Browsing named entities in Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Mississippi (United States) or search for Mississippi (United States) in all documents.

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y, after the legislature had taken a recess until March, Maj. H. A. Montgomery, of Memphis, completed his line of magnetic telegraph from that city to Little Rock. A line had already given communication from Memphis to Helena, Ark., on the Mississippi river, in the midst of one of the most productive cotton regions in the State. Montgomery had, the year before, obtained a charter for a company to operate this line, of which Charles P. Bertrand, a wealthy citizen and lawyer, formerly of New Yoves. A military board was created, to assist and relieve the governor and commander-in-chief in the organization of the army. Governor Rector, Benjamin C. Totten and C. C. Danley constituted the board. Captain Danley, on a journey to the Mississippi river, on the way to Richmond in discharge of his duty, received injuries from which he never recovered, and Samuel W. Williams was appointed in his stead. When the latter accepted command of a regiment, Dr. L. D. Hill became his successor on th
Neutrality in Kentucky, as in Missouri, was scoffed at by those who believed the power of the United States government supreme over the soil of the States. The Federal commanders threw their forces into portions of Kentucky and Missouri at will, without a thought as to the rights of those States. The revelation of their plans, through these movements, made it necessary that General Polk should immediately occupy Columbus, in Kentucky, as a point of great strategic importance on the Mississippi river, where the naval flotillas of the United States might be arrested in descending that river, cutting the Confederacy in twain, and making possible the establishment of strongholds and depots for operating against regions adjacent to the great river. Polk took possession of Hickman, September 3d, and of Columbus, September 4th. On the 5th and 6th of September, Brig.-Gen. U. S. Grant occupied Paducah, Ky., at the mouth of the Tennessee river, and established his headquarters there and a
cceed in occupying it? Yet it was strategy to make war in Missouri. In fact, the soldiers of both commands, Arkansans and Missourians, were otherwise likely to have to go to the assistance of Polk or of Johnston and Beauregard east of the Mississippi river, where the great wager of battle was being listed, not for a district, but for the entire country. A vigorous movement into Missouri might have rendered, such transfer unnecessary. Very openly it was said by some that the object of Van Donot advisable, he would march boldly and rapidly toward St. Louis. Gov. Isham G. Harris had written Van Dorn, March 7th, from Clarksville, Tenn., that General Beauregard desired Van Dorn to join his forces with those of Beauregard on the Mississippi river, if possible. To this General Van Dorn replied, March 16th, that he would unite all his troops at Pocahontas, about the 7th of April, and would have about 20,000, maybe more; that the enemy in Arkansas had fallen back to Springfield. On t
sufficient antidote to the poison of the governor's proclamation and a refutation of his statement that the government had sacrificed the States west of the Mississippi river. General Hindman was therefore ordered to Little Rock to assume command, and was provided with all the ammunition, etc., that could be spared from this army.cts will be sufficient, I think, to set Governor Rector at rest and to assure his people that the arteries of the Confederate government do extend across the Mississippi river. I was a little surprised at this proclamation of the governor, as I had, previous to leaving Arkansas, taken particular pains to explain to him the militarnd caused them to be run into the Arkansas river, where they proved valuable in transporting subsistence, troops and munitions. He also, on his way down the Mississippi river, caused thousands of bales of cotton to be burned, under the general order of the war department, to prevent their falling into the hands of the enemy, and o
