Of abjuration, being an obligation to maintain the government of King, lords, and Commons, the Church of England, and toleration of Protestant Dissenters, and abjuring all Roman Catholic pretenders to the crown, 13 William III1701
Affirmation, instead of oath, was permitted to Quakers and other Dissenters by acts passed in 1833, 1837, 1838, and 1863.
In 1858 and 1860 Jews elected members of Parliament were relieved from part of the oath of allegiance.
New oath of allegiance by 31 and 32 Victoria c. 72 (1868), for members of the new Parliament: I do swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to her Majesty Queen Victoria, her heirs and successors, according to law, so help me God.
（Bradlaugh case, Parliament, 1880.)
Following is the form of the oath of allegiance Washington was directed by Congress to administer to the officers of the army before leaving Valley Forge: I [name and office], in the armies of the United States of America, do acknowledge the United States o