrats, but two Bell-Conservatives, in italics].
Messrs. Iverson, of after acquired north of latitude 36° 30′ and east of the crest of the Rocky Mountains, shall constitute another section, to be known as the West.
The States of Oregon and California, and ceive the wisdom of dividing a legislature into two houses--once compared said device to that of a Dutchman, who, having a loaded wagon stucbmitting the resolve which had been offered in the Senate by Mr. Clark, of N. H., and which has already been given.
Messrs. Birch, of California, and Stout, of Oregon, submitted a separate minority report, proposing a Convention of the States to amend the Federal Constitution.
This proposal had been voted down by 15 to 14 in t