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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Jamaica, L. I. (New York, United States) or search for Jamaica, L. I. (New York, United States) in all documents.

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to his rank, wealth, influence over boroughs, and personal imbecility. For nearly four-and-twenty years he remained minister for British America; yet to the last, the statesman, who was deeply versed in chap. I.} 1748. the statistics of elections, knew little of the continent of which he was the guardian. He addressed letters, it used to be confidently said, to the island of New England, James Otis on the Rights of the Colonies. Ms. Letter of J. Q. Adams. and could not tell but that Jamaica was in the Mediterranean. Walpole's Memoires of the last ten years of the reign of George II. Heaps of colonial memorials and letters remained unread in his office; and a paper was almost sure of neglect, unless some agent remained with him to see it opened. Memoires, &c., i. 343. Gov. Clinton, of New-York, to the Earl of Lincoln, April, 1748. His frivolous nature could never glow with affection, or grasp a great idea, or analyse complex relations. After long research, I cannot find
1, New York, during the administration of Hunter, was left without a revenue, the high powers of parliament were the resource of the ministers; and they prepared a bill, reciting the neglect of the province, and imposing all the taxes which had been discontinued by its legislature. Northey and Raymond, the attorney and the solicitor general, lawyers of the greatest authority, approved the measure. Knox, Controversy Reviewed. When, in 1724, a similar strife occurred between the crown and Jamaica, and some held that the king and his Privy Council had a right to levy taxes on the inhabitants of that island, the crown lawyers, Lord Hardwicke, then Sir Philip Yorke, and Sir Clement Wearg, Opinions of eminent Lawyers. i. 223. Mansfield's opinion in the case of Campbell v. Hall. made the memorable reply, that a colony of English subjects cannot be taxed but by some representative body of their own, or by the parliament of England. That opinion impressed itself early and deeply on t
y for protection; and in February, 1757, Benjamin Franklin was chosen agent to represent in England the unhappy situation of the province, that all occasion of dispute hereafter might be removed by an act of the British legislature. Massachusetts had already given the example of an appeal to the House of Commons in favor of popular power against prerogative; and its complaint had, in 1733, been rebuked as a high insult, tending to shake off the dependency of the colony upon the kingdom. Jamaica had just been renewing the attempt; and, while Franklin was at New York to take passage, and there was no ministry in England to restrain the tendencies of the Lords of Trade, the House of Commons adopted the memorable resolve, chap XI.} 1757 that the claim of right in a colonial assembly to raise and apply public money, by its own act alone, is derogatory to the crown and to the rights of the people of Great Britain; and this resolve, so pregnant with consequences, asserting for the peop
Lyttleton with the usages of colonial liberty, first of all vindicated their birthrights as British subjects, and resisted the violation of undoubted privileges. But no governor was more esteemed by the Lords of Trade; they never could find words strong enough to express their approbation of his whole conduct. His zeal for the prerogative, and his powerful connections in England gained him advancement; and he was not only transferred from South Carolina to the more lucrative government of Jamaica, but directed to return home to receive his instructions, a direction which implied a wish on the part of the Board of Trade to consult him on questions of colonial administration. See Lord Lyttelton to his brother, Gov. Lyttleton, 30 January, 1758, in Phillimore, II. 601; and same to same, 4 Dec. 1759. Ibid. 622. In April, General Amherst, whose thoughts were all intent upon Canada, detached from the central army that had conquered Ohio six hundred Highlanders and six hundred Royal A