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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
istence departments, and the remaining machinery of the armory, were removed to Winchester by railroad, whence the machinery was transported over the turnpike to Strasburg, on the Manassas Gap Railroad, and the bridges over the Potomac were destroyed from the Point of Rocks to Shepardstown. The troops followed on the morning ofthe Baltimore and Ohio Railroad as he might select for the use of the Confederacy, or as much of it as practicable. It was to be transported to the railroad at Strasburg, on the turnpike through Winchester. The orders of the Government required the destruction of all that could not be brought away. It has been said In Dabne not profess to quote his words, but to give their meaning, which was done correctly. for it would have involved their transportation in wagons eighteen miles to Strasburg, and none were available for the purpose but those that had been procured for the troops, and were absolutely necessary for the march. Therefore they were prov
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 4 (search)
s, approaching with a Federal force greatly superior to his own, was within four miles of Winchester, General Jackson March 12th. fell back slowly before him to Strasburg — marching that distance, of eighteen miles, in two days. After remaining there undisturbed until the 16th, finding that the Federal army was again advancing, he fell back to Mount Jackson, twenty-four miles, his adversary halting at Strasburg. General Jackson's report, showing these relative positions, made with his usual promptness, was received on the 19th, when I suggested to him that his distance from the Federal army was too great for the object in view. In the note acknowledgitched on the 21st, he wrote that he was about to move his headquarters to Woodstock, twelve miles from the enemy's camp; and at half-past 6 A. M., on the 23d, at Strasburg, he expressed the hope that he should be near Winchester that afternoon; and at ten o'clock that night he wrote, in his brief manner, that he attacked the Federa
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
ten soon after his return from McDowell, was delivered to me. In it he described the position of the Federal army, near Strasburg, and asked instructions. These were given at once, and were to advance and attack, unless he found the enemy too strongly intrenched. Instead of moving directly on Strasburg, General Jackson took the road by Front Royal, to turn the Federal army. His movement was so prompt as to surprise the enemy completely. Ewell, who was leading, captured most of the troopnt Royal, and pressed on to Winchester, by the direct road, with his troops, while Jackson, turning across to that from Strasburg, struck the main Federal column in flank, and drove a large part of it back toward Strasburg. The pursuit was pressed Strasburg. The pursuit was pressed to Winchester, but the Federal troops continued their flight into Maryland. Two thousand prisoners were taken in this pursuit. After reaching the Chickahominy, General McClellan's troops advanced very slowly. Sumner's, Franklin's, and Porter's
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
the sake of discipline, that you have this rule enforced. It will save much time and trouble, and create the belief in the army that I am its commander; and moreover will enable you to see both sides of every case (the military and personal) at once. I have just received information from General Whiting that the enemy's forces near Evansport have just been considerably increased, both on land and on water. And from General Jackson, that from Moorefield the enemy has a graded road to Strasburg, passing a good deal to the south of Winchester. Most respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. E. Johnston, General. Headquarters, Centreville, February 25, 1862. To his Excellency the President: I respectfully inclose a copy of a report by Major-General Jackson. Brigadier-General Whiting informs me that Brigadier-General French and Captain Chatard think it impracticable to make the desired movement by water. I submit General French's letter on the subject. The land transport