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ethel, it became the custom of the enemy to send out every few days scouting parties of infantry in the direction of our position at Yorktown. I determined to go at night into the swamp lying between the James and York River roads, remain quietly under cover, and, upon the advance of such a party, to move out upon its rear, and capture it if possible. In accordance with this plan, I concealed my troops in the swamp several nights, when finally a battalion of infantry came forth upon the James River road. I moved out in the rear of the Federals, overtook and attacked them upon the same spot where Colonel Dreux, of Louisiana, had been killed. Our assault in rear produced great consternation, and the enemy ran in all directions through the woods. However, we killed several of their number, and captured some ten or fifteen prisoners whom we sent to Yorktown, where the infantry climbed to the house and tree tops to see the first boys in blue I presume many of them had ever beheld.
d we remained during the day under a murderous fire of artillery, whilst our forces on the right were driven back in every attempt made to gain possession of Malvern Hill. The ensuing night the Federals retreated to Harrison's Landing, on the James river, and thus put an end to this bloody and fruitless contest. General Jackson marched, after this engagement, in the direction of Culpepper Court House, leaving my brigade with Longstreet. The battle at Cedar Run soon followed, and resulted in a brilliant victory for Jackson over Pope, whilst Longstreet remained with his corps in observation of McClellan's shattered forces at Harrison's Landing. A fleet of vessels, however, appeared on the James river to transport the Federals to another field of operations, and orders were issued to march to the Rapidan in the vicinity of Gordonsville, which point we reached about the 15th of August. My command had been increased by the addition of two or more batteries and a splendid brigade,
character as a soldier and patriot, are equal to any reward, and justify the highest trust. The recommendation to confer additional rank, as a testimonial, must have been hastily made. The law prescribes the conditions on which Lieutenant Generals may be appointed. Please refer to act. Jefferson Davis. October 3d, 1863. The subjoined extract from a letter of the Hon. Mr. Seddon, Secretary of War, addressed to Senator Wigfall will explain the endorsement of President Davis: Richmond, Va. October 14th, 1863. * * * * I have felt the deepest interest for your friend, and I trust I may say mine, the gallant Hood. He is a true hero, and was the Paladin of the fight. I need not say how willingly I would have manifested my appreciation of his great services and heroic devotion by immediate promotion, and but for some rigid notions the President had of his powers (you know how inflexible he is on such points), he, too, would have been pleased to confer the merited honor. *
apprised; it is true the matter was hinted about at the date of the occurrence, but I now, for the first time, receive the information from the highest authority. About the 26th of April, 1874, I met, in Mobile, the Honorable C. M. Conrad, of Louisiana. We were each en route to New Orleans, and in the freedom of friendly conversation, we discussed without restraint the subject of the late war. General Johnston's book was referred to, when Mr. Conrad remarked that Mr. McFarland, of Richmond, Virginia, a volunteer aid on the staff of General Johnston at the time of his retreat from Yorktown — had informed him, during the war, that General Johnston said to him (Mr. McFarland), on the retreat from Yorktown, that he (Johnston) expected or intended to give up Richmond. Mr. McFarland expostulated and protested; finally expressed to the Commanding General the hope that he would change his mind. I at once observed to Mr. Conrad that this fact was truly an important link in the history of
speedy success in Tennessee and Kentucky, and in my ability finally to attack Grant in rear with my entire force. On the 9th, I telegraphed to the Secretary of War: [no. 38.]headquarters Tuscumbia, November 9th. Hon. J. A. Seddon, Richmond, Va. Information received places Sherman's Army as follows: One corps at Atlanta, two corps at or near Marietta; and three at or north of Chattanooga. Heavy rains will delay the operations of this Army a few days. J. B. Hood, General. Alt. I informed General Beauregard of the President's opposition to my plan, and, on the 12th, replied to His Excellency, as follows: [no. 39.]headquarters near Florence, Alabama, November 12th, 1864. his Excellency, the President, Richmond, Virginia. Your telegram of the 7th received to-day. When I moved out from Atlanta, he (Sherman) came with five corps, and kept them united until I moved from Gadsden to this point, entrenching himself wherever he halted. It was only after I rea
Appendix. General Hood's report. The operations of the Army of Tennessee.Richmond, Va., Feb. 15th, 1865. General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General, Richmond, Va. General:--I have the honor to submit the following Report of the Richmond, Va. General:--I have the honor to submit the following Report of the operations of the Army of Tennessee, while commanded by me, from July 18th, 1864, to January 23d, 1865. The results of a campaign do not always show how the General in command has discharged his duty. Their enquiry should be not what he has doneeddon. headquarters, Army of Tennessee, Near Nashville, Dec. 11th, 1864. Hon. Jas. A. Seddon, Secretary of War, Richmond, Va. Sir:--On the 21st of November, after a delay of three weeks, caused by the bad condition of the railroad from Okoladquarters, Army of Tennessee, six miles South of Nashville, December 3d, 1864. Hon. J. A. Seddon, Secretary of War, Richmond, Va. Sir:--About 4 o'clock, p. m. we attacked the enemy at Franklin, and drove him from his outer line of temporary wor