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Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 30: Averill's raid and the winter campaign. (search)
day, and directing me to make arrangements to capture him. It turned out that Averill with his cavalry had left the front of General Imboden at least two days before I started from Orange, leaving the small infantry force with him, under Colonel Thoburn, to amuse Imboden's pickets, and that Thoburn had also started back to the valley of the South Branch before I arrived. Imboden was ordered to bring his brigade back to Buffalo Gap, that night, for the purpose of being sent after Averill. Thoburn had also started back to the valley of the South Branch before I arrived. Imboden was ordered to bring his brigade back to Buffalo Gap, that night, for the purpose of being sent after Averill. The question was how to cut off Averill's retreat, as he had several ways of getting back to a safe position. He might return the way he went-go up the railroad and then by the way of Blacksburg in Montgomery-come back by the way of Fincastle to Covington-or by the way of Buchanan and Lexington through the Valley, there being numerous intervening roads between these main routes which afforded him ample facilities for escape if he had good guides. After consultation with General Imboden, wh
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
20, 171, 175, 179 Tanner, 186, 258 Taverner, Colonel, 388 Taylor, Colonel, 60 Taylor, General, 78, 107 Taylor, John, 184 Taylor's Hill, 169, 222-23, 225, 228 Taylor's House, 208, 226, 228-230, 232 Telegraph Road, 167-68-69, 182, 202- 203, 208, 210, 221, 223, 229, 230, 233 Tennessee, 52, 342, 466 Tenth Legion, 433 Terrill, Colonel, 349, 362 Terrill, Lieutenant Colonel, 194, 250 Terry, Colonel, 62, 72 Terry, Lieutenant, 94 Texas, 468 The Fort, 367 Thoburn, Colonel (U. S. A.), 327 Thomas, Colonel, 99, 124 Thomas, General (U. S. A.), 98, 100, 155, 174, 326, 329-334, 336, 337-38-39, 355-56-57-58, 466, 467 Thornton, Captain, Wm., 187 Thornton, W. W., 4, 47, 50 Thornton's Gap, 284, 285 Thoroughfare Gap, 114, 125 Three Springs, 134 Three Top Mountain, 407 Todd's Tavern, 352 Tom's Brook, 436 Toombs, General, 81 Torbert, General (U. S. A.), 408, 417, 433, 434 Tottopotomoy, 362 Trans-Mississippi Department, 52, 468 Treasury D
guerrillas, who were lying in ambush at a place where boats had to run close to shore. There were from fifty to one hundred shots fired in the space of about ten minutes, resulting in killing one man and wounding six others. Last night Colonel Thoburn, in command of the National garrison at Petersburgh, West-Virginia, evacuated that post in consequence of receiving information that the enemy in large force would attack him in the morning. The enemy did attack Petersburgh this morning with artillery. They made regular approaches, and finally charged, but found no opposing force. Colonel Thoburn was within hearing with his retreating column. A party of seven men belonging to the steamer Southwester were sent ashore at Bolivar Landing, Tenn., on a foraging expedition, taking with them nine mules and horses and wagons. They had scarcely got out of sight when they were set upon and surrounded by nine guerrillas, who leaped from the bushes with shouts to surrender. This the
e compressed lips, lowering brows, and the curses loud and deep of the men of the First Virginia, we saw that the iron tooth of chagrin and the resolve of future revenge, dire and deep, had entered into the soul of the whole detachment. Several of our boys were shot while trying to make their escape; others were more successful, among whom, I am happy to state, was our worthy Major, who immediately hastened to bring reenforcements from the detachment at Petersburgh. These last, led by Colonel Thoburn, arrived too late. Our detachment were already upon their way to Richmond. Among the many valuable officers lost to the service by this surprise, may be mentioned Captains Craig, White, and Reed; Lieutenants Hall, Helms, McKee, and Baird. Captains Daugherty and McElvoy and Lieutenant Apple have already made their escape, and returned safely to the camp at Petersburgh. I am happy to state many of the men have also made good their escape. Foot-sore and weary from their wanderings upon
trees; and it is very significant that among those of their dead who were left upon the field, not one but was shot through the head. The Eighty-fourth Pennsylvania suffered more than any other. This regiment, of which there were only three hundred engaged, lost twenty-three in killed and sixty-three in wounded, one third of them falling from the bullets of the enemy, and among them Colonel Murray, already alluded to, and Capt. Gregory and Lieut. Ream. Another of the unfortunates was Col. Thoburn, wounded in the arm and breast, not dangerously, however. The firing ceased, and the enemy fell rapidly back towards Newton. Gen. Banks had been called away to Washington, and was not present during the battle, but arrived this morning early, and resumed the command, and now follows up the enemy most vigorously, driving him very rapidly before him, and is to-night in Strasburg, expecting that the enemy will make a stand, so as to cover their baggage-trains. The Federal loss as asce
