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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
c), and Martinsburg. These roads are met at Winchester by the principal one from Northwestern Virgin was completely under the enemy's control. Winchester was obnoxious to neither objection, but, on he 13th the Hon. James M. Mason brought from Winchester intelligence, received there the night before. That place is forty-three miles west of Winchester. As this information had come from the most to abandon Harper's Ferry and retire toward Winchester in such a contingency as the present, in thee enemy, and retire upon the railroad toward Winchester. ... Should you not be sustained by the popuColonel Hill's detachment was called back to Winchester. It being ascertained that some of the p a letter dated the 18th, addressed to me at Winchester, giving the President's further instructionslroad at Strasburg, on the turnpike through Winchester. The orders of the Government required the le, to prevent access to it from the side of Winchester and Berryville, and to maintain it until nig[16 more...]
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
n's brigade leading. After the march was fairly begun, and the rear had left Winchester a mile or two, the different regiments were informed, at the same time, of thbrigade, his leading men, that is to say, reached Paris, seventeen miles from Winchester, about two hours after dark. The four others halted for the night on the Shenerals Cooper, Lee, and myself, to the grade of general, I had, after leaving Winchester, requested the President, by telegraph, to state what my rank in the army wa. Delay was dangerous, because it was not to be hoped that our movement from Winchester could be concealed from General Patterson more than twenty-four hours; or tha The troops Except Jackson's. had been nine or ten hours in marching from Winchester to the Shenandoah-thirteen miles. It was therefore certain that they would noroad. The troops were provided with rations for five days, before leaving Winchester. The rich neighborhood of Piedmont Station could have furnished food, if it
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter3 (search)
omposed of the Valley district, lying between the Alleghany and Blue Ridge, commanded by Major-General Jackson; the District of the Potomac, commanded by General Beauregard, and extending from the Blue Ridge to the Quantico; and that of the Acquia, lying between the Quantico and the Chesapeake, commanded by Major-General Holmes. The Stonewall brigade was transferred with General Jackson to the Valley district. Brigadier-General R. B. Garnett, who joined the army soon after, was sent to Winchester, where General Jackson's headquarters were established, to command it. Major-General E. Kirby Smith, who had recovered from his wound, and rejoined the army just then, succeeded General Jackson in the command of the reserve. The Texan Brigade, ever after so distinguished in the Army of Northern Virginia, had then been completed by Brigadier-General Wigfall. A trifling circumstance that occurred at this time was the foundation of a grave accusation, said to have been frequently made
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 4 (search)
ent. its result. In the beginning of the year, General Jackson moved from Winchester with four brigades of infantry and a regiment of cavalry, to drive the Federaovement is being made to cut off General Loring's command. Order him back to Winchester immediately. After I had received from General Jackson information of this sr to him, directing the evacuation of Romney, and withdrawal of our troops to Winchester. On a former occasion I ventured to appeal to your excellency against sucng with a Federal force greatly superior to his own, was within four miles of Winchester, General Jackson March 12th. fell back slowly before him to Strasburg — marcA. M., on the 23d, at Strasburg, he expressed the hope that he should be near Winchester that afternoon; and at ten o'clock that night he wrote, in his brief manner, that he attacked the Federal army at Kernstown at 4 P. M. and was repulsed by it at dusk. In his formal report, written on the 29th of April, he reported that his f
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
rectly on Strasburg, General Jackson took the road by Front Royal, to turn the Federal army. His movement was so prompt as to surprise the enemy completely. Ewell, who was leading, captured most of the troops at Front Royal, and pressed on to Winchester, by the direct road, with his troops, while Jackson, turning across to that from Strasburg, struck the main Federal column in flank, and drove a large part of it back toward Strasburg. The pursuit was pressed to Winchester, but the Federal troWinchester, but the Federal troops continued their flight into Maryland. Two thousand prisoners were taken in this pursuit. After reaching the Chickahominy, General McClellan's troops advanced very slowly. Sumner's, Franklin's, and Porter's corps, were on and above the railroad, and Heintzelman's and Keyes's below it, and on the Williamsburg road. The last two, after crossing the stream, at Bottom's Bridge, on the 22d, were stationary, apparently, for several days, constructing a line of intrenchments two miles in advan
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
that, abandoning at Harper's Ferry much valuable machinery, he took a new position at or near Winchester, where for several days, if not weeks, he remained in front of Patterson with the avowed objecest and northwest, as well as from Manassas, meet the routes from Pennsylvania and Maryland at Winchester. That was therefore, in my opinion, our best position. General E. Kirby Smith wrote to me officially expressed in the first two days of my command, and reiterated. The movement to Winchester was indispensable, and so regarded by the President himself. For, in the first passage quotedthe middle of June, when we moved from Harper's Ferry, to the 18th of July, when we moved from Winchester to Manassas, nine regiments About six thousand effective men. were sent to the army in the Vahought. And these letters prove that in all the time between the march from Harper's Ferry to Winchester, and that to Manassas, the intended that the Army I commanded should be employed in the defens
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
E. Johnston, General. Headquarters, Centreville, January 28, 1862. Major-General Jackson, Commanding Valley District, Winchester. General: I have to-day received your letters of 21st and 24th. I regret to be unable to reenforce you. May not r's Ferry, at New Creek. I regret very much that you did not refer this matter to me before ordering General Loring to Winchester, instead of now. I think that orders from me, now conflicting with those you have given, would have an unfortunate effrom General Jackson, that from Moorefield the enemy has a graded road to Strasburg, passing a good deal to the south of Winchester. Most respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. E. Johnston, General. Headquarters, Centreville, February 25, 1862. gg. J. E. Johnston, General. Jackson, January 7, 1863. To The President, Richmond: General Bragg telegraphs from Winchester that the enemy did not follow in force. I regret his falling back so far. He wants twenty thousand more men to secure