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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Washington under Banks. (search)
Washington under Banks. by Richard B. Irwin, Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General, U. S. V. Heintzelman's headquarters at Alexandria. From a sketch made September 3, 1862.The 27th and 28th [of August], writes General F. A. Walker, in his admirable History of the Second Army Corps, were almost days of panic in Washington. These words mildly indicate the state into which affairs had fallen at the close of August and the opening of September, 1862, on the heels of General Pope's defeat in the Second Bull Run. Yet Washington was defended by not less than 110,000 men; for, in addition to the army which Pope was bringing back, beaten certainly, but by no means destroyed, there stood before the lines of Washington not less than 40,000 veterans who had not fired a shot in this campaign., and behind the lines 30,000 good men of the garrisons and the reserves of whom at least two-thirds were veterans in discipline, though all were untried in battle. As General McClellan
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., General Hancock and the artillery at Gettysburg. (search)
commander of the artillery of the Second Corps, the Confederate assault would not have reached our lines, and considers this a very severe impeachment of General Hancock's conduct of his artillery. I fully appreciate and honor the motive of General Walker's courteous criticism, and his very kind references to myself, but he writes under misapprehensions which are widespread and misleading, and which, as they place me in a false position, I beg leave to explain. General Hancock's claim that judgment in the emergency suddenly presented to him when the cannonade opened. I do not know his reasons for countermanding my orders, and therefore cannot discuss them, even were I disposed to do so. As to the hypothetical case presented by General Walker, the possible effect of the enemy's cannonade on the morale of our troops, and his question, Who was the better judge, General Hunt or General Hancock? I may be permitted to reply, that a corps commander ought to be, so far as his own corps
y morning possess himself of the Maryland Heights and endeavor to capture the enemy at Harper's Ferry and vicinity. Gen. Walker, with his division, after accomplishing the object in which he is now engaged, will cross the Potomac at Cheek's ford,ute of the army and bring up all stragglers that may have been left behind. The commands of Gens. Jackson, McLaws, and Walker, after accomplishing the objects for which they have been detached, will join the main body of the army at Boonsborough oth, 9 A. M. Sumner ordered to take the Shookstown road to Middletown. By letter, dated Boston, May 19, 1884, Gen. F. A. Walker called the attention of Gen. McClellan to a statement made by the Comte de Paris in his History of the civil War int of Antietam I will take care to correct the error of the comte. And am always your friend, Geo. B. Mcclellan. Gen. F. A. Walker. May 13th, 6.45 P. M. Couch ordered to move to Jefferson with his whole division. On the 14th Gen. Pleaso
pt., 526.-Lincoln to McClellan, 29th Aug., 514. 515. Maryland campaign, 1862 : McClellan to Halleck. 10th Sept., 558: 19th Sept., 621 ; 20th Sept., 622; 22d, 23d Sept., 624; 27th Sept., 625 ; 11th, 15th Oct., 630; 12th Oct., 633 ; 21st Oct., 640. To Burnside, 15th Sept., 586. To Franklin, 13th, 14th Sept., 561, 562 ; 15th Sept., 563 To Hooker, 14th Sept., 579 To Ingalls, 15th, 16th Oct., 630. To Lincoln, 25th Oct., 634. To D. S. Miles. 14th Sept., 560. To army, 7th Nov., 653. To F. A. Walker, 21st May. ‘84, 575.--Halleck to McClellan, 10th Sept., 559; 11th, 13th, 14th Sept., 555 16th Sept., 556; 20th Sept., 622 ; 7th Oct., 628 ; 13th Oct., 631 ; 21st Oct., 640; 5th Nov., 651.--Lincoln to McClellan, 12th Sept., 555 ; 15th Sept, 583 : 25th Oct., 634.--Colburn to McClellan. 25th Oct., 635.--Franklin to McClellan, 15th Sept., 564.--Ingalls to McClellan, 9th Oct., 631. To Quartermaster, 13th Oct., 631.-Meade to McClellan, 18th Sept., 619.-Newton to Colburn, 24th Oct., 635.--Quar
the service. The same distinguished officer, writing after his career had closed in death, says, He was a splendid cavalry officer, and one of the most successful in the service; was modest, yet brave; unostentatious, but prompt and persevering; ever ready to go where duty called him, and never shrinking from action however fraught with peril. . . . Speaking many years after of the part taken in this great day's work The First Day, Gettysburg, July 1, 1863. by Buford's cavalry, General F. A. Walker, in the History of the Second Army Corps, uses the following language: When last it was my privilege to see General Hancock in November, 1885, he pointed out to me from Cemetery Hill the position occupied by Buford at this critical juncture, and assured me that among the most inspiring sights of his military career was the splendid spectacle of that gallant cavalry as it stood there, unshaken and undaunted, in the face of the advancing Confederate infantry. No higher commendation for
ng), the 49th (Colonel Bartlett), the 4th (Colonel Walker), the 48th (Colonel Stone), the 50th (Colo. Petty armies under more petty commanders. (Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 56.) Moving about in an inde. (Official War Records, XXI, 282.) Compare Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 150. Among these was Chapl Meigs. (Official War Records, XXI, 916 ) General Walker well describes Burnside as the sweetest, kortunate body, too, as is pointed out by Gen. F. A. Walker, an eye-witness, single regiments behaveFair Oaks, however, it is said of him by Gen. F. A. Walker that a young lieutenant on the staff thas line against the most desperate assaults. Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 479. The most distinguthe battle, see Century War Book, IV, 174-178; Walker's 2d Army Corps, pp. 441-490; Army and Navy Jod Harbor as separate engagements; others, like Walker, as but one battle. Fighting continued irreguheir backs at the first engagement. Compare Walker, 2d Army Corps, p. 229. In respect to dese[19 more...]
