owards virtue, or
at all events half-virtuous, and not base but only half-base.Nevertheless
oligarchy and tyrannyOligarchy is not
mentioned in what follows, and the context deals with the forms of monarchy.
Tyranny is included among the constitutions at 1312a 40, but not elsewhere
in this Book. Some editors bracket ll. 19-29 as spurious or out of
place. are less lasting than any of the constitutional governments.
For the longest-lived was the tyranny at Sicyon, that of the sonsi.e. descendants; Cleisthenes was his grandson. of Orthagoras and of
Orthagoras himself, and this lasted a hundred years.From 670 B.C. The cause of
this was that they treated their subjects moderately and in many matters were
subservient to the laws, and Cleisthenes because he was a warlike man was not
easily despised, and in most things they kept the lead of the people by looking
after their interests. At all events it is said that Cleisthenes place
does not say whether it will undergo revolution or not, nor, if it
will, what will be the cause of it, and into what sort of constitution it will
change; and the reason for this is that he would not have found it easy to say,
for it is irregular; since according to him tyranny ought to change into the
first and best constitution, for so the process would be continuous and a
circle, but as a matter of fact tyranny also changes into tyranny, as the
constitution of SicyonSee 1315b 13 n. passed from the tyranny
of Myron to that of Cleisthenes, and into oligarchy, as did that of
AntileonUnknown, cf. 1304a 29 n.
at Chalcis, and into democracy, as
that of the family of GeloSee 1302b 33
n. at Syracuse, and
into aristocracy, as that of CharilausSee
1271b 26 n. at Sparta
[and as at Carthage].This
clause seems an interpolation; cf. b 6.
And constitutions change from
oligarchy to tyranny, as did almost the gre