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War in Illyria Wherefore the Senate, by way of preparing to undertake this business, and foreseeing that the war Illyrian war, B. C. 219. would be severe and protracted, and at a long distance from the mother country, determined to make Illyria safe. For it happened that, just at this time, Demetrius of Pharos was sacking and subduing to his authority the cities of Illyria which were subject to Rome, and had sailed beyond Lissus, in violation of the treaty, with fifty galleys, and had ravaged many of the Cyclades. For he had quite forgotten the former kindnesses done him by Rome, and had conceived a contempt for its power, when he saw it threatened first by the Gauls and then by Carthage; and he now rested all his hopes on the royal family of Macedonia, because he had fought on the side of Antigonus, and shared with him the dangers of the war against Cleomenes. These transactions attracted the observation of the Romans; who, seeing that the royal house of Macedonia was in a flourishi
Description of Leontini The city of Leontini taken as a whole faces north, Description of Leontini, where Hieronymus was murdered. See Livy, 24.7. and is divided in half by a valley of level ground, in which are the state buildings, the courthouses, and market-place. Along each side of this valley run hills with steep banks all the way; the flat tops of which, reached after crossing their brows, are covered with houses and temples. The city has two gates, one on the southern extremity of this valley leading to Syracuse, the other at the northern leading on to the "Leontine plains," and the arable district. Close under the westernmost of the steep cliffs runs a river called Lissus; parallel to which are built continuous rows of houses, in great numbers, close under the cliff, between which and the river runs the road I have mentioned. . . .
Philip Takes Lissus in Illyria, B.C. 213 Philip had long had his thoughts fixed upon Lissus and Lissus founded by Dionysius of Syracuse, B. C. 385. See Diod. Sic. 15. 13. its citadel; and, being anxiLissus founded by Dionysius of Syracuse, B. C. 385. See Diod. Sic. 15. 13. its citadel; and, being anxious to become master of those places, he started with his army, and after two days' march got through the pass and pitched his camp on the bank of the river Ardaxanus, not far from the town. He found on surveying the place that the fortifications of Lissus, both on the side of the sea and of the land, were exceedingly strong both by nature and art; and that the citadel, which was near it, from its
but did not entirely despair of taking the town. He observed
that there was a space between Lissus and the foot of the Acrolissus which was fairly well suited for making an attempt upon
the town. had been no secret, a large body of men from
the surrounding country of Illyria had flocked into Lissus;
but feeling confidence in the strength of the citadel, they had
assigned a very moderate number
Philip V. In Illyria As soon therefore as the Macedonians approached, The Acrolissus taken by a feint, and Lissus afterwards. they began pouring out of the town, confident in their numbers and in the strength of the places. The king stationed his peltasts on the level ground, and ordered the light-armed troops to advance towards
rose without being observed, and advanced at a rapid pace.
At their approach the peltasts also wheeled round and charged
the enemy. On this the troops from Lissus were thrown into
confusion, and, after a straggling retreat, got safely back into
the town; while the garrison which had abandoned the citadel
got cut off from it een
lying in ambush. The result accordingly was that what
seemed hopeless, namely the capture of the citadel, was
effected at once and without any fighting; while Lissus did
not fall until next day, and then only after desperate struggles,
the Macedonians assaulting with vigour and even terrific fury.
Thus Philip having, beyond al