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Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 472 144 Browse Search
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler 358 8 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 215 21 Browse Search
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 1 186 2 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 124 0 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2. 108 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 103 5 Browse Search
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2 97 15 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 92 0 Browse Search
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them. 83 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. You can also browse the collection for Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) or search for Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) in all documents.

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lized nations. When prosecuting the war with Mexico, we respected private property of the enemy; when in 1781 Great Britain, attempting to reduce her revolted American colonies, took possession of the country around and about Point Comfort (Fortress Monroe), the homes quietly occupied by the rebellious people were spared by the armies of the self-asserting ruler of the land. At a later date, war existed between Great Britain and the independent states of the Union, during which Great Britain be given. This was, by confiscation, to punish a class of citizens, in the emancipation of every slave whose owner rendered support to the Confederate States. Finally General Halleck, who succeeded Fremont, and General Dix, commanding near Fortress Monroe, issued orders not to permit slaves to come within their lines. They were speedily condemned for this action because it put a stop to the current of emancipation, which will be hereafter narrated. Reference has been made to our want of
previously made in connection with the proposition of going to Fortress Monroe, that the Merrimac, our Virginia, should first be neutralized. we ascertained that the enemy was concentrating his forces at Fortress Monroe, to advance upon our capital by that line of approach, all ourof the army he commanded in northern Virginia and proceeded to Fortress Monroe, and when the greater part of our army, under the command of GMcClellan had landed about one hundred thousand men at or near Fortress Monroe. See Report on the Conduct of the War, p. 319. Letter of Pre Paris, President Lincoln and his Secretary of War arrived at Fortress Monroe, and on May 8th an expedition against Norfolk by the troops unosing on these cheaply won laurels, the expedition returned to Fortress Monroe, leaving Brigadier General Viele, with some troops brought frosave the glory of capturing an undefended town. The troops at Fortress Monroe were numerically superior to the command of General Huger, and
the junction. Court martial of General McDowell, Washington, December 10, 1862. Let us first inquire what was the size of this army so crippled for want of reenforcement, and then what the strength of that to which it was opposed. On April 30, 1862, the official report of McClellan's army gives the aggregate present for duty as 112,392; Report on the Conduct of the War, Part I, p. 322. that of June 20th —omitting the army corps of General Dix, then, as previously, stationed at Fortress Monroe, and including General McCall's division, which had recently joined, the strength of which was reported to be 9,514— gives the aggregate present for duty as 105,825, and the total, present and absent, as 156,838. Ibid., p. 337. Two statements of the strength of our army under General J. E. Johnston during the month of May—in which General McClellan testified that he was greatly in need of McDowell's corps—give the following results: first, the official return, May 21, 1862, total
my in that direction. He encountered but little opposition, and reached the vicinity of the White House on the 29th. On his approach the enemy destroyed the greater part of the immense stores accumulated at that depot, and retreated toward Fortress Monroe. With one gun and some dismounted men General Stuart drove off a gunboat which lay near the White House, and rescued a large amount of property, including more than ten thousand stand of small arms, partially burned. General Stuart describhe official returns of the Army of the Potomac that on June 20th General McClellan had present for duty 115,102 men. It is stated that McClellan reached the James River with between 85,000 and 90,000 men, and that his loss in the seven days battles was 15,249; this would make the army 105,000 strong at the commencement of the battles. Swinton's History of the Army of the Potomac. Probably General Dix's corps of 9,277 men, stationed at Fortress Monroe, is not included in this last statement.
