Browsing named entities in William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2. You can also browse the collection for Hampshire County (Massachusetts, United States) or search for Hampshire County (Massachusetts, United States) in all documents.

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William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 1: introductory and explanatory. (search)
e which a great war entails upon a community engaged in it. In more than nine-tenths of the towns no military organizations had existed for at least thirty years; and, at the time of the first call for troops, the whole available military force of the Commonwealth was less than six thousand men, and those were chiefly in the large cities and towns on the seaboard counties. The volunteer, organized militia, in the great central county of Worcester, and the four western counties of Hampden, Hampshire, Franklin, and Berkshire, did not exceed one thousand men; and in the counties of Barnstable, Nantucket, and Dukes, there was not a solitary company or a military organization of any description. At the commencement of the war, no one, however wise, was farseeing enough to foretell with any degree of accuracy its probable duration, much less its extent and magnitude. A general impression prevailed that it would not extend beyond the year in which it commenced. The utmost limit assign
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 3: Berkshire County. (search)
Chapter 3: Berkshire County. Berkshire is the most westerly county in the Commonwealth. It is bounded north by Bennington County, Vermont; west by Rensselaer and Columbia Counties, New York; south by Litchfield County, Connecticut; and east by Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts. In parts it is rough and hilly, but has many beautiful and picturesque streams and valleys. The Housatonic and Hoosick are its chief rivers; the former empties into Long Island Sound, and the latter into the Hudson River. The Hoosack and Greylock, which are partly in the town of Adams, are its chief mountains. Under the former, a tunnel for a railroad, four miles in length, is being made; and the latter is the highest land in Massachusetts. Its largest towns are Pittsfield, the county-seat; and Adams, in which there are many large and flourishing manufactories. The largest portion of the people, however, are agriculturists. The Boston and Albany Railroad passes through the c
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 7: Franklin County. (search)
Chapter 7: Franklin County. This county is bounded on the north by Windham County, Vermont, and a part of Cheshire County, New Hampshire; east by Worcester County, south by Hampshire County, and west by the county of Berkshire. The surface of the county is elevated: the Green-Mountain range extends from north to south, presenting some of the wildest and most picturesque scenery in the State. The soil, however, broken by hills of no common height, is exceedingly fertile; its numerous valleys produce fine crops of grain and grasses; its mountain sides afford rich pasturage for cattle and sheep. The Connecticut River flows through its centre from north to south, and the Deerfield and Miller's Rivers pass through rich and beautiful valleys. It is a quiet, pastoral region, with here and there busy manufacturing towns. Greenfield is the shire town, and is widely known as one of the most beautiful of our New-England villages. The population of Franklin County in 1860 was 31,434,
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 8: Hampden County. (search)
Chapter 8: Hampden County. This county is bounded north by Hampshire County, east by Worcester County, south by Tolland and Hartford Counties, Connecticut, and west by the county of Berkshire. The Connecticut River passes from north to south through the centre of the county. Springfield, the shire town, is one of the most beautiful and enterprising cities in the Commonwealth. The Boston and Albany, and several other railroads, centre there. The United-States arsenal, for the manufacture of fire-arms, is located in Springfield. The Springfield Daily Republican has a national reputation for ability and enterprise. Some parts of the county are mountainous, but the principal part of it is rather undulating than hilly. The occupations of the people are farming and manufacturing, and altogether it is one of the most thriving and intelligent counties in the Commonwealth. The population of the county in 1860 was 57,866, in 1865 it was 64,438, which is an increase in five years
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 9: Hampshire County. (search)
Chapter 9: Hampshire County. This county is bounded south by Hampden, west by Berkshire, north by Franklin, and east by Worcester Counties. It is located in the centre of the alluvial basin of the Connecticut River; it has a rich soil and considerable water power, much of which is used for manufacturing purposes; it is also well provided with railroad accommodations. The county is divided into twenty-three towns, the largest and most important of which is Northampton, the county seat. The value of its agricultural and manufacturing products in 1865 was $13,143,957. The population in 1860 was 37,822; in 1865 it was 39,199, an increase in five years of 1377; the population in 1870 was 44,388, which is a gain of 5,189. The valuation of the county in 1860 was $17,737,649; in 1865 it was $20,510,994, an increase in five years of $2,773,345. The number of men furnished by the several towns in the county, according to the returns made by the selectmen in 1866, was three thousand
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 15: Worcester County. (search)
Chapter 15: Worcester County. This is the most central, and in territory the largest county in the Commonwealth. It crosses from New Hampshire on the north to the States of Rhode Island and Connecticut on the south; on the west it is bounded by the counties of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden; and on the east by Middlesex and Franklin. Worcester County contains fifty-seven towns, and one city,—Worcester. The soil is generally good; its surface is undulating and hilly; Wachusett Mountain is its highest elevation. The population of the county in 1860 was 159,650; in 1865 it was 162,923, being an increase in five years of 3,273. The population in 1870 was 192,718, being an increase since 1865 of 29,795. The valuation of the county in 1860 was $75,412,160; in 1865 it was $80,857,766, being an increase in five years of $5,445,606. According to the returns made by the selectmen of the towns and the mayor of Worcester in 1866, the whole number of men which the county furnished