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nveloped in a single case. This is a modern institution, it having been originally customary to employ loose powder and ball. Then followed a cartridge containing a measured quantity of powder, the bullets being carried separately in a bag. The end of the paper cylinder was bitten off and the paper used as a wad. Gustavus Adolphus (killed at Lutzen, 1632) is said to have been the first to have made up the cartridge with a measured quantity of powder and a ball fastened thereto. Sir James Turner, in the time of Charles II. of England, speaks of cartridges employed by horsemen, carried in a patron which answered to the modern cartridge-box. After this time it appears that cartridges were carried in cases suspended from bandoliers, equivalent to the more modern bayonet scabbard-belt. Soon afterward the great improvement—the cartridge-box—was adopted, which still, under various modifications, continues in use. See accouterments. Cartridges. Plain, round ball, and buck a
, now plated over with strong surface-color like a coat of burnished metal, now sending light, pearly hints of variegated radiance, from clusive depths; or cups fantastically pied with scales of iridescence over their own strong original colorations, are scattered around a considerable apartment, defeating all sense of strict estimation, and cheating the mind with the notion of a possible perfection in the manufacture only compatible, as it seems, with decay. Some of the platters look as if Turner had painted skies on them in his maddest mood, and had been allowed to use flames for colors. The general effect seems to suggest that all the sunsets that have glimmered over Cyprus since these crystals were lost in the earth had sunk into their hiding-place and permeated their substance. —N. Y. Nation. Most of the pieces are of simple inflated shapes, but some are pressed, having monograms and inscriptions in relief, opaque glass in mingled colors, sticks of twisted colors. Small gl
uccessively released as required from a catch F, allowing a spring to act, carrying the finger from the right to the left hand side of the book, and turning the sheet with it. A free arm H, with fingerpiece and finger I J, serves to keep down the leaves on the left-hand side and to turn back the whole series when a piece of music is finished. The fingers D may be pressed downward and held in horizontal position by a catch, so that the leaves may pass freely above them when required. Leaf-Turner. Leaf—valve. (Pumping-engine.) A clack-valve. One hinged or pivoted on one side. A flap-valve; clack-valve. Leak—a′larm. An arrangement by which the accumulation of water in the hold of a vessel is made to sound an alarm to call attention to the leak. It is a regular part of duty on shipboard to sound the pumps, but it is a duty sometimes overlooked. Even when the amount is not dangerous, the accumulation of bilge-water may injure the cargo. See bilge-water alarm. Lea
o give the requisite tone. The tuning of these teeth is accomplished by altering their thickness by stoning, filing, or scraping, till the proper pitch is obtained. To prevent too long vibration of any of these teeth, a system of dampers is employed; on the under side of the longer tongues small pieces of steel spring are attached; to the middle teeth of the comb small bits of goose-quill are attached by cement, the short teeth, having a short vibration, requiring no dampers. Music leaf Turner. Mu′sic-clamp. A temporary binder or file for holding sheet music in convenient form for use and preservation. See Paperclamp. Music-pen. Mu′sic-leaf Turn′er. The arm A is held to the music-stand by a clamping piece; the fingers are inserted between the pages and turned by the ratchet-plate F, which slides freely over the fingers when turned in one direction, but engages them one by one when it is moved in the opposite direction. It is fixed on the spindle C, which is par<
yet obtains. Horsehair and goat's hair yet protect or parch the legal and judicial brain in the tight little island. See hair, par. 6, page 1047. Cortez found the Mexicans using razors of obsidian. Pepy, in his Diary (May, 1662), recommends trimming one's self with a pumice-stone, which I learnt of Mr. March, and I find it very easy, speedy, and pleasant. Among the Knights of the Razor are to be found enrolled the great inventors Ctesibus, Arkwright, and the great English painter, Turner; the latter was a very humble member of this ancient and honorable fraternity, and was dropped from the rolls of the order at quite an early age, having shown a degree of genius for drawing which was perhaps deemed incompatible with his success in his hereditary profession. The order of procedure in making the best razors is as follows:— 1. The blade is molded. 2. Forged. 3. Ground and scorched to take off the black scale. 4. Drilled for the joint, and stamped with the name.
ug. 22, 1854. 11,581ShawAug. 22, 1854. 11,588Turner et al.Aug. 22, 1854. 11,631TurnerAug. 29, 185TurnerAug. 29, 1854. 14,207SwingleFeb. 5, 1856. (Reissue.)363TurnerMay 25, 1856. 15,396SwingleJuly 22, 1856. TurnerMay 25, 1856. 15,396SwingleJuly 22, 1856. (Reissue.)410SwingleNov. 4, 1856. 28,144BeanMay 8, 1860. 29,785HaskellAug. 28, 1860. 34,915Tow2,292JohnsonApr. 12, 1864. (Reissue.)1,962TurnerMay 16, 1865. 48,511Bradford et al.July 4, 186 14, 1871. 115,925BakerJune 13, 1871. 116,893Turner et al.July 11, 1871. (Reissue.)4,500Woodwraw-Braid. 79,856PlummerJuly 14, 1868. 94,946TurnerAug. 24, 1869. 122,555BosworthJan. 9, 1872. , 1872. 131,739CarpenterOct. 1, 1872. 133,553TurnerDec. 3, 1872. 138,806BosworthJune 9, 1873. 137, 1874. 151,351BosworthMay 26, 1874. 152,260TurnerJune 23, 1874. 18. Sewing Knitted Goods. 59,7ork-Holders. 115,288EddyMay 30, 1871. 146,110TurnerDec. 30, 1873. 7. Aprons and Guards. 130,339T In contradistinction to sod-plow. Stubble-Turner. Stub′ble-rake. (Husbandry.) A rake f
und it in the score. Turn′ing-lathe. A machine for turning wood or other materials to symmetrical forms. A common form for wood is called a pole-lathe. See lathe. Turn′ing-lathe chuck. Fig. 6798 shows various forms of lathe-chucks and other machine appliances. Turning-lathe chucks. a, three-pronged chuck. b, screw-chuck. c, steel arbor, for holding circular saws emery-wheels, grindstones, etc. d, face-plate, for holding wooden chucks, polishingwheels, etc. e, Turner's sizer, or caliper. f, Shell-chuck. g, drill-rest. h, spur-chuck. k, plain drill-chuck, with setscrew. l, drill-chuck, with square hole for bits. Turn′ing-ma-chine′. (Boot-machine.) One for turning boot-legs after the seams have been sewn and rolled. Turn′ing-mill. A form of horizontal lathe or boring-mill. It has a compound slide-rest and boring-bar. Sellers's boring and turning mill. The holder for the boring-bar is readily removed, and a turn- i
um has three or more tangential apertures at its periphery, and discharges a given amount of water at each revolution, which is carried away by the pipe e. b f are gratings to arrest impurities. See also Fig 2970, A, page 1327. Class 2. In Turner's meter (Fig. 7111), water admitted through the pipe G enters alternately into the hollow rotary piston E through the openings E2 E3, and passing behind the pivoted wing-pistons H H, causes continuous motion in one direction. The water entering the chambers E1 Eix is discharged as each port arrives at the eduction opening. The wing-pistons also act as valves, and each is closed in so as to become inoperative by striking against the abutment I. Turner's rotary piston water-meter. Summer's (Fig. 7112) has a rotary disk B journaled eccentrically in the case A, which has a shallow, lunate cavity at its upper side, concentric with the disk, to give longer packing surface to the pivoted wings e, which bear against the side all aroun