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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 14 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tucker, Josiah 1711-1799 (search)
Tucker, Josiah 1711-1799 Clergyman; born in Laugharne, Wales, in 1711; educated at Oxford, he took orders, and was for many years a rector in Bristol; in 1758 he was Dean of Gloucester; he was a prolific writer on political and religious subjects, and published several tracts on the dispute between Great Britain and the American colonies, which attracted much attention. The British ministry knew more of the differences of opinion in the Continental Congress than did the Americans, for Galloway had let out the secret to friends of the crown. This fact encouraged Lord Seal and signature of Tryon. North and his colleagues to believe that a little firmness on the part of Great Britain would shake the resolution and break up the apparent union of the colonists. It was known that a large portion of the most respectable and influential of the inhabitants of the colonies were warmly attached to the mother-country. In several colonies there was a strong prejudice felt towards New
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
ee of safety, with comprehensive military powers; it made a complete organization of the militia, embodied a force of minute-men, consisting of one quarter part of the force of the colony, and appointed to the chief command Jedediah Preble, Artemas Ward, and Seth Pomeroy; it proceeded to carry on the government; collectors of taxes were ordered to pay no more money to the late treasurer of the province, but to hand over all future collections to a treasurer appointed by the Congress.] Josiah Tucker, dean of Gloucester, England, declares the North American colonies should be a free and independent people......1774 Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, consisting of upwards of 300 members, meet at Cambridge......Feb. 1, 1775 Governor Gage sends a detachment of soldiers to Salem to seize some cannon said to be deposited there; they are met by a party of militia, but no collision takes place......Feb. 26, 1775 British troops, about 800 strong, under Lieutenant-Colonel Smith,
...December, 1875 John D. Lee, convicted of murder in the first degree for the Mountain Meadows massacre, Sept. 11, 1857, is shot on the site of it......March 23, 1877 Brigham Young dies......Aug. 29, 1877 School districts formed and a tax levied for school buildings......1880 Edmunds law against polygamy, amending law of 1862......March 22, 1882 Congress authorizes an industrial home at Salt Lake City for women renouncing polygamy, and for their children......1886 Edmunds-Tucker anti-polygamy law approved......March 3, 1887 Gentiles for the first time control a municipal election in Salt Lake City......Feb. 10, 1890 New free-school law, a territorial bureau of statistics established, and 8 per cent made the legal rate of interest by legislature at session......Jan. 13–March 13, 1890 Mormon Church renounces polygamy at a general conference in Salt Lake City......Oct. 6, 1890 New school law making public schools free......1890 Methodist University at Og
seul, 20 July, 1770. and Thurlow proved the evil genius of that Minister and of England. Towards America no man was more sullenly unrelenting; and his influence went far towards rendering a crisis unavoidable. Grafton in his Autobiography. Schemes were revived for admitting representatives from the American Colonies into the British House of Commons; Considerations on the Expediency of admitting representatives from the American Colonies in the British House of Commons, 1770. See Tucker's Four tracts, 164; and The Monthly Review, XLIII. 161. but they attracted little attention. The Government would not change its system; the well-founded Petition of Massachusetts against Bernard was dismissed by the Privy Council, as groundless, vexatious and scandalous. Report of Council, 7. March, and Orders in Council, 14 March, 1770; in appendix to Bernard's Select Letters. At the same time, his interference had involved his successor in needless embarrassments. By his advice, Hut
the books of the philosophers, will dissipate the puerile and sanguinary phantom of a pretended exclusive commerce. I speak of the separation of the British Colonies from their metropolis, which will soon be followed by that of all America CHAP XLV.} 1770. Sept. from Europe. Then, and not till then, will the discovery of that part of the world become for us truly useful. Then it will multiply our enjoyments far more abundantly, than when we bought them by torrents of blood. Turgot to Tucker. Oeuvres de Turgot, II. 802. Hillsborough, too, was possessed with the fear, Oct. hat the idea of independence would indeed be realized, unless he could persuade all but the abettors of a few desperate men, Hillsborough to Hutchinson, No. 42, 3 October, 1770. to see the necessity of restoring the authority of the Supreme Legislature by a reform of the Constitution of the Massachusetts Bay. No more time, said he, should be lost in deliberation, and he exerted all his power to establ
Journal of C. C., v. 364. the second town in the Province, advised that the Colonies in general and the inhabitants of their Province in particular, should stand firm as one man, to support and maintain all their just rights and privileges. Votes and Proceedings of the Town of Ipswich, 28 Dec. 1772; in Journal C. C., 50; Original papers, 441. In the course of December, the Earl of Chatham was reading several New England writings with admiration and love; among others an Election Sermon by Tucker, in which he found the divine Sydney rendered practical, and the philosophical Locke more demonstrative; Chatham to T. Hollis, 29 Dec. 1772. and on the very same day, the people of the little town of Chatham, at the extremity of Cape Cod, were declaring their civil and religious principles to be the sweetest and essential part of their lives, without which the Chap. XLVIII.} 1772. Dec. remainder was scarcely worth preserving. Proceedings of Chatham, Original Papers, 269; Journal of C
h them, which judged the past and estimated the future with contemplative calmness and unerring sagacity. Its author Josiah Tucker, Dean of Gloucester, a most loyal churchman, though an apostle of Free Trade, saw clearly, that the reduction of Canad independent people. If we separate from the Colonies, it was objected, we shall lose their trade. Why so? answered Tucker. The Colonies will trade even with their bitterest enemies in the hottest of a war, provided they shall find it their in if we give up the Colonies, it was pretended, the French will take immediate possession of them. The Americans, resumed Tucker, cannot brook our Government; will they glory in being numbered among the slaves of the grand Monarch? Will you leave therica to suffer persecution? asked the Churchmen. Declare North Chap. LII.} 1774. March America independent, replied Tucker, and all their fears of ecclesiastical authority will vanish away; a Bishop will be no longer looked upon as a monster bu
r of those whom we wish to have for our fellow citizens. They are very weak who flatter themselves that in the state to which things are come, our colonies will be easily conquered by force alone. And he pointed out the vast immediate and continuing advantages which Great Britain would derive, if she should voluntarily give up all authority over her colonies, and leave them to elect their own magistrates, to enact their own laws, and to make peace and war as they might think proper. Josiah Tucker, an English royalist writer on political economy, had studied perseveringly the laws of nature, which are the laws of God, in their application to commerce; and at the risk of being rated a visionary enthusiast, he now sought to convince the landed gentry, that Great Britain would lose nothing if she should renounce her colonies and cultivate commerce with them as an independent nation. This he enforced with such strength of argument and perspicuity of statement, that Soame Jenyns wrote