hide Matching Documents

Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Strasburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) or search for Strasburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) in all documents.

Your search returned 19 results in 15 document sections:

1 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
neously dated the time of his departure on his first voyage May 29, 1497, or a year or more Before Columbus and Cabot severally discovered the Continent of North and South America. In 1505 a narrative of his voyages to America was published at Strasburg, entitled Americus Vesputius de Orbe Antarcticozzz per Regum Portugalliaa Pridem Zzzjurenta. From that publication, bearing the untrue date of his first voyage. Vespucius acquired the reputation of being the first discoverer of America. AlluSt. Diey, in Lorraine, then, as now, a German frontier province. At that time Vespucius was in correspondence with a learned German school-master named Waldseemuller (Wood-lake-miller), who was a correspondent of the Academy of Cosmography at Strasburg, founded by the Duke of Lorraine. Waldseemuller suggested to the members of that institution, under whose auspices the narrative of Vespucius had been published, the name of America for the Western Continent, in compliment to tie reputed disco
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Americus Vespucius, 1451-1512 (search)
erica. In 1504 Vespucius, in a letter to the Duke of Lorraine, gave an account of his four voyages to the New World, in which was given the date of May 29, 1497, as the time when he sailed on his first voyage. That was a year earlier than the discovery of the continent of South America by Columbus and of North America by Cabot, and made it appear that Vespucius was the first discoverer. After the death of Columbus, in 1506, a friend of Vespucius proposed to the Academy of Cosmography at Strasburg, upon the authority of the falsely dated letter, to give the name America to the Western Continent in compliment to its first discoverer. It was done, and so Columbus and Cabot were both deprived of the honor of having their names associated with the title of this continent by fraud. Vespucius died in Seville, Feb. 22, 1512. His first voyage. He started from Cadiz on May 10, 1497, and returned to that city on Oct. 15, 1498. His letter to Pier Soderini, gonfalonier of the republi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barton, Clara, 1830- (search)
rsing of sick and wounded soldiers of the army. In 1864 General Butler made her head nurse of the hospitals in the Army of the James. Later she was given charge by President Lincoln of the search organized to find missing Union soldiers, and in 1865 went to Andersonville to mark the graves of Northern soldiers who had died there. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out (1870), she assisted in preparing military hospitals, and also aided the Red Cross Society. In 1871, after the siege of Strasburg, she superintended, by request of the authorities, the distribution of work to the poor, and in 1872 performed a similar work in Paris. For her services she was decorated with the Golden Cross of Baden and the Iron Cross of Germany. In 1881, when the American Red Cross Society was formed, she was made its president, and as such in 1884 directed the measures to aid the sufferers by the Mississippi and Ohio floods. In 1883 she was made the superintendent, steward, and treasurer of the Ref
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cedar Creek, battle of. (search)
were turned upon the fugitives with fearful effect, while Early's right column, led by Gordon, continued their flanking advance View at Cedar Creek battle-ground. with vigor, turning the Nationals out of every position where they attempted to make a stand. Seeing the peril of his army, Wright ordered a general retreat, which was covered by the 6th Corps, under the command of Ricketts, which remained unbroken. The whole army retreated to Middletown, a little village 5 miles north of Strasburg, where Wright rallied his broken columns, and, falling back a mile or more, left Early in possession of Middletown. The Nationals had lost since daybreak (it was now ten o'clock) 1,200 men made captive, besides a large number killed and wounded; also camp equipage, lines of defence, and twenty-four cannon. There being a lull in the pursuit, Wright had reformed his troops and changed his front, intending to attack or retreat to Winchester as circumstances might dictate. At that critica
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cross Keys, action at (search)
Cross Keys, action at When Banks was expelled from the Shenandoah Valley, in 1862, the city of Washington could only be relieved from peril by the defeat of the Confederates. For this purpose McDowell sent a force over the Blue Ridge, to intercept them if they should retreat, and Fremont pressed on from the west towards Strasburg with the same object in view. Perceiving the threatened danger, Jackson fled up the valley with his whole force, hotly pursued by the Nationals, and at Cross Keys, beyond Harrisonburg, Fremont overtook Ewell, when a sharp but indecisive battle occurred. Ewell had about 5,000 men, strongly posted. There he was attacked, on Sunday morning, June 7, by Fremont with the force with which he had moved out of Harrisonburg. General Schenck led the right, General Milroy the centre, and General Stahl the left. Between the extreme was a force under Colonel Cluseret. At eleven o'clock the conflict was general and severe, and continued several hours, Milroy and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal Union, the John Fiske (search)
