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Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical: officers of civil and military organizations. (search)
inia. He entered the United States navy as midshipman January 28, 1815, was promoted lieutenant, January 13, 1825, and master-commander September 8, 1841. In 1845 he was detailed by Secretary Bancroft to locate and organize the United States naval academy at Annapolis, and he served as its first superintendent until 1847. During the Mexican war he commanded the Germantown and cooperated with General Scott in landing of troops at Vera Cruz, and was conspicuous in the capture of San Juan da Ulloa. As commander of the flagship Susquehanna he was a prominent participant in Perry's expedition to Japan, in 1852 to 1855. In the latter year he was commissioned captain, and in 1859 he was placed in command of the Washington navy yard. On April 22, 186, following the affair of the 19th at Baltimore, he tendered his resignation, but it subsequently appearing that Maryland would not secede, he asked that he might recall the same, which was refused. He entered the Confederate navy Septembe
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Old South. (search)
ments. I think it will be equally admitted that Quitman's Southern division of volunteers had the confidence of General Scott, next to his two divisions of regulars. Scott's chief engineers on that wonderful march from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico were Swift, of North Carolina, and R. E. Lee, of Virginia. His chief of ordnance was Huger, of South Carolina. The most brilliant exploit of that war was the attack of Tatnall, of Georgia, in a little gunboat, upon the castle of San Juan D'Ulloa and the land batteries at Vera Cruz. If there was anything more daring in that war, so full of great deeds, my eyes were not so fortunate as to behold it. The bold, bluff tar of that day had a gentle, loving heart, full of kindly sympathy with his own race and lineage, as shown by rowing through shot and shell to offer such assistance as international law permitted to the British Admiral suffering under the murderous fire of the Peiho forts in China. Blood is thicker than water was the
Vera Cruz, on board the steamer Francisco de Asis, in the midst of the French fleet, which sailed for the Mexican coast the same hour, but not for Vera Cruz, as you may depend. The French Admiral is in high dudgeon with his Spanish friends for having been in such a hurry to get into Vera Cruz before their allies were ready, and will therefore take his vessels to Tampico. Additional offence has been given by the Spaniards' neglecting to hoist the French and English flags on the ramparts of Ulloa and over Vera Cruz, contenting themselves with their own exclusively. The following vessels composed the French fleet: Ship-of-the-line Massena, Captain Rose, having on board Admiral dela Graviere. frigate La GuerriereCaptain de Selva. frigate L' AstreeCaptain Duval. frigate L' ArdenteCaptain Guizoime. all propellers. The land force on board the fleet numbers 2,828 men or all arms. The French war steamer Montezuma, which arrived on the 31st ult., sailed from here ye
in the present state of affairs. The interest of all is concerned, and if all are bound as good sons of Mexico, to contribute their intelligence, their fortune, and their blood towards the salvation of the Republic, all claim an equal right to be informed of the conduct and proceedings of the Government. On the 14th of the present mouth the Governor of the State of Vera Cruz received an intimation from the Commander of the Spanish naval forces to evacuate that city and the fortress of Ulloa, which that Commander announces his determination to hold as a security until the Government of the Queen of Spain shall be satisfied that the Spanish nation shall be treated in future with the consideration which is due, and that the compacts between both, Governments shall be religiously observed. The Spanish officer also declares that the occupation of the city and castle will serve as a guarantee for the claims which France and Great Britain may have against the Mexican Government.
ng on the verge of bankruptcy, if we look abroad, the spectacle tends only to our shame. We see the sceptred hands of Europe planting their royal banners upon the soil of this Western hemisphere, which it is our natural duty to consecrate to Republicanism, and which we might at least have guarded from the greed of foreign despots.--The flag of Aragon and Castile flaunts in the air of San Domingo, and, united with the blazonries of France and England, is unfurled upon the walls of San Juan D'Ulloa. Where may they not float twelve months hence, if we, the natural guardians of this continent from foreign interference, should still be busy with dabbling in each other's gore? --Sir, if there must be war, let it be against the natural enemies of Republicanism, and as we have already humbled our national pride to conciliate the British lion, let us make some sacrifice to win back in amity, and not to subjugate, the South, that we may stand once again as comrades in arms, to scourge these f