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terial for a separate work; second, the loss of most of General Beauregard's official papers, from September, 1862, to April, 1864; in other words, all those that referred to the period during which he remained in command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. It may be of interest to tell how that loss occurred. When, in the spring of 1864, General Beauregard was ordered to Virginia, to assist General Lee in the defence of Richmond, he sent to General Howell Cobb, at Macon, for safe-keeping, all his official books and papers collected since his departure from the West. After the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston's army at Greensboroa, North Carolina, in April, 1865, he telegraphed General Cobb to forward these important documents to Atlanta, through which city he knew he would have to pass on his way to Louisiana. They never reached that point. General Wilson, commanding the Federal cavalry in Georgia, took possession of them while in transitu to Atla
a 15-inch gun cast here. It seems it can be done—at a high cost, it is true; but I have great faith in the weight of metal (about 500 pounds) which could be thrown from it. Three of such guns—one at Sumter, one at the Enfilade Battery, and one at Fort Ripley—would, I think, supply the place of a good boom across the channel between Sumter and Moultrie. Should you think favorably of the project, I hope you will support it towards the War Department. Why could not 10-inch guns be made at Macon, getting the iron from Spartanburg, which, I understand, is about the best in the country, according to General Ripley? Hoping to see you soon, I remain, yours very truly, G. T. Beauregard. 9. On the 17th the gratifying news was received that the Secretary of War had authorized the immediate casting of the 15-inch gun, and that through him Colonel Miles hoped to be able, erelong, to procure other 10-inch guns for Charleston. But the concluding part of the despatch spoke of Mr. Rando<
eached Charleston on the 25th of September, and immediately informed the President of the fact. The latter was then at Macon, Ga., the headquarters of General Howell Cobb, and on his way to confer with General Hood, at Palmetto, Ga. He instructed Gelitia. Am now en route for Hood's front. G. T. Beauregard. From Milledgeville, General Beauregard had to travel via Macon, Columbus, Opelika, and Newnan, to get to General Hood's headquarters, as the latter had already left Palmetto to operateld get with safety, as he had no escort with which to repel any hostile force he might meet on his way. He had stopped at Macon for a day to confer with General Cobb, whom he found, as ever, zealous and energetic, and who heard with joy how oil had been poured on the troubled waters surrounding Governor Brown. From Macon, fearing that Colonel Harris, whose illness had been reported to him, might not recover, General Beauregard telegraphed General Hardee, recommending General Custis Lee, Col
ere received by him relative to Sherman's advance on Macon. He determined to leave at once for that locality, reached the coast. General Beauregard arrived at Macon on the 24th, after many annoying delays at Meridian,als Cobb and Taylor. The latter had been ordered to Macon, to assist Generals Cobb and Hardee in the defence oard on or about the 4th of December, on his way from Macon to Augusta, where He arrived on the 6th of December,ninterrupted and fatiguing journey, from Montgomery, Macon, Milledgeville, Sparta, and Mayfield. He had thus r4th of November, was received by me on the road from Macon to this place. With the limited reliable means ateady had been decided upon. I then left Corinth for Macon, where I arrived on the 24th of November. I did nl Cobb informed me at the same time that at Augusta, Macon, and Columbus He had about six thousand five hundredollected at his reserve and convalescent camps, near Macon, two thousand five hundred more. Of these nine thou
t, just then, an easy matter to reach that point; for the railroad between Augusta and Montgomery had been destroyed, and a circuitous route, via Milledgeville and Macon, was the only one left; this unavoidably prolonged the journey and delayed General Beauregard in his effort to join General Hood's army. At Augusta, on his way Department South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida putting it under General G. W. Smith, who then had command of the Georgia reserves. General Beauregard reached Macon on the 6th of January, in the afternoon, and remained there a whole day, in conference with General Cobb in regard to military affairs in his district. It was aftelegram with reference to General Johnston, and showed it to the Secretary of War. I fear he will not be assigned to duty. General Beauregard had not yet left Macon when He received the following despatch from General Hood: Headquarters, Corinth, Jan. 3d, 1865. The army has recrossed the Tennessee River without; mate
eir way to join you. G. T. Beauregard. 6 Raleigh, N. C., March 29th, 1865. General Jos. E. Johnston, near Smithfield, N. C.: General Taylor reports Canby's army attacking Mobile from eastern side, and heavy force of Thomas's cavalry moving down through North Alabama. I wonder if Minerva has stamped on the earth for our foes? G. T. Beauregard. 7. Raleigh, N. C., March 29th, 1865. Major-General J. F. Gilmer, Chief-Engineer, C. S. A., Richmond, Va.: General Cobb and Mayor of Macon having represented iron referred to cannot be taken without serious injury to public service and to that city, I have authorized General Cobb and Colonel Meriwether to select the road from which iron should be taken forthwith. G. T. Beauregard. 8. Raleigh, N. C., March 29th, 1865. Lieut.-General S. D. Lee, Chester, S. C.: Send wagon-train by most direct route (dirt road) to Raleigh. Send your artillery to Yorkville, or best point on Broad River, for supplying men and animals. Rep
ihood, would reach Graham that day. General Beauregard, in his conference with the President, also told him that, from Macon, General Cobb reported that the enemy's cavalry had penetrated North Alabama, from the Tennessee River, threatening Tuscaer force of cavalry, supported by infantry and artillery, was advancing, through North Georgia, on Atlanta, Columbus, and Macon, where He, General Cobb, had but few troops, principally local and State reserves, to oppose to them. He reported furt Carolina, and move almost at will to the east of the Mississippi. They have recently taken Selma, Montgomery, Columbus, Macon, and other important towns, depriving us of large depots of supplies and of munitions of war. Of the small force still atbelieve the troops will not fight again. We think your plan impracticable. Major-General Wilson, U. S. A., has captured Macon, with Major-Generals Cobb and G. W. Smith, Brigadiers Mackall and Mercer, and the garrison. Federal papers announce capt
Cobb telegraphs the enemy would probably reach Macon on 20th. I cannot possibly reach there in tim Headquarters, division of the West, Macon, Ga., Nov. 26th, 1864. Special field order no. ast. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Macon, Dec. 3d, 1864. Genl. G. T. Beauregard: Or G. T. Beauregard. Corn. Hunter, on board of Macon, near Parysburg, S. C., care of Capt. Courtneyd at Meridian and Montgomery, and four days at Macon. The troops sent via Mobile will renew their e they will renew their supplies as well as at Macon. Your chief quartermaster and commissary wiAugusta, Feb. 5th, 1865. To Gov. Jos. Brown, Macon, Ga.: The crisis is again upon your State. Ies of the Army of Tennessee now at Augusta and Macon will remain at those points until further ordeHowell Cobb, Major-Genl. Telegram. Macon, April 7th, 1865. Genl. G. T. Beauregard: answer to what I was reported to have said at Macon, reproduces two letters: one from Mr. Memminge[16 more...]