Browsing named entities in John Bell Hood., Advance and Retreat: Personal Experiences in the United States and Confederate Armies. You can also browse the collection for Savannah (Georgia, United States) or search for Savannah (Georgia, United States) in all documents.

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y miles of Atlanta, was fifty-nine thousand two hundred and forty-eight (59,248); whilst the return of the 10th of July shows, just after crossing the Chattahoochee river on the night of the 9th, an effective total of only fifty thousand six hundred and twenty-seven (50,627), which, subtracted from the number we had when near Kennesaw Mountain the 10th of June, demonstrates a loss of eight thousand six hundred and twenty-one (8621), less six hundred (600) of J. K. Jackson's command, sent to Savannah. Therefore, it seems impossible that this General should wish to create the impression that nine thousand nine hundred and seventy-two (9972) was his entire loss from all causes, when, within the last twenty miles of his retreat, he lost eight thousand and twenty-one (8021) effective men. A vacancy in the ranks, brought about by desertion, is as actual and effective as if the soldier had been killed in battle. It is worse in its results, as the deserter generally takes with him his arm
mand of the Army. 3. There was no return (filed) of the Army made after May 1st, until June 10th. The return of June 10th gave, as effectives: Infantry 44,860 48,732 Artillery 3,872 Cavalry 10,516   4. The next return was made on the 1st of July. Effectives: Infantry 39,197 42,666   Artillery 3,469   Cavalry 10,023   On the 3d of July, at Vining's Station, the Fifth and Forty-seventh Georgia Regiments (about six hundred (600) effectives) left the Army for Savannah, under Brigadier General J. K. Jackson. 5. The next and last return made under General Johnston was on the loth of July. Effectives: Infantry 36,901 40,656   Artillery 3,755   Cavalry 9,971 (Exclusive of escorts serving with infantry.) This was the estimated force turned over by General Johnston to General Hood. 6. The report was made under General Johnston, and signed by General Hood. On the 18th of July the command was turned over to General Hood. The first return<
nsive movement of the enemy from Huntsville or Athens, across the Elk river. 2d. To securing against the passage of the enemy's gunboats another point (about Savannah or Clifton) besides Florence for the Army to recross the Tennessee, in the event of disaster. 3d. To giving still greater protection to Corinth, and the M. ast. That we have not thus far been more successful, none can regret more than myself; but he will doubtless be prevented from capturing Augusta, Charleston, and Savannah, and he may yet be made to experience serious loss before reaching the coast. On the i6th of November, when about leaving Tuscumbia, Alabama, on a tour of insch number must be added the thirteen brigades of Wheeler's cavalry, amounting to about seven thousand (7000) men. The troops which would have been collected from Savannah, South Carolina, and North Carolina, before Sherman's forces could reach the Atlantic coast, would have amounted, it was supposed, to about five thousand (5000)
f Atlanta. Thirty-four thousand (34,000) prisoners at Andersonville, Georgia, in my rear compelled me to place the Army between them and the enemy, thus preventing me at that time from moving oh his communications and destroying his depots of supplies at Marietta. A raid of cavalry could easily have released those prisoners, and the Federal commander was prepared to furnish them arms; such a body of men, an Army of itself, could have overrun and devastated the country from West Georgia to Savannah. The subsequent removal of the prisoners, at my request, enabled me to make the movement on the enemy's communications at a later period. On the night of the ist of September we withdrew from Atlanta. A train of ordnance stores and some railroad stock had to be destroyed, in consequence of the gross neglect of the chief quarter master to obey the specific instructions given him touching their removal. He had ample time and means, and nothing whatever ought to have been lost. On the