tells us that in Hindustan nearly all the great towns and cities have arisen either from the simple expansion or from the expansion and coalescence of primitive village-communities; and such as have not arisen in this way, including some of the greatest of Indian cities, have grown up about the intrenched camps of the Mogul emperors.
Maine, Village communities, 118. The case has been just the same in modern Europe.
Some famous cities of England and Germany—such as Chester and Lincoln, Strasburg and Maintz—grew up about the camps of the Roman legions.
But in general the Teutonic city has been formed by the expansion and coalescence of thickly peopled townships and hundreds.
In the United States nearly all cities have come from the growth and expansion of villages, with such occasional cases of coalescence as that of Boston with Roxbury and Charlestown.
Now and then a city has been laid out as a city ab initio, with full consciousness of its purpose, as a man would build a house