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lf-sacrifice, he might unbar the gates of light for mankind. On Sunday, the twenty fifth, all New York was in motion. Tryon, the royal governor, who had arrived the day before, was to land from the harbor; and Washington, accompanied by Lee and ll ages and both sexes, bent their eyes on him from the housetops, the windows, and the streets. Night had fallen before Tryon landed. Met by a company which he himself had commissioned, and by a few of the magistrates in military costume, he was y owned that the province would fall behind none in opposition to the king and parliament. Amazed and dejected at heart, Tryon masked his designs under an air of unconcern, and overflowed with bland professions. Washington, who instantly penetratehuyler, lulled by words of mildness which concealed the most wary and malignant activity, soon reported confidently, that Tryon would create no trouble. On the twenty-sixth, the provincial congress of New York, in their address to Washington, fro
ed Montgomery as a delegate to the first provincial convention in New York, where he distinguished himself by unaffected modesty, promptness of decision, and soundness of judgment. On receiving his appointment as brigadier general he reluctantly bade adieu to his quiet scheme of life; perhaps, he said, for ever, but the will of an oppressed people, compelled to choose between liberty and slavery, must be obeyed. On the sixth of August, from Albany, he advised Chap. LII.} 1775. Aug. that Tryon, whose secret designs he had penetrated, should be conducted out of the way of mischief to Hartford. He reasoned justly on the expediency of taking possession of Canada, as the means of guarding against Indian hostilities, and displaying to the world the strength of the confederated colonies; it was enlarging the sphere of operations, but a failure would not impair the means of keeping the command of Lake Champlain. Summoned by Schuyler to Ticonderoga, he was attended as far as Saratoga by
e should become a rope of sand: rest, then, on your former noble petition, and on that of United America. We have nothing to expect from the mercy or justice of Britain, argued Jay; vigor and unanimity, not petitions, are our only means of safety. Wythe of Virginia spoke for a few minutes to the Chap. LV.} 1775. Dec. same purpose, and the well-disposed assembly of New Jersey conformed to their joint advice. Simultaneously with the intrigues to allure New Jersey into a separate system, Tryon, who, since the thirtieth of October had had his quarters on board the armed ship Dutchess of Gordon, in New York harbor, recommended a similar policy to the inhabitants of New York; but William Smith, the historian, who busied himself with opening the plan privately to members of the provincial congress, met with the most signal rebuke. Roused by the insidious proposal, the New York convention, while it disclaimed the desire to become independent, attributed the existing discontent to the
litia under the name of the flying camps of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland; and none of these were to be engaged beyond December. Congress had not yet authorized the employment of men for three years or for the war; nor did it do so till near the end of June, when it was too late for any success in enlistments; the feeble army, then under Washington's command, was by the conditions of its existence to melt away in the autumn and coming winter. Moreover a secret plot was fostered by Tryon, who ever unscrupulous and indefatigable, from on board the Duchess of Gordon, sought through the royalist mayor of the city of New York and others to prepare a body of conspirators, who should raise an insurrection in aid of Howe on his arrival, blow up the magazines, gain possession of the guns, and seize Washington and his principal officers. Some of the inferior agents were suspected of having intended to procure Washington's death. There were full proofs that the plan against his army