e eye can reach. While we were at rest, word was brought that there was a force of rebels in camp down Crab Bottom, so we started expecting to surprise them, but when we arrived, we found the Ringgold cavalry and a force of infantry under Colonel Thoburn of the First Virginia, and they, like us, had suspected that there was a rebel force in the Gap, and if we had been rebels we would have had a warm time if we had attacked them, for they were wide awake and drawn up in line ready to receive us. We went into camp on the south side of Franklin road. November twelfth, resumed the march, and our advance broke up a party of guerrillas who were getting ready to bushwhack Thoburn at Crab Bottom. We destroyed four hundred gallons of apple brandy at one distillery, and a barrel at another. We came to the saltpetre works that we had destroyed in August, and that the rebels had begun to repair; this we again destroyed, and a contraband told us of another up a ravine; this was also destr
ments from the First Virginia, Fourteenth and Twenty-third Illinois infantry, a section of Rook's Illinois battery, and the Ringgold cavalry, under command of Colonel Thoburn, of the First Virginia infantry. We passed through Franklin, and camped for the night on the South-Branch. During this day's march we again destroyed the saand at night had a fight with bushwhackers. The weather thus far had been cold, but after night it began to rain, and next morning we started on the march, Colonel Thoburn in the advance. When we arrived at the cross-roads, Thoburn's brigade taking the road to Monterey and Staunton, whilst our brigade took the road leading to HThoburn's brigade taking the road to Monterey and Staunton, whilst our brigade took the road leading to Hightown and the Buck Creek valley. It rained very hard, and we were enveloped in the clouds of the mountain tops. This day captured a rebel mail-carrier, and at night camped near Burdtown. Next morning resumed the march down the Buck Creek valley, finding the streams very much swollen from the rains. During the day a party of
been rumored that a rebel force was moving and operating in that neighborhood. On Saturday night, the thirtieth, Colonel Thoburn, finding the enemy about to attack him in force at Petersburgh, Hardy County, evacuated his position there, and escaoined a detachment of Colonel Mulligan's troops, and afterward moved with Mulligan to attack Early, near Moorfield. How Thoburn outwitted the enemy, who thought he had Thoburn penned in, has been partially explained in a previous despatch to the HeThoburn penned in, has been partially explained in a previous despatch to the Herald. Let it suffice that I now say he got away with better success than we anticipated, and that his strategic movement over the mountains and far away is looked upon in the light of a very commendable feat. Having got Thoburn all right, our forThoburn all right, our forces moving on Romney. another small force out watching from the neighborhood of Cumberland, we slowly fell back in the New-Creek valley, with a view to drawing the enemy sufficiently close to the railroad to enable Fitzsimmons and Thompson to get i
., Gen. Sterling Price's command. Losses: Union, 400 wounded and missing; Confed., 50 killed and wounded. October 19, 1864: Cedar Creek, Va. (Sheridan's Ride.) Union, Sixth Corps, Eighth Corps, and First and Second Divisions Nineteenth Corps, Merritt's, Custer's, and Torbert's Cav.; Confed., Gen. Jubal Early's army. Losses: Union, 644 killed, 3430 wounded, 1591 captured or missing; Confed., 320 killed, 1540 wounded, 1050 missing; Union, Brig.-Gen. Bidwell and Col. Thoburn killed; Confed., Maj.-Gen. Ramseur killed. October 26-29, 1864: Decatur, Ala. Union, 18th Mich., 102d Ohio, 68th Ind., and 14th U. S. Colored; Confed., Gen. J. B. Hood's army. Losses: Union, 10 killed, 45 wounded, 100 missing; Confed., 100 killed, 300 wounded. October 27, 1864: Hatcher's Run, Va. Union, Gregg's Cav., Second and Third Divisions Second Corps, Fifth and Ninth Corps; Confed., Gen. Hill's Corps, Fitzhugh Lee's and M. C. Butler's Cav. Losses:
ing until the battle was decided, still none behaved more gallantly, or exhibited greater courage than those who returned from the rear, determined to reoccupy their lost camp. In this engagement, early in the morning, the gallant Colonel Lowell, of the Regular brigade, was wounded while in the advance en echelon of Getty's division, but would not leave his command, remaining until the final attack on the enemy was made, in which he was killed. Generals Bidwell of the Sixth corps, and Thoburn of Crook's command, were also killed in the morning, while behaving with conspicuous gallantry. I submit the following list of the corps, division, and brigade commanders, who were wounded in the campaign, the killed having already been especially noticed, regretting that the scope of this report will not admit of my specifying by name all the many gallant men who were killed and wounded in the numerous engagements in the Shenandoah valley, and most respectfully call attention to the acc
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