Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Cantabrigia (United Kingdom) or search for Cantabrigia (United Kingdom) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brownists, (search)
Brown. The sect sprang up towards the close of the sixteenth century. As early as 1580, Brown began to inveigh against the ceremonies of the Church of England. Being opposed by the bishops, he and his congregation left England, and settled in Zealand, where they formed a church upon a model to suit themselves. The seed he had planted in England grew so abundantly that at the close of the century there were about 20,000 Brownists in the realm. Of that sect were Rev. Mr. Robinson, Elder Brewster, and the congregation at Leyden in 1620. The founder of this sect was born about the year 1550, and died about 1630. His family were closely connected with Cecil, afterwards Lord Burleigh. Educated at Cambridge, as soon as he left college he began a vigorous opposition to the whole discipline and liturgy of the Established Church. He taught that all the members of a church were equal, and that the pastor should be chosen by the congregation. See Bradford. William: The First Dialogue.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coke, Sir Edward 1552-1634 (search)
Coke, Sir Edward 1552-1634 Jurist; born at Mileham, Norfolk, England, Feb. 1, 1552; educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, Clifford's Inn, and the Inner Temple; began the practice of law in 1578, and quickly rose to the highest rank. Passing through different grades of judicial office, he became lord chief-justice of England, opposed in his whole course by a powerful rival, Francis Bacon. Coke was a violent and unscrupulous man, and carried his points in court and in politics by sheer audacity, helped by tremendous intellectual force. As attorney-general, he conducted the prosecution of Sir Walter Raleigh with shameful unfairness; and from the beginning of his reign King James I. feared and hated him, but failed to suppress him. Coke was in the privy council and in Parliament in 1621 when the question of monopolies by royal grants was brought before the House in the case of the council of Plymouth and the New England fisheries. Coke took ground against the validity of the pa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cornwallis, Lord Charles 1738-1805 (search)
Cornwallis, Lord Charles 1738-1805 Military officer; born in London, Dec. 31, 1738; was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and entered the army as captain when twenty years of age. In the House of Lords he opposed the measures that caused the war with the Americans; yet he accepted the commission of major-general and the command of an expedition against the Carolinas under Sir Peter Parker in 1776. He commanded the reserves of the British in the battle on Long Island in August; was outgeneralled by Washington at Princeton; was with Howe on the Brandywine and in the capture of Philadelphia, when he returned to England, but soon came back; was at the capture of Charleston in May, 1780; was commander of the British troops in the Carolinas that year; defeated Gates near Camden in August; fought Greene at Guildford Court-house early in 1781; invaded Virginia, and finally took post at and fortified Yorktown, on the York River, and there surrendered his army to the American and French for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cromwell, Oliver 1599- (search)
t in obscurity. His family was connected with the St. Johns, Hampdens, and other English historical families. It is a curious fact that when he was five years of age he had a fight with Prince Charles, who, as king, was beheaded and succeeded by Cromwell as the ruler of England. He flogged the young prince, who was then with his family visiting Cromwell's uncle. As a boy he was much given to robbing orchards and playing unpleasant pranks. He lived a wild life at Sidney-Sussex College, Cambridge, whither he was sent in 1616. He left college after his father's death next year, and in 1620 married a daughter of Sir James Bourchier, when his manner of life changed, and he became an earnest Christian worker for good, praying, preaching, and exhorting among the Puritans. He became a member of Parliament in 1628, and always exercised much influence in that body. He was a radical in opposition to royalty in the famous Long Parliament. When the civil war began he became one of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Lancey, James, 1703-1760 (search)
De Lancey, James, 1703-1760 Jurist; born in New York City, Nov. 27, 1703; eldest son of Etienne De Lancey; graduated at the University of Cambridge, England, and soon after his return to New York (1729) was made a justice of the Supreme Court of that province, and chiefjustice in 1733. For two years, as lieutenant-governor, he was acting governor (1753-55), after the death of Governor Osborn. Judge De Lancey was for many years the most influential man in the politics and legislation of the colony, and was one of the founders of King's College (now Columbia University). He wrote a Review of the military operations from 1753 to 1756. He died in New York City, July 30, 1760.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Edward vii., Albert Edward, 1841- (search)
Edward vii., Albert Edward, 1841- King of Great Britain and Emperor of India; born in Buckingham Palace, Nov. 9, 1841; eldest son of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort; created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester a month after his birth; educated by private tutors, at Christ Church, Oxford, and at Cambridge. In 1860, under the guidance of the Duke of Newcastle, he visited the United States, where he received an enthusiastic welcome. President Buchanan and his official family extended to him a grand entertainment at the national capital, and the cities which he visited vied with one another in paying him high honors. The courtesies so generously extended to him laid the foundation for the strong friendship which he always afterwards manifested for Americans. After this trip he travelled in Germany, Italy, and the Holy Land. In 1863 he married the Princess Alexandra, daughter of Christian IV., King of Denmark, and after his marriage he made prolonged tours in many foreign
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eliot, John, 1754-1690 (search)
Eliot, John, 1754-1690 The Apostle to the Indians; born either in Nasing, Essex, or Widford, Hertfordshire, England., presumably in 1604, as he was baptized in Widford, Aug. 5, 1604. Educated at Cambridge, he removed to Boston in 1631, and the next year was appointed minister at Roxbury. Seized with a passionate longing for the conversion of the Indians and for improving their condition, he commenced his labors among the twenty tribes within the English domain in Massachusetts in October, 1646. He acquired their language through an Indian servant in his family, made a grammar of it, and translated the Bible into the Indian tongue. It is claimed that Eliot was the first Protestant minister who preached to the Indians in their native tongue. An Indian town called Natick was erected on the Charles River for the praying Indians in 1657, and the first Indian church was established there in 1660. During King John Eliot. Philip's War Eliot's efforts in behalf of the praying
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), George (Augustus) 1683- (search)
George (Augustus) 1683- King of Great Britain; son of the preceding and Sophia Dorothea; born in Hanover, Oct. 20, 1683. In his childhood and youth he was neglected by his father, and was brought up by his grandmother, the Electress Sophia. In 1705 he married a daughter of the Margrave of Brandenburg-Anspach, a woman of superior character and ability. He was made a peer of England the next year, with the chief title of Duke of Cambridge. He was a brave soldier under the Duke of Marlborough. In 1714 he accompanied his father to England, and was proclaimed Prince of Wales Sept. 22. The prince and his father hated each other cordially, and he was made an instrument of intrigue against the latter. The Princess of Wales was very popular, and the father also hated her. At one time the King proposed to send the prince to America, there to be disposed of so that he should have no more trouble with him. He was crowned King Oct. 11, 1727. His most able minister was Walpole (as he
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harvard, John 1607-1638 (search)
Harvard, John 1607-1638 Philanthropist and founder of Harvard College; born in Southwark, England, in November, 1607; graduated at Emanuel College, Cambridge, in 1635; emigrated to Massachusetts, where he was made a freeman, in 1637, and in Charlestown became a preacher of the Gospel. He bequeathed one-half of £ 1,500 for the founding of a college, and also left to the institution his library of 320 volumes. He died in Charlestown, Mass., Sept. 14, 1638
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Helps, Sir Arthur 1817-1875 (search)
Helps, Sir Arthur 1817-1875 Author; born in England in 1817; was educated at Cambridge. His publications relating to the United States include Conquerors of the New world and their bondsmen; The Spanish conquest in America, and its relation to the history of slavery; The life of Columbus, etc. He died in London, March 7, 1875.
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