aite, C. H., 427 Waite, Chauncey, 486 Waite, M. B., 427 Waite, Silas, 428 Waitt, Clayton, 557 Waitt, W. R., 428 Wakefield, G. F., 428 Walcott, A. F., 99, 150 Walcott, C. F., 7, 32, 33, 36, 37, 69, 71, 82, 129, 138, 140, 141, 312, 321. Walcott, John, 428 Walden, W. F., 557 Walder, Henry, 428 Waldo, A. E., 486 Waldo, P. H., 486 Wales, Nathaniel, 107, 115 Walker, A. C., 486 Walker, Arthur, 557 Walker, C., VI Walker, C. H., 486 Walker, C. J., 428 Walker, Charles, 557 Walker, F. A., 52, 55, 68, 76, 80, 89, 95, 96, 102, 117, 119, 120, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 132, 133, 136, 137, 138, 144, 145, 146. Walker, G. B., 486 Walker, Gardner, 150 Walker, Henry, 4th Mass. Inf., 62, 151, 202 Walker, Henry, 27th Mass. Inf., 486 Walker, I. E., 557 Walker, J. C., 486 Walker, J. G., 486 Walker, J. K., 428 Walker, L. D., 557 Walker, L. H., 428 Walker, L. M., 486 Walker, Melville, 486 Walker, O. H., 486 Walker, W., 41 Walker, W. A., 128, 246, 428 Walker, William
forced them to retreat from the stubborn fight they had made. At about the same hour of the closing day, Grant made assault on Ewell, along the western face of the great salient, a brigade of Sedgwick's corps attacking Dole's, in Ewell's center, and driving him from his works. The brigades of Daniel and Steuart then fell upon the flanks of Upton's Federal brigade, while those of Battle and Johnson met it in front. Upton tenaciously held against these what he had won; but when Gordon and Walker reinforced the attack on his flanks, he was compelled to retire with heavy loss Ewell's guns, raking the front with furious fire, had prevented all attempts to reinforce the gallant Upton. The Confederate right, under Early, was also attacked, several times, during the 10th, by Burnside's corps, on the Fredericksburg road. There the Confederate artillery had full play on the Federal lines, as they essayed to cross the broad fields in front, and Pegram and Cutts, with their big guns, easi
pected and rapid fire opened the way for a charge, by Heth's division, when the larger portion of Hancock's men took a panic and broke in flight, leaving their works, 9 guns, 12 flags, over 3,000 muskets, and 2,150 prisoners, in Hill's hands, with a loss to him of but 720 men. It was an unheard — of thing for the veteran soldiery of Hancock to be thus discomfited, and they were only saved from utter rout by the desperate fighting of a small number of steadfast men, led by Hancock in person. Walker, in his Life of that great soldier, attributed this defeat to the weakened spirit of our (Hancock's) men, adding: Hancock had seen his troops fail in their attempts to carry the intrenched positions of the enemy, but he had never before had the mortification of seeing them driven, and his lines and guns taken. as on this occasion; and never before had he seen his men fail to respond, to the utmost, when he called upon them, personally, for a supreme effort; nor had he ever before ridden
the Potomac to the Mississippi, VIII., 47; dimensions of, VIII., 47. Wagram, losses at, X., 140. Wainright, C. S., I., 295. Wainwright, J. H., IX., 346. Wainwright, J. M., VI., 316. Wainwright, R.: I., 227; VI., 188. Wait, H. L., X., 2. Waite, C. A., VII., 28. Waites, J., I., 103. Walcutt, C. C., X., 93. Waldren's Ridge, Tenn., IV., 160, 164. Waldron, Ark., II., 348. Walke, H.: I., 217, 224; VI., 16, 148, 216, 218. Walker, F. A.: IV., 272; X., 23, 24. Walker, I., I., 19. Walker, H. H.: III., 70; X., 317. Walker, I. N., X., 296. Walker, J. A., X., 107. Walker, J. G.: II., 60, 70, 74, 324; X., 279. Walker, I., M., X., 297. Walker, LeR. P., X., 255. Walker, M., II., 344. Walker, R. L.: X., 113; II., 340. Walker, T. C., X., 2. Walker, W. H. T.: II., 344; X., 145, 278. Walker, W. S., II., 326; VI., 111; X., 261. Walker, Mr. an artist in a
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