red structures for human habitation.
But the average family of those days was larger, and three hundred is the more likely number.
These varied in type from the few survivors of the earliest days, the low-studded, two-storied, four-room house, to which a lean — to may have been added, if not originally thus built, or the one—and two-story gambrel roofs with roomy attics, to those more modern and pretentious, erected after ship-building began.
The exceptions were the Royall, Peter Tufts, Major Wade and Hastings houses, with the country seat of Peter C. Brooks, the finest and newest of all.
But at that time there was erected one that was, and still is, unique in design, substantial in construction, on an eligible and commanding location, that is worthy of more than a passing notice, and should hold in the estimation of Medford people the same place that the original Bulfinch State house does in that of the Commonwealth.
We refer to the residence of Thatcher Magoun, now the public
not then in the Bower, for by the communication of Mr. H. the Bower mentioned by Mr. Brooks was not where the writer thought he had found it, not by a dam site.
We will now quote Mr. Brooks, (page 393):—
There was a mill at the place now called the Bower, about a mile north of the meeting-house of the first parish, carried by the water of Marble Brook.
The banks, race, canal and cellar are yet traceable.
This was used for grinding grain and sawing timber.
It was on land owned by Mr. Dudley Wade. The mid-winter rambler had read the above, had never heard or read elsewhere of this mill or dam site, and accepting the only mention known to him as correct, wrote, Yes, this is the Bower (so-called fifty years ago), the site of the ancient mill.
He regrets his inaccuracy, renews his plea of not guilty of historical falsehood, and suggests a pilgrimage of interested readers to the real site of the Bower as located by former President Hooper, and farther on to the dam, of which struct