l steamers of the enemy, though they had heavier armament than the small vessels of our fleet, which have been enumerated. The Cumberland and the Congress lay off Newport News; the other vessels were anchored about nine miles eastward, near Fortress Monroe. Strong shore batteries and several small steamers, armed with heavy rifled guns, protected the frigates Cumberland and Congress. Buchanan no doubt felt the inspiration of a sailor when his vessel bears him from the land, and the excitemr as possible, was prepared for battle and cruise in the Roads, and, on April 11th, Commodore Tatnall moved down to invite the Monitor to combat. But her officers kept the Monitor close to the shore, with her steam up, and under the guns of Fortress Monroe. To provoke her to come out, the little Jamestown was sent in and pluckily captured many prizes, but the Monitor lay safe in the shoal water under the guns of the formidable fortress. An English man-of-war which was lying in the channel wi
to present what others have said and done. The subject is noticed in these pages only to show the desperate extremities to which the agents of the government of the United States proceeded in order to compass my ignominious death. Three principal measures were resorted to for the accomplishment of this object: the charge in the case of Wirz, above mentioned; the fabrications in the case now under consideration, and the cruel and inhuman treatment inflicted upon me while a prisoner in Fortress Monroe. At the session of Congress of 1865-‘66, a committee was appointed in the House of Representatives to inquire into and report upon the alleged complicity of Jefferson Davis with the assassination of the late President Lincoln, or words to that effect. George S. Boutwell was chairman of the committee, and the majority of the members were extreme advocates of the war. The charge emanated from the Bureau of Military Justice, as it was designated—a similar institution to the Secret Comm
esponse, twenty of our soldiers, mostly North Carolinians, were released from Bedloe's Island, New York, and sent to Fortress Monroe, to be discharged on condition of taking the oath, so called, of loyalty to the United States government. Thirty-sevebruary 14, 1862, an arrangement was made between General Howell Cobb on our part and General Wool, the commander at Fortress Monroe, by the terms of which the prisoners of war in the hands of each government were to be exchanged man for man, the ofs: About the last of March, 1864, I had several conferences with General B. F. Butler, then agent of exchange at Fortress Monroe, in relation to the difficulties attending the exchange of prisoners, and we reached what we both thought a tolerablpose. In the mean time exchanges of sick and wounded, and special exchanges, should go on. General Grant visited Fortress Monroe on April 1st, being the first time I had ever met him. To him the state of the negotiations as to exchange The nego
at the experiment should be tried. The enemy refused to let him pass through their lines or to hold any conference with him. He was stopped before he reached Fortress Monroe. If we would break up our government, dissolve the Confederacy, disband our armies, emancipate our slaves, take an oath of allegiance binding ourselves to e had finished, I inquired as to his main proposition, the cessation of hostilities and the union of the military forces for the common purpose of maintaining the Monroe doctrine—how that object was to be reached. He said that both the political parties of the United States asserted the Monroe doctrine as a cardinal point of their the bitter waters, and another bond than that of former memories and interests. This was supposed to be contained in the proposed common effort to maintain the Monroe doctrine on the American Continent. It was evident that he counted on the disintegration of the Confederate States if the war continued, and that in any event he
ions to General Johnston statements of General Johnston his surrender my movements South order of General E. K. Smith to his soldiers surrender number paroled I overtake my family my capture taken to Hampton roads, and imprisoned in Fortress Monroe. The invitation to General Johnston for a conference, noticed in a previous chapter, was as follows: Greensboro, North Carolina, April 11, 1865—12 M. General J. E. Johnston, headquarters, via Raleigh: The Secretary of War did noity, was brought to anchor at Hampton Roads. One by one all my companions in misfortune were sent away, we knew not whither, leaving on the vessel only Clay, his wife, me and my family. After some days' detention, Clay and I were removed to Fortress Monroe, and there incarcerated in separate cells. Not knowing that the government was at war with women and children, I asked that my family might be permitted to leave the ship and go to Richmond or Washington city, or to some place where they ha
. Powell, 173. Pulaski, 65. Randolph, evacuation, 62. St. Philip, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185. Steadman, 552; Gordon's report on attack, 552-55. Stevens, 446. Sumter, 63, 171, 352, 533-34. Walker, 63. Warren, 406, 421. Fortress Monroe, 7, 8, 67, 68, 82, 87, 128, 134, 420, 497. France, attempted arbitration, 318-20. Franklin, General, 73, 78, 79, 275, 286, 456. Benjamin, 229. Tenn., Battle of, 488-89. Frazier, General I. W., 356-57. Frazier's Farm, Battle of, 124-2591. Missouri. Subversion of state government, 399-401. Mitchell, General, 43, 46, 55, 184, 191. Mobile, Ala. Harbor defense, 172-73, 175-76. Monahan, Michael, 200. Monitor (frigate), 67, 85, 167, 169. Fight with the Virginia, 168. Monroe, John T. Extract from reply to Farragut, 194-95. Moody, Captain, 596-97. Moore, General, 339. Moran, Major, 596-97. Morgan, Gov. E. D., 89. Gen. John Hunt, 37, 324-25, 444, 472,473, 580. Morgan (gunboat), 173. Morris, Captain, 468. Capt