he island, not only in earlier times but also recently, in our own times, when Sextus Pompeius caused Sicily to revolt. It was named Rhegium, either, as Aeschylus says, because of the calamity that had befallen this region, for, as both he and others state, Sicily was once "rent"Cp. 1. 3. 19 and the footnote on "rent." from the continent by earthquakes, "and so from this fact," he adds, "it is called Rhegium." They infer from the occurrences about Aetna and in other parts of Sicily, and in Lipara and in the islands about it, and also in the Pithecussae and the whole of the coast of the adjacent continent, that it is not unreasonable to suppose that the rending actually took place. Now at the present time the earth about the Strait, they say, is but seldom shaken by earthquakes, because the orifices there, through which the fire is blown up and the red-hot masses and the waters are ejected, are open. At that time, however, the fire that was smouldering beneath the earth, together wi
cily are to be seen about the Liparaean Islands and Lipara itself. The islands are seven in number, but the largest is Lipara (a colony of the Cnidians), which, Thermessa excepted, lies nearest to Sicily. It was formers in revenues,Diod. Sic. 5.10 says: "This island" (Lipara) "has the far-famed mines of styptic earth, from whvenues." and hot springs, and fire blasts. Between Lipara and Sicily is Thermessa, which is now called Hiera topic which follows that at which I digressed.
Of Lipara, then, and Thermessa I have already spoken. As forto the left than the others, to those who sail from Lipara to Sicily.This would not be true if one sailed the o obviously has in mind the voyage from the city of Lipara to Cape Pelorias. Again, many times flames have bey, lost some of its occupants and barely escaped to Lipara with the rest, who would at times become senseless o Didyme thirty, and thence to the northern part of Lipara twenty-nine, and thence to Sicily nineteen, but fro