on against Helena, the commanding general was in receipt of dispatches from subordinate commanders, giving glimpses of stirring events taking place along the Mississippi river, on his front, attendant upon the movements of the Federal army against Vicksburg. From General Marmaduke a dispatch June 14th, read: A scout from the MissiMississippi river, 30 miles above Memphis, reports ten transports passed two days ago, going south, loaded with negro troops. I am firmly of the opinion that all the troops that can be spared are being sent to reinforce Grant; that New Madrid, Memphis and Helena are very weak. Major McLean, adjutant-general of Price's division, forwarich lay in the Mississippi, opposite Hindman hill, the commander of which had surveyed the works and calculated his range to assist in defending them. The Mississippi river, the main channel of which is more than two miles wide at Helena, runs south in front of the place, originally built on the west brink of the river. The tow
d assumed command of the department of Missouri on the 24th of May. President Lincoln declared that this change was made on account of a factional quarrel among the Union men of Missouri, in which Curtis and Governor Gamble were opposing leaders. As he could not remove Gamble, he had to remove Curtis. General Halleck gave another reason, which throws light on the subsequent campaign in Arkansas, namely: Although Curtis had been repeatedly instructed to push his entire force from the Mississippi river and White river to Little Rock, he had, instead, brought troops from Helena to operate in Missouri from Pilot Knob, and pushed forward his column again into western Arkansas, under a fear of insurrection in the State of Missouri, and fears of threatened movements into that State by General Price. Halleck also said, that Those in Missouri who, at the outset, sided with Price and his rebel gang, but were permitted to return and settle down as quiet and peaceable citizens, are now treate
ttery, fought and disabled the steamers Exchange and Monarch, and on the 31st struck the Adams with shell 28 times, killed 3 of her men and mortally wounded x. Colonel Greene claimed to have demonstrated the practicability of blockading the Mississippi river. Lieutenant-Colonel Harrell, with part of his command, was sent to relieve Colonel Hill, near Shreveport, taking the Marks' Mills prisoners and about 1,000 additional captured on Red river, 3,500 in all, to the stockade at Tyler, Tex. But as the army of the Trans-Mississippi was large and continually called for, the inaction of so large a force, while all the Confederates east of the river were in the field, could only be explained by the fact that it could not cross the Mississippi river. The field returns of the army of the Trans-Mississippi gave totals: First army corps, composed of Texans and Louisianians, under Major-General Buckner, aggregate present, 20,868; Second army corps, Arkansans and Missourians, under Major
an decimated in the bloody battles east of the Mississippi river. The Second Arkansas Mounted Riflemen was oournoy, a patriotic planter of Laconia, on the Mississippi river, and supporter of the presidential ticket of DW. Gantt; was stationed at Island No.10 on the Mississippi river, and transferred back and forth to New Madrid in raising a regiment, which he led across the Mississippi river, and was at the fall of Fort Donelson, where hd under Generals Price and Van Dorn across the Mississippi river in April, 1862. The Sixteenth was brigaded wiAs the prisoners were being transported up the Mississippi river, Lieuts. James Hellums and Dink Atkins, of Comthat the regiment would be ordered east of the Mississippi river, he ordered a reorganization, and the regiment delicate health while in the army east of the Mississippi river. From Corinth he was granted a furlough to go The commanders of Arkansas troops east of the Mississippi river who were transferred to the Trans-Mississippi
Stewart, lost 25 killed and 72 wounded out of 306. From the fire of a Louisiana regiment, Capt. R. B. Lambert, Lieutenants Hall and Hopkins and several others were wounded. In the subsequent encounter with the enemy, Lieutenant-Colonel Grayson was mortally, and Maj. J. A. McNeely, Captains Crump and Wilds, and Lieutenants Duncan, Hopkins and Busby, seriously wounded. After the fall of Fort Donelson, Tenn., General Polk evacuated Columbus, and the next stand for the defense of the Mississippi river was made at the bends of Island No.10 and New Madrid, Mo. At Fort Thompson, near New Madrid, was stationed a garrison consisting of the Eleventh Arkansas regiment, Col. J. M. Smith; the Twelfth Arkansas, Lieut.-Col. W. D. S. Cook, and two Tennessee batteries, all under Col. E. W. Gantt, of the Twelfth Arkansas. An army under Gen. John Pope advanced southward in Missouri against New Madrid and began an attack on Fort Thompson, March 13th. During the following night, in the midst of a