the land which Biarni had found last.
Then sailed they to the land, and cast anchor, and put off a boat, and went ashore, and saw there no grass.
Great. glaciers were over all the higher parts; but it was like a plain of rock from the glaciers to the sea, and it seemed to them that the land was good for nothing.
Then said Leif, We have not done about this land like Biarni, not to go upon it: now I will give a name to the land, and call it Helluland (flat-stone land).
Perhaps Labrador, where flat stones abound, or Newfoundland. Then they went to their ship.
After that they sailed into the sea, and found another land, sailed up to it, and cast anchor; then put off a boat, and went ashore.
This land was flat, and covered with wood and broad white sands wherever they went, and the shore was low. Then said Leif, From its make
Form. shall a name be given to this land; and it shall be called Markland (Woodland).
Perhaps Nova Scotia. Then they went quickly down to the
Parkman's Pioneers of France in the New World, p. 81. Another account of the same events, illustrated by the maps of the period, will also be found in Kohl's valuable History of the Discovery of the East Coast of North America (Maine Historical Society, 2d series, vol.
I), p. 320.
I.—Cartier's visit to Bay of Chaleur.
[Jacques Cartier was born in 1494, at St. Malo, a principal port of Brittany, France.
He was bred to the sea; and, having made fishing-voyages to the Grand banks of Labrador, he desired to make an exploration farther west.
For this purpose an expedition was fitted out by King Francis I. Of France, as is described below.]
The first relation
Description. of Jacques Cartier of St. Malo, of the new land called New France,
In the map of Ortelius, published in 1572, the name of New France is applied to the whole of both North and South America. The application of this name dates back to a period immediately after the voyage of Verrazzano; and the Dutch voya