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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 37 1 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 12 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Centennial Exhibition, (search)
nt. The late Dom Pedro II., then Emperor of Brazil (with his empress), was the only crowned head present. The American Congress and the foreign diplomats were largely represented. The President of the United States (General Grant), in the presence of fully 100,000 people, appeared upon the great platform erected for the occasion, accompanied by his wife, when the Grand Centennial March, composed by Richard Wagner, the great German musical composer, was performed by the orchestra of Theodore Thomas. Then Bishop Simpson, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, uttered a prayer, and was followed by a thousand voices chanting an impressive Centennial hymn, composed by John Greenleaf Whittier, accompanied by a grand organ and the whole orchestra. When the chanting was ended the chairman of the Centennial Board of Finance formally presented the building to the United States Centennial Commission. After a cantata, composed by Sidney Lanier, of Georgia, was sung, General Hawley, president
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chattanooga, abandonment of. (search)
as near Harrison's, above Chattanooga (Aug. 20). He had made slow marches, displaying camp-fires at different points, and causing the fifteen regiments of his command to appear like the advance of an immense army. On the morning of Aug. 21 National artillery under Wilder, planted on the mountain-side across the river, opposite Chattanooga, sent screaming shells over that town and among Bragg's troops. The latter was startled by a sense of immediate danger; and when, soon afterwards, Generals Thomas and McCook crossed the Tennessee with their corps and took possession of the passes of Lookout Mountain on Bragg's flank, and Crittenden took post at Wauhatchie, in Lookout Valley, nearer the river, the Confederates abandoned Chattanooga, passed through the gaps of Missionary Ridge, and encamped on Chickamauga Creek, near Lafayette in northern Georgia, there to meet expected National forces when pressing through the gaps of Lookout Mountain and threatening their communications with Dalt
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Music and musicians in the United States. (search)
ic founded in Boston1852 Gottschalk's first concert in New York City1853 Cecilia Society of Cincinnati, O., organizes and gives its first concertSept. 19, 1856 Peabody Institute, Baltimore, Md., founded1857 Wagner's Tannhauser produced for the first time in America, at the Stadt Theatre, New YorkAug. 27, 1859 Adelina Patti makes her debut in Lucia at the Academy of Music, New YorkNov. 24, 1859 Clara Louise Kellogg makes her debut in Rigoletto at the Academy of Music, New York1860 Theodore Thomas begins his symphony soirees in New YorkDec., 1864 Oberlin Conservatory of Music founded.1865 Der Nordamerikanische Sangerbund reorganized at Chicago1868 National Peace Jubilee held in Boston, Mass.; over 10,000 singers and 1,000 musicians; P. S. Gilmore, conductor.June 15-20, 1869 New England Conservatory of Music established at Providence, R. I., 1859: removed to Boston, 1867; incorporated1870 Beethoven Conservatory of Music founded at St. Louis1871 Fisk University Jubilee singe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nashville, (search)
hen Schofield reached there (see Franklin, battle of), and Thomas's forces there were put in battle array on Dec. 1, 1864. field, on the north side of the Cumberland. The troops of Thomas were better and more numerous than those of Hood, but, on t on Dec. 4, with his salient within 600 yards of Wood, at Thomas's centre. For a few days there was some skirmishing, and a week the cold was so intense that very little was done. Thomas made a general advance, on the morning of the 15th, from h Hills. Steedman, meanwhile, had gained some advantage on Thomas's extreme left. But darkness closed the contest, which reisoners, sixteen guns, forty wagons, and many small-arms. Thomas now readjusted his lines. On the morning of the 16th Wo and guns. It was a complete rout. During the two days Thomas had captured from Hood 4,462 prisoners, fifty-three guns, he pursuit was suspended at Lexington, Ala., on the 28th. Thomas estimated his entire loss in his campaign, from Sept. 7, 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Negro soldiers. (search)
ne, 1863) the government authorized the enlistment of colored troops in the free-labor States. Congress authorized (July 16, 1863) the President to accept them as volunteers, and prescribed the enrolment of the militia, which should in all cases include all able-bodied citizens, without distinction of color. Yet so strong remained the prejudice against the enlistment of negroes that in May, 1863, Colonel Shaw's Massachusetts regiment was warned that it could not be protected from insult in the city of New York if it should attempt to pass through it, and it sailed from Boston for Port Royal A few months later a regiment of colored troops, bearing a flag wrought by women of the city of New York, marched through its streets for the battle-field, cheered by thousands of citizens. From that time colored troops were freely enlisted everywhere. Adjutant-General Thomas went to the Mississippi Valley (March, 1863) for the express purpose of promoting such enlistments, and was successful
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thomas, Theodore 1835- (search)
Thomas, Theodore 1835- Musician; born in Esens, Hanover, Germany, Oct. 11, 1835 received his musical education principal ly from his father, and at the age of six played the violin in public concerts; came to the United States in 1845, and played the violin for some years in concerts and orchestras. He toured the South for two years, and on his return to New York appeared in concerts and operas first as violinist and afterwards as orchestra conductor, and with other musicians gave annual series of chamber concerts till 1869. He organized a world-famed orchestra of his own, and with it began a series of symphony concerts, which he conducted till 1888. He was director of the Cincinnati College of Music in 1878-81; conductor of the Cincinnati biennial musical festivals in 1873-98; and of the American Opera Company in 1885-87. He removed to Chicago, Ill., in 1891, and since then has been conductor of a Chicago orchestra; and was musical director of the World's Columbian Expositio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
illiam M. Ramsey, George R. Sage, and Rufus King; against, J. B. Stallo, George Hoadly, and Stanley Matthews......1870 Mrs. Wharton, for murder of Gen. W. S. Ketchum, U. S. A., at Washington, June 28, 1871; acquitted......Dec. 4, 1871–Jan. 24, 1872 George C. Barnard (judge of Supreme Court, New York) impeached, May 13, for corruption, and deposed......Aug. 18, 1872 Captain Jack and three other Modoc Indians tried, July 3, for the massacre of Gen. E. R. S. Canby, U. S. A., and Rev. Dr. Thomas (commissioner), April 11; convicted and hanged at Fort Klamath, Or.......Oct. 3, 1873 Edward S. Stokes, for the murder of James Fisk, Jr., in New York, Jan. 6. 1872; first jury disagree, June 19, 1872; second trial (guilty and sentenced to be hanged Feb. 28, 1873, Dec. 18, 1872–Jan. 6, 1873; third trial (guilty of manslaughter in third degree; sentence, four years in prison at Sing Sing)......Oct. 13-29, 1873 W. M. Tweed, for frauds upon the city and county of New York; sentenced
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Philadelphia......Oct. 22, 1775 Thomas Paine publishes Common sense......Jan. 8, 1776 General Thomas died of small-pox at Chambly......June 2, 1776 Committee appointed by Congress to draw upthe bill admitting Maine a clause for the admission of Missouri and an amendment proposed by Senator Thomas, Illinois, prohibiting the introduction of slaves into Louisiana north of the Arkansas boundary, 36° 30′, except in Missouri. Thomas proviso passes the Senate, 30 to 10, and the bill as amended passes the Senate, 24 to 20......Feb. 18, 1820 House rejects the amendments; Senate asks for a29, 1820 Senate returns the Missouri bill to the House with slavery clause struck out and Senator Thomas's territorial proviso inserted......March 2, 1820 Committee of conference advises the Sen House strikes out from the Missouri bill the prohibition of slavery, 90 to 84, and inserts the Thomas proviso, 134 to 42......March 2, 1820 Maine admitted (the twenty-third State) by act of Congr
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 21: Newspapers, 1775-1860 (search)
ions. After a warm debate the resolution was withdrawn, never again to be revived, at a time when the taking of notes in the British Parliament was still forbidden. Partisan bitterness increased during the last decade of the century. New England papers were generally Federalist; in Pennsylvania there was a balance; in the West and South the anti-Federalist press predominated. Though the Federalists were vigorously supported by such able papers as Russell's Columbian Centinel in Boston, Thomas's Massachusetts Spy, The Connecticut Courant, and, after 1793, Noah Webster's daily Minerva (soon renamed Commercial Advertiser) in New York, The Gazette of the United States, which in 1790 followed Congress and the capital to Philadelphia, was at the centre of conflict, a paper of pure Toryism, as Thomas Jefferson said, disseminating the doctrines of monarchy, aristocracy, and the exclusion of the people. To offset the influence of this, Jefferson and Madison induced Philip Freneau, who ha
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 4: the New South: Lanier (search)
ng a thousand various songs that oppress me, unsung,—is inexpressible. Yet, the mere work that brings bread gives me no time. I know not, after all, if this is a sorrowful thing. Nobody likes my poems, except two or three friends,—who are themselves poets, and can supply themselves! But music regained its ascendancy over him. Letters to his wife written in 1869, 1870, and 1871, on visits to New York, reveal the intensity of his pleasure in a violin solo, or the singing of Nilsson, or Theodore Thomas's orchestra, where he plunged into an amber sea of music and came away from what he felt might have been heaven. The turning point of his life came in San Antonio, Texas, whither he went in the winter of 1872-3 for his health. He filled in part of his time there with literary projects, but the inspiration of his stay was found in a group of German musicians, who received amid a storm of applause his flute-playing before the Maennerchor. In February, 1873, he played before a very el
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