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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 8 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Provincial Congresses (search)
rs, received the allegiance of the people generally. So passed away royal rule in Massachusetts, and the sovereignty of the people was established in the form of the Provincial Congress. Gage issued a proclamation denouncing their proceedings, to which no attention was paid. The Provincial Congress of New Hampshire assembled at Exeter, on May 17, 1775, when ninety-eight counties, towns, parishes, and boroughs were represented by deputies. Matthew Thornton was chosen president, and Eleazar Thompson secretary. They established a post-office at Portsmouth, provided for procuring arms, recommended the establishment of home manufactures, commissioned Brigadier-General Folsom first commander, and provided for the issue of bills of credit. On May 2, 1775, the provincial committee of correspondence of New Jersey directed the chairman to summon a Provincial Congress of deputies to meet in Trenton, on the 23d of that month. Thirteen counties were represented—namely, Bergen, Essex, Mid
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rumford, Benjamin Thompson, Count 1753-1852 (search)
2 married a wealthy widow of that place, and was appointed major of militia over several older officers. This offended them, and led to much annoyance for young Thompson. He was a conservative patriot, and tried to get a commission in the Continental army, but his opponents frustrated him. He was charged with disaffection, and fsides with the crown. He was driven from his home, and in October. 1775, he took refuge within the British lines in Boston. When Howe left for Halifax, he sent Thompson to England with despatches, where the secretary of state gave him employment, and in 1780 he became under-secretary. In that year he returned to America, raiseautified Munich by converting an old huntingground into a handsome garden or park, and the grateful citizens afterwards erected a fine monument to his honor. Thompson was successively raised to the rank of major-general in the army, member of the council of state, lieutenant-general, commander-in-chief of the general staff, mi