tells us that in Hindustan nearly all the great towns and cities have arisen either from the simple expansion or from the expansion and coalescence of primitive village-communities; and such as have not arisen in this way, including some of the greatest of Indian cities, have grown up about the intrenched camps of the Mogul emperors. Maine, Village communities, 118. The case has been just the same in modern Europe. Some famous cities of England and Germany—such as Chester and Lincoln, Strasburg and Maintz—grew up about the camps of the Roman legions. But in general the Teutonic city has been formed by the expansion and coalescence of thickly peopled townships and hundreds. In the United States nearly all cities have come from the growth and expansion of villages, with such occasional cases of coalescence as that of Boston with Roxbury and Charlestown. Now and then a city has been laid out as a city ab initio, with full consciousness of its purpose, as a man would build a house
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fisher's Hill, action at. (search)
Fisher's Hill, action at. When driven from Winchester (see Winchester, battle of) Early did not halt until he reached Fisher's Hill, beyond Strasburg, and 20 miles from the battle-field. It was strongly fortified, and was considered the most impregnable position in the valley. In his despatch to the Secretary of War (Sept. 19, 1864) Sheridan wrote: We have just sent the enemy whirling through Winchester, and are after them to-morrow. He kept his word, and appeared in front of Fisher'sCentral Railway. Then Sheridan's whole army went down the Shenandoah Valley, making his march a track of desolation. He had been instructed to leave nothing to invite the enemy to return. placed his forces behind Cedar Creek, halfway between Strasburg and Middletown. Early's cavalry had rallied, under Rosser, and hung upon Sheridan's rear as he moved down the valley. Torbert and his cavalry turned upon them (Oct. 9) and charged the Confederates, who fled, leaving behind them 300 prisoners,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Front Royal, battle at. (search)
Front Royal, battle at. On May 23, 1862. General Ewell fell with crushing force, almost without warning, upon the little garrison of 1,000 men, under Colonel Kenly, at Front Royal. Kenly was charged with the protection of the roads and bridges between Front Royal and Strasburg. His troops were chiefly New Yorkers and Pennsylvanians. Kenly made a gallant defence, but was driven from the town. He made another stand, but was pushed across the Shenandoah. He attempted to burn the bridge behind him. but failed, when Ewell's cavalry in pursuit overtook him. Kenly again gave battle in which he was severely wounded, when 700 of his men, with a section of rifled 10-pounders and his whole supply train, fell into the hands of the Confederates.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gerard de Rayneval, Conrad Alexandre 1778-1790 (search)
president sitting at one extremity of the semicircle, at a table upon a platform elevated two steps, the minister sitting at the opposite extremity of the semicircle, in an arm-chair, upon the same level with the Congress. The door of the Congress chamber being thrown open below the bar, about 200 gentlemen were admitted to the audience, among whom were the vice-presidents of the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania, the supreme executive council, the speaker and members of the assembly, several foreigners of distinction, and officers of the army. The audience being over, the Congress and the minister at a proper hour repaired to an entertainment given by the Congress to the minister, at which were present, by invitation, several foreigners of distinction and gentlemen of public character. Such was the unostentatious manner in which the first foreign minister of the United States was received, and he from the gayest court in Europe. M. Gerard died in Strasburg in April, 1790.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McGlynn, Edward 1837- (search)
McGlynn, Edward 1837- Clergyman; born in New York City, Sept. 27, 1837; was educated at the College of the Propaganda in Rome. In 1860 he was ordained priest and returned to New York City, where he became an assistant to Father Farrell in St. Joseph's Church. In 1866 he was appointed pastor of St. Stephen's Church in New York, and while in this pastorate founded St. Stephen's Home for Orphan and Destitute Children on a very meagre scale, but so rapidly did the enterprise grow that in a few years it occupied three lots on Twenty-eighth Street, two large houses, 20 acres of land at New Dorp, S. I., and an acre of land and house at Belmont, Fordham. He became a strong advocate of the single-tax theories of Henry George (q. v.) whom he heartily supported as candidate for mayor of New York City in 1887. These views were rebuked in a letter written him by Archbishop Corrigan, and shortly afterwards He was suspended from his pastorate and summoned to Rome to appear before the tribuna
1 2