lar to that at Turner's Gap, and the operations were of a like kind.
Forming his troops with Slocum's division on the right of the road and Smith's on the left, Franklin advanced his line, driving the Confederates from their position at the base of the mountain, where they were protected by a stone wall, and forced them back up the slope of the mountain to near its summit, where, after an action of three hours, the crest was carried.
Slocum's line, on the right, formed of Bartlett's and Torbett's brigades, supported by Newton, carried the crest.
Smith's line, formed of Brooks' and Irwin's brigades, was disposed for the protection of Slocum's flank, and charged up the mountain simultaneously.
The brunt of the action fell upon Bartlett's command. Four hundred prisoners, seven hundred stand of arms, one piece of artillery, and three colors were captured in this spirited action.
Franklin's total loss was five hundred and thirty-two, and the corps rested on its arms, with its advanc
Then, as in the Wilderness, he began a movement to turn the position by a flank march.
This is an operation usually accounted very hazardous in the presence of a vigilant enemy.
Nevertheless, it was conducted with great precision and skill and complete success.
First of all, Hancock's corps, taken from the right of the army, moved on the night of the 20th May, behind the cover of the remaining corps, eastward to Massaponax Church.
Thence, heading southward, and preceded by Torbett's cavalry division, Hancock, on the following day, pushed his advance to Milford Station, on the Fredericksburg and Richmond Railroad, seventeen miles south of his point of starting.
The cavalry in advance, with much address, dislodged a hostile force holding the bridge across the Mattapony near this point,
It happened that a Confederate brigade, under Kemper, on its way from Richmond to Spottsylvania to re-enforce Lee, had reached this point and taken up a position on the right bank of