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Apollodorus, Library (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book 2 (search)
e Scholiast on Hom. Od. xxi.22, Hermes sold Herakles
to Omphale for three talents. The sum obtained by his sale was to be paid as
compensation to the sons of the murdered Iphitus, according to Diod.
4.31.5-8. The period of his servitude, according to Soph. Trach. 252ff., was only one year; but Herodorus, cited by the
Scholiast on Soph. Tr. 253, says that it was three years, which agrees
with the statement of Apollodorus. daughter of Iardanes, queen of Lydia, to whom at his death her husband Tmolus had
bequeathed the government. Eurytus did not accept the compensation when it was presented
to him, but Hercules served Omphale as a slave, and in the course of his servitude he
seized and bound the Cercopes at Ephesus;As to the Cercopes, see Diod. 4.31.7;
Nonnus, in Mythographi Graeci, ed. A. Westermann, Appendix Narrationum, 39, p.
375; Tzetzes, Chiliades ii.431, v.73ff.; Zenobius, Cent.
Apollodorus, Library (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book 3 (search)
f the god's wanderings cannot have been suggested, as appears to be
sometimes imagined, by the expedition of Alexander the Great to India （see F. A. Voigt, in W. H.
Roscher's Lexikon der griech. und röm. Mythologie,
i.1087）, since they are described with geographical precision by
Euripides, who died before Alexander the Great was born. In his famous play, The
Bacchae （Eur. Ba. 13-20）, the
poet introduces the god himself describing his journey over Lydia, Phrygia, Bactria, Media, and all Asia. And by Asia the poet did
not mean the whole continent of Asia as we
understand the word, for most of it was unknown to him; he meant only the southern
portion of it from the Mediterranean to the Indus, in great part of which the vine appears to be native. and
being driven mad by HeraCompare Eur.
Cyc. 3ff. he roamed about Egypt
Syria. At first he was received by Proteus, king
of Egypt,The v
Apollodorus, Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book E (search)
Westermann's Mythographi Graeci, Appendix Narrationum 73, p. 386;
Athenaeus vii.14, p. 281 BC; Lucretius iii.980ff.;
Cicero, De finibus i.18.60; Cicero, Tusc. Disp. iv.16.35;
Hor. Epod. 17, 65ff.and Sat. i.1.68ff.; Ov. Met.
4.458ff.; Hyginus, Fab. 82.
Ovid notices only the torments of hunger and thirst, and
Lucian only the torment of thirst. According to another
account, Tantalus lay buried under Mount Sipylus in Lydia, which had been his home in life, and on which his grave was shown
down to late times （Paus. 2.22.3, 5.13.7）. The story ran that Zeus owned a valuable
watchdog, which guarded his sanctuary in Crete;
but Pandareus, the Milesian, stole the animal and entrusted it for safekeeping to
Tantalus. So Zeus sent Hermes to the resetter to reclaim his property, but Tantalus
impudently denied on oath that the creature was in his house or that he knew anything