Miss Emily Hallowell has made musicians her debtors by transcribing many songs of the Southern negro as she heard them, and publishing them under the name of Calhoun Songs.
Olive Dame Campbell has made a like important contribution to literature and music by writing out words and tunes of old ballads as they are sung in the Southern mountains by the descendants of the English, Scotch and Irish who settled there.
Tufts College has been another strong intellectual force in Medford.
Charles Tufts of Somerville, who inherited Walnut Hill, then a barren tract, said he meant some day to set a light on it. His words have proved true, for the college set on the hill he gave for that purpose, has been a center of education and culture throughout its history, and has added many illustrious names of both teachers and pupils to literature and life.
Hosea Starr Ballou wrote a biography of Hosea Ballou, 2d, the first president of Tufts College, and many addresses.
Rev. Elmer H. Capen, p
e than it is at the present is to be payed unto the said Richard Sprague or his Assigns.
The fence at present is adjudged worth thirty pounds by mutual consent.
Tufts College is situated within the limits of this pasture, upon the summit of Walnut Tree hill, now known as College hill.
The boundary line between the Cities of Somerville and Medford passes through its grounds.
The establishment of the college was the work of the Universalist denomination.
It received its name from Mr. Charles Tufts of Somerville, who gave it twenty acres of land upon the condition that it be made the site of a college and should bear his name.
He afterwards increased his gift of land to the amount of nearly one hundred acres. The charter of the college was granted by the General Court, April 21, 1852.
Walnut Tree hill is also the site of the reservoir built by the City of Charlestown as a part of its Mystic water supply.
Ground was broken for this reservoir in the spring of the